How to Make Organic Red Fife Sourdough Bread

Updated on May 27, 2017

Sourdough Baking With Ancient Grains: Red Fife

Red Fife is a heritage bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) variety that Ontario farmer Dave Fife and his family started growing in 1842. Its name is derived from the original red colour of the wheat kernel and David's family name. (That's pretty much how grains were named back then.)

Red Fife is one of Canada's oldest varieties of wheat; legend has it originating in the Ukraine, or Turkey. According to Wikipedia, it originated in Turkey and then made its way to the Ukraine, where it was grown by Mennonites. My Red Fife came from an organic family farm in Sortheastern Alberta, where it has been grown for at least 100 years.

My love affair with this ancient grain began a year ago, when my daughter brought me a chunk of Red Fife sourdough from a local artisan bakery I hadn't known about. The sourdough, in a word, was AWESOME. It was love at first bite.

Organic Red Fife

Organic Red Fife
Organic Red Fife

Storing Your Grains

I keep my grains in food grade containers purchased from local shops. The type of container designed for making wine is just right for storing 50-pound bags of grain, in this case, Emmer, from Ehnes Farms.

(I use a variety of containers for various purposes.)

Two Handy Containers

Here are two of the containers I use to store open flours and grains. I prefer the one on the left for its hinged lid, and use the type on the right for my generic modern flours.

I found these at a local plastics shop, but they should be widely available.

KitchenAid 600 Professional Stand Mixer

KitchenAid KP26M1XNP 6 Qt. Professional 600 Series Bowl-Lift Stand Mixer - Nickel Pearl
KitchenAid KP26M1XNP 6 Qt. Professional 600 Series Bowl-Lift Stand Mixer - Nickel Pearl

I love my KitchenAid 600 - I bought it to mill my grain, but also use it to mix large batches of dough - the dough hook does a great job!

 
Ehnes Organic Red Fife Label
Ehnes Organic Red Fife Label

Ehnes Organic Farm

My quest for Red Fife began at Ehnes Farm. The proprietor, Bernie Ehnes, was really knowledgible when it came to heritage wheat, and so he should be -- his family has been farming here since they homesteaded the land way back in 1911.

Bernie ships his ancient grains all over North America, and I'm certain he'd be delighted to ship it to you, too. You'll find contact information on his website (and a link to it at the bottom of this page).

Milling Your Own Flour - Cracked Red Fife

Cracked Red Fife
Cracked Red Fife

Okay...now that you know where to acquire this wonderful grain, you'll be presented with two choices:

  • Mill your own, or
  • Have someone mill it for you

Because I wanted to have the flexibility to produce any type of flour I wanted on demand, I decided to do it myself. The photo above shows the coarseness of my cracked wheat. I use a half cup of cracked Red Fife for my artisan sourdough because I love the texture it adds to the bread.

Messerschmidt Family Grain Mill - When you want your flour FRESH

Messerschmidt Family Grain Mill
Messerschmidt Family Grain Mill

After a bit of searching, I discovered this superb Family Grain Mill from Pleasant Hill Grain (link at the bottom of this page). KitchenAid also offers a grain mill, but the Messerschmidt came highly recommended, so that's the one I bought. Here you see the model designed for use on KitchenAid machines - I have a KitchenAid 600, and the mill was a perfect match. (There is also a free-standing model for those who prefer a separate mill.)

You can see the coarseness of the grind in the photo above.

Milling Your Own Flour - From Coarse Cracked Wheat To Fine Flour

This flour was milled using the Family Grain Mill's finest setting. I use it in my sourdough recipe as well as the cracked wheat. The difference between the two grinds is apparent.

The cracked wheat's also great as a breakfast cereal, or soaked in water for 24 hours and served as a vegetable.

Organic Red Fife Sourdough
Organic Red Fife Sourdough

There are endless variations of this recipe and process. Purists may prefer using 3 cups of Red Fife and skipping the Cracked Wheat and Chia - I do it all the time, but find the dough easier to work with if I add a bit of white flour.

I'd love to hear from anyone who bakes this bread - sharing experiences is half the fun.

This recipe yields about 1.8 pounds of awesome sourdough.

