A Delicious, Gluten-Free Treat
Whether you are gluten-free or not, I think you may enjoy these rock cakes (or rock buns, as they are also called). They are very easy and require only a few ingredients. If you have some flour, eggs, sugar, butter (or margarine), and a little dried fruit, why not have a go at these for a tasty treat with morning coffee or afternoon tea?
This recipe has taken me a few tries to perfect, but they're now a family favorite. I have also provided instructions for a chocolate chip and dried cranberry variation. Please try my recipe and share your comments and any suggestions you may have for variations.
What Are Rock Cakes?
Rock cakes, or rock buns as they are also called, got their name because they do resemble rocks! The dried fruit in the mix and the method of baking combine to give the cakes a rough, outer surface that bears a strong resemblance to a rock!
The rock cakes made by Hagrid in the Harry Potter book, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, by J. K. Rowling, really were as hard as rocks, causing Harry to almost break his tooth when trying one. Unlike Hagrid's version, my cakes are crisp on the outside and moist on the inside.
In the UK, these cakes were advocated by the Ministry of Food during World War II. During the strict, wartime food rationing, these cakes helped the ration of eggs and sugar go further as they need less of these two ingredients than (for example), a sponge cake.
|Prep time||Cook time||Ready in||Yields|
10 to 12 cakes
- 1 3/4 cups / 8 ounces / 225 grams gluten-free self raising flour
- 1/2 cup / 4 ounces / 115 grams unsalted butter, softened at room temperature
- 1/2 cup / 3 ounces / 85 grams caster sugar
- 5/8 cup / 3 ounces / 85 grams dried fruit mix
- 2 tablespoons / 30 milliliters milk
- 1 teaspoon mixed spice
- 1 large egg
Note about measurements: I have listed all ingredients with the option to use your preferred unit of measurement, so please use either cups, ounces, or grams.
- Preheat your oven to 180C (Gas Mark 4). For a fan oven, set to 160C (Gas Mark 3).
- Line a baking tray with baking parchment or grease-proof paper. It is not necessary to grease the paper.
- Sieve the flour into a mixing bowl and rub in the butter to get a fine, 'breadcrumb' consistency.
- Add the dried fruit and mix in with a fork.
- Mix the caster sugar and mixed spice together in a separate bowl before adding to the rest of the dry ingredients. Mix well with a fork. Note: Increase or decrease the amount of mixed spice according to your taste and preference.
- In a separate bowl or jug, beat the egg with the milk.
- Make a well in the centre of the flour/butter/sugar/spice mixture and pour in most of the milk and egg mixture, reserving a very small amount for brushing the top of each cake at step 9 (below). Mix well.
- Spoon out 10 to 12 even-sized dollops of the mixture, placing each on the prepared baking tray, evenly spread out. A useful tip is to use a wetted ice cream scoop to do this as it helps to get an even amount each time.
- Brush the top of each cake with a small amount of the milk and egg mixture and sprinkle on caster sugar to taste.
- Place the baking tray above the centre of your pre-heated oven and bake for approximately 15 to 20 minutes until golden brown.
- Allow to cool on the tray for 5 minutes and then transfer to a wire rack to finish cooling. Once cool, the cakes can be stored in an airtight tin for 3 to 4 days. Alternatively, freeze in a suitable container on the day of baking. These freeze well.
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Variations on the Basic Recipe
There are a few variations that you can use to ring the changes when using the basic recipe above:
- Spices: Leave out the mixed spice and, instead of sprinkling the cakes with just caster sugar before baking, add about half a teaspoon of cinnamon powder to the sugar (or more according to taste) and sprinkle the mixture of sugar and cinnamon on instead.
- Vanilla: Replace the mixed spice with a teaspoon of vanilla paste or slightly more vanilla extract. Do not add this with the dry ingredients, but beat it into the egg and milk mixture instead.
- Dried cranberries and chocolate chips: Replace the mixed spice with vanilla as in variation 2 (above) and replace the dried fruit with a mixture of dried cranberries and chocolate chips (use white, milk, or dark according to taste). For my recipe, you will need 1/2 cup / 2 oz/ 60 g dried cranberries and 1/2 cup / 3 oz / 90 g of chocolate chips.
Please Get in Touch!
Please let me know how you got on with making my gluten-free rock cake recipe. You can rate the recipe with the star rating above, leave me a comment below, or use the 'contact the author' link right at the top of the page. It would be lovely to hear from you and to learn what your favorite recipe variation is.
© 2020 Alison Graham