Linda explores food facts, folklore, and fabulous recipes, one ingredient at a time.
Our Obsession With Coffee
Americans—we love our coffee. Each day 64 percent of us (157 million) choose coffee as our morning eye-opener. Whether you take it black or with cream; decaf, half-caf, or high-octane espresso; hot or iced; foam or no foam, coffee has a firm grip on our everyday lives. In fact, the grasp is so tight it seems we cannot exist without it. When polled by Zagat.com, coffee drinkers admitted that:
- 55 percent would rather gain ten pounds than give up coffee for life.
- If given the choice of coffee or a morning shower, 52 percent would opt to skip the shower.
- Almost half (49 percent) would give up their cell phone for a month rather than give up coffee.
Why do we love coffee? Some of us say it’s for the flavor. If you frequent the corner espresso bar in your neighborhood there might be a social aspect to your habit. But most of us believe that we need that kick of caffeine to rev our engines. Of course, there are other sources of caffeine—tea, cola, and chocolate, but coffee represents 75% of all the caffeine consumed in the United States.
Starbucks opened a coffee house in 1971 in the heart of Seattle's Pike Place Market, and our world was forever changed. As of November 2016, it operates 23,768 locations worldwide, including more than 13,000 in the United States.
Want another “eye-opening” statistic? Americans consume 400 million cups of coffee per day, equivalent to 146 billion cups of coffee per year, making the United States the leading consumer of coffee in the world.
Coffee falls into your stomach, and straightway there is a general commotion. Ideas begin to move like the battalions of the Grand Army of the battlefield, and the battle takes place. Things remembered arrive at full gallop, ensuing to the wind. The light cavalry of comparisons deliver a magnificent deploying charge, the artillery of logic hurry up with their train and ammunition, the shafts of which start up like sharpshooters. Similes arise, the paper is covered with ink
— Honoré de Balzac, "The Pleasures and Pains of Coffee"
Coffee for Wine?
You are no doubt familiar with the concept of cooking with wine. Wine added to a sauce or used to deglaze a pan is not there for the alcohol—the alcohol vaporizes quite quickly with the application of heat. But what is left is the nuance of oak or apricot, straw or strawberry—all of the flavors that wine connoisseur might use to describe the complex flavors of wine.
But, what about coffee?
Experiencing coffee is actually very similar to tasting wine. As wine grapes are influenced by soil and climate, coffee also picks up nuanced flavors from variances in altitude, terrain, and weather. Good-quality coffee contains hints of fruit and spice. So the addition of a bit coffee can enhance and deepen your dining experience and it imparts the umami flavor that mimics the tastes we love in chicken and beef. In fact, when it comes to adding flavors, coffee knocks it out of the park. More than 850 flavor compounds can be found in a roasted coffee bean, wine has no more than 200.
Let's look at a few possibilities:
"Carb Diva" Vegetarian Chili