Prep time: 17 hours 30 min
Cook time: 45 min
Ready in: 18 hours 15 min
Yields: Happiness

Ingredients

  • 1.5 cup Red Fife Fine Flour
  • .5 cup Red Fife Cracked Wheat
  • 1 cup Unbleached White Flour
  • 1.25 to 1.5 cups Water, Start with 1 1/4 cups water
  • 1 -2 teaspoons Kosher Salt (salt to taste - I recommend 1.5 tsp/8 grams)
  • .5 teaspoon Chia Seed
  • 1 half cup active sourdough starter

Instructions

  1. Dissolve the salt in the water and set it aside. (Do not use iodized table salt, as it may impede the sourdough culture.)
  2. Mix the dry ingredients together in a large bowl. I prefer using my KitchenAid bowl for this, but any bowl will do. (You will also need a second bowl for proofing the dough - more on this later.) Add the water after the salt has dissolved and mix thoroughly, then add the active sourdough culture.
  3. If the mixture is too dry, add small amounts of water until the dough can form a cohesive ball. If the dough is too wet, and is difficult to handle, add small amounts of flour until you can form that ball.
  4. Prepare a second bowl that's about 4 times larger than your ball of dough by coating it lightly with olive oil. Place the dough in this bowl and roll it over so the top has a light coating of oil, then cover the dough with plastic wrap. This will keep the crust of the dough from drying out during the proofing process.
  5. Let the dough proof ("rise") for 17 or 18 hours, then remove the plastic wrap and throw it away. Place the Lodge Dutch Oven in your oven and pre-heat to 475 degrees Fahrenheit.
  6. Dump the dough out onto a floured cutting board - I use my Epicurean Kitchen Series 15-Inch-by-11-Inch for this - it's the perfect size.
  7. Gently flour and fold the dough a few times until you can form a round loaf - do not knead the dough. When the oven reaches 475 degrees, remove the Dutch Oven (carefully - it's HOT) and place it on a stove burner or other safe place and remove the lid. Carefully place the sourdough in the Dutch Oven, replace the lid, and return it to the oven. The Dutch Oven will retain moisture from the dough and steam it, producing a lovely, thick, chewy crust.
  8. Bake for 30 minutes, remove the lid, and bake another 15 minutes to brown the crust.
  9. Remove the bread and place it on a grill to cool. Resist the temptation of cut the loaf - let it cool for at least 30 minutes.
  10. Enjoy.
3 stars from 10 ratings of Organic Red Fife Sourdough

The Lodge Dutch Oven - My Secret Weapon - This is the perfect vehicle for creating artisan sourdoughs.

I consider several things essential when it comes to my baking. One is my enameled cast iron pizza pan, another is my 12" pizza stone, and another this marvelous Dutch Oven.

The oven is mentioned in the recipe; although you can certainly bake sourdough without it (I did for years), the Lodge consistently produces a thick, chewy sourdough crust without which it just isn't sourdough.

UPDATE: I now use a Sassafras Stoneware Baker for my sourdoughs, but still love the Lodge!

Proofing The Dough

This merged photo shows the dough after being moved to the oiled bowl. The left half of the photo shows the raw dough - you can clearly see the cracked wheat and Chia.

On the right side of the photo, you can see the dough after covering with plastic wrap.

Sixteen Hours Later...

After proofing for about 17 hours (at room temperature), the dough nearly fills the bowl. It can now be removed, punched down and shaped.

Ready For The (Dutch) Oven!

Red Fife Sourdough, Ready for the oven.
Red Fife Sourdough, Ready for the oven.

The dough has been punched down and shaped, and is now ready for baking in the Dutch Oven. The Chia seeds and Cracked Wheat catch your eye right away.

Artisan Red Fife Sourdough - Just Out Of The Oven!

This is the sourdough produced to build this lens - My daughter - the one who introduced me to Red Fife Sourdough in the first place - was the lucky recipient.

Hungry Yet?

Red Fife Sourdough
Red Fife Sourdough

This was my very first loaf of Red Fife - it was awesome.

Do You Love Sourdough?

Having grown up in Sourdough Central (the San Francisco Bay area), I fell in love with tangy sourdoughs long before most of you were born. Later in life, this led me to start baking my own, and I've now been at it for more than twenty years.

It would be nice to know how many sourdough fans there are "out there," which is why I added this brief poll.

Do you like sourdough bread?

See results

Questions & Answers

    Love Sourdough? - Take a moment and say hello!

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      • Dragon 40 profile imageAUTHOR

        Ken McVay 

        13 months ago from Nanaimo, British Columbia

        If I can assist you in any way, please let me know.

      • profile image

        Doris Lepine 

        13 months ago

        Just received my red fife wheat berries, and sourdough starter. Made white sourdough bread for years so now I want to try red fife wheat....with my new starter from breadtopia.

      • Dragon 40 profile imageAUTHOR

        Ken McVay 

        19 months ago from Nanaimo, British Columbia

        I have used olive oil in the past, to put off dryness, but no longer do. I love the chewy texture (and spent more than a few bucks on Dutch Ovens and stoneware bakers just to enhance it).

