What Causes Tough, Heavy, or Crumbly Biscuits? (Plus Fixes)
Why Are My Biscuits Heavy or Tough?
Biscuits are a quick bread that are a perfect accompaniment to many meals. They are leavened with baking powder, and they generally contain a fat—such as shortening, lard, or butter—that is cut into the flour.
Whether savory or sweet, biscuits are supposed to be light, fluffy, and moist. If your biscuits are turning out tough and heavy, then a few things could have gone wrong. Here are several reasons why your biscuits may be tough or heavy, as well as ways to fix them.
Causes of Heavy or Tough Biscuits (Plus How to Fix)
Not enough fat: Biscuits need to have a good fat/flour ratio. Recipes that have too little fat will end up being very heavy.
Not enough leavening: Without baking powder, or a baking soda/buttermilk combination, the biscuits will fail to rise. Check the expiration date on the canister to ensure a fresh leavening agent before making the biscuits.
Oven too cold: If the oven is too cold when the biscuits are put inside, they will not have a chance to rise in the oven, and by the time the biscuits cook the dough will be tough or very heavy. Always preheat the oven before the biscuits are placed in the oven for baking.
Dough was overworked: Biscuits are not like yeast breads where long kneading times are required. Once the liquid is added, knead the dough just enough to make it into a ball and roll out. If scraps are being kneaded together, knead very lightly to mix the dough without overworking.
Not enough liquid: Some biscuit recipes call for a range of liquid amounts (such as 2/3 to 3/4 cup milk). In this instance, begin with the smaller amount and add in more when needed. But don’t add in the liquid after the dough has already been made into a ball – add it after stirring a couple of strokes and if the flour looks like it won’t come be incorporated with the amount inside. Generally, if the recipe has been tested then the first amount will be for dryer biscuits and the second amount will be for moister biscuits.