      • profile image

        Alison Eyers 

        19 months ago

        Hi. Lovely article, lots of interesting pictures. I used to make sourdough myself but have never milled my own flour. I know for purists this is a no no; but have you ever tried adding a very small amount of fat to your dough? Just a small knob, about 1/2 oz. It softens the texture and is less 'chewy' but still delicious. Try it and see what you think.

        Keep baking! X

      • Dragon 40 profile imageAUTHOR

        Ken McVay 

        3 years ago from Nanaimo, British Columbia

        Yes, but the loaf will be heavier...I have found that filtered Spelt (bran removed) also works well (and tastes great)

      • profile image

        Inga moy 

        3 years ago

        Could I substitute emmer instead of the white flour? I want to stay away from any flour other than heritage.

      • Dragon 40 profile imageAUTHOR

        Ken McVay 

        4 years ago from Nanaimo, British Columbia

        @ecogranny: I use Ed Woods' San Francisco sourdough culture, which I've kept for more than ten years. Ed sells exotic cultures from all over the world at his Sourdoughs International site. I have captured local cultures in the past - it's a great way to start baking with sourdough.

      • ecogranny profile image

        Kathryn Grace 

        4 years ago from San Francisco

        I do indeed, and I have to try your recipe. Do you cultivate your own sourdough starter from wild yeast? Or do you use a commercial starter?

        Thanks for the recipe, as well as for the information about the wheat. I love that the wheat you use has been in the Fife family for so many generations. I will pin this and also post it to my Facebook page titled "Cooking with whole grains & whole foods."

      • Just4Luck profile image

        Justin 

        4 years ago from Slovenija

        Looks yummy! I make my bread for many years n ow and I could never switch back to supermarket products!

      • KathyZ1 profile image

        KathyZ1 

        5 years ago

        Congs on your LOTD. Great lens.

      • Dragon 40 profile imageAUTHOR

        Ken McVay 

        5 years ago from Nanaimo, British Columbia

        @Jhale Moreno: Glad you found the page useful. You don't need anything fancy to make sourdough - and it's worth the effort.

      • profile image

        anonymous 

        5 years ago

        Congratulations on your LOTD, totally awesome lens, great pictures, and bread looks so yummy!

      • Jhale Moreno profile image

        Jhale Moreno 

        5 years ago

        I have never gotten to try real sourdough yet, but I am very thankful for your article which provides information about mills and wheat resources that I may have missed without you. Thank you!

      • FrancesWrites profile image

        FrancesWrites 

        5 years ago

        That is absolutely mouth-watering. I like the way you have used the text with big picture module throughout. Congratulations on LotD, it's well-deserved.

      • Dragon 40 profile imageAUTHOR

        Ken McVay 

        5 years ago from Nanaimo, British Columbia

        @soaringsis: It *is* heavenly, I assure you :-)

      • profile image

        soaringsis 

        5 years ago

        Congratulations on your LotD award. The bread looks heavenly.Thanks for sharing.

      • Dragon 40 profile imageAUTHOR

        Ken McVay 

        5 years ago from Nanaimo, British Columbia

        @MrAusAdventure: Hunger is the first step to fine sourdough :-)

      • MrAusAdventure profile image

        Bill 

        5 years ago from Gold Coast, Australia

        Congrats on LOTD, you have made me hungry now staring at that freshly baked loaf!

      • profile image

        philipcaddick 

        5 years ago

        Very interesting, great read, and is challenging.

      • ikdj lm profile image

        ikdj lm 

        5 years ago

        Sour dough is a really easy way to make bread and healthier than using yeast.

      • Charlie43 LM profile image

        Charlie43 LM 

        5 years ago

        One of my interests on retirement is artisan baking and heirloom recipes, fruits and vegetables. Thanks for this information and congrasts on LOTD.

      • sierradawn lm profile image

        sierradawn lm 

        5 years ago

        Very appetizing lens! Congratulations on winning LOTD

      • Dragon 40 profile imageAUTHOR

        Ken McVay 

        5 years ago from Nanaimo, British Columbia

        @Northerntrials: Sourdough culture contains a symbiotic pairing of wild yeast and lactobacteria. I do not use commercial yeast, and do not believe it would be possible to produce this bread while doing so. How I proof the dough depends entirely on the result desired. My usual practice is to proof the dough at room temperature for 2-3 hours, and then retard for 15 to 20 hours in a 41 degree fridge. With Red Fife, there is no need to retard the dough - it produces very sour bread without retardation.

      • profile image

        anonymous 

        5 years ago

        Great looking recipe. Congratulations on getting LotD!

      • Northerntrials profile image

        Northerntrials 

        5 years ago

        Some would argue that this is not real sourdough because you use yeast and not sourdough starter, but I agree with you that the long slow rise you put the dough through builds the sourdough taste. Do you let the dough rise on the counter or in the fridge? When I have a sourdough starter going I still do the slow rise in the fridge overnight.

      • esmonaco profile image

        Eugene Samuel Monaco 

        5 years ago from Lakewood New York

        Thanks, I love sourdough bread

      • CrazyHomemaker profile image

        CrazyHomemaker 

        5 years ago

        Yummy! I LOVE fresh baked bread. Yours looks so delicious. I haven't had the luck of using sourdough. I'm probably a little to antsy to wait 17 hours to proof. Congrats on LOTD!

      • profile image

        GrammieOlivia 

        5 years ago

        Wow, this is something for the weekend! Love bread in all it's different varieties. Yum!

      • profile image

        DebMartin 

        5 years ago

        Oh I'm drooling! I've never used a dutch oven to make bread. Outstanding!

      • EzLoanLookUp LM profile image

        EzLoanLookUp LM 

        5 years ago

        THat looks fantastic. Thanks for the lens.

      • Dragon 40 profile imageAUTHOR

        Ken McVay 

        5 years ago from Nanaimo, British Columbia

        @jknake lm: That lovely Dutch Oven is perfect for yeast breads (trust me). Check out Jim Lahey's method.

      • profile image

        changrcoacher 

        5 years ago

        I'm drooling....seriously...I make my own bread and am experimenting with ancient grains (after reading "Wheat Belly") I've used the Einkorn flour and have the berries to grind myself. Thank you, and congratulations!

      • profile image

        tbonestakes 

        5 years ago

        Wonderful lens, we should all appreciate the recipes that are brought to us through antiquity. Thanks!

      • jknake lm profile image

        jknake lm 

        5 years ago

        Oh My Gosh! That looks sssooooo good! I wonder if you could bake other breads in the dutch oven? My husband doesn't care for the sourdough but I like it. I just love crunchy, chewy breads. Thanks for the lens, it's beautiful. I can almost smell the bread from this picture!

      • favored profile image

        Fay Favored 

        5 years ago from USA

        Love it. It's lunch time, so I think I'll have some now. Thanks.

      • Dragon 40 profile imageAUTHOR

        Ken McVay 

        5 years ago from Nanaimo, British Columbia

        @anonymous: I do maintain my own culture, and have done for more than ten years. You will find an awesome selection of sourdough cultures at Ed Wood's site, SOURDO.COM. I use his San Francisco culture.

      • savateuse profile image

        savateuse 

        5 years ago

        Yes, I love sourdough, and your loaves look very tasty!

      • katiecolette profile image

        katiecolette 

        5 years ago

        Love sourdough, love organics, ought to try your recipe! Sharing this on my "Organics" Pinterest board and congrats on LOTD :)

      • lollyj lm profile image

        Laurel Johnson 

        5 years ago from Washington KS

        What a wonderful lens!! Thanks so much for sharing your recipe, photos and links.

        Congrats on LOTD.

      • qikey1 lm profile image

        qikey1 lm 

        5 years ago

        Looks fabulous! I appreciate the info about the dutch oven and grain mill. When time permits I will be referring back to this lens - I do love baking fresh bread!

      • profile image

        anonymous 

        5 years ago

        hello, looks yummy! did you grow your own sourdough?

      • Susan Zutautas profile image

        Susan Zutautas 

        5 years ago from Ontario, Canada

        Looks and sounds wonderful! I do love sourdough, but sad to say I'm on a diet, but will pinned your recipe as I want to try making this.

      • Diana Wenzel profile image

        Renaissance Woman 

        5 years ago from Colorado

        A true work of art. I would consider this sourdough a gift of happiness. Excellent presentation. Congrats on Lens of the Day!

      • Diaper Bag Blog profile image

        Stanley Green 

        5 years ago from Czech Republic

        We used to bake our own bread from flour we bought in the store. But mill my own flour? ... Great idea!

      • Yamin Joe profile image

        Yamin Joe 

        5 years ago

        Very informative lens,I reckon that you spent a lot of thinking and preparing to come with a very good lens.

      • profile image

        mina009 

        5 years ago

        Making your own bread always feels and tastes a lot better.

      • Meganhere profile image

        Meganhere 

        5 years ago

        That looks delicious!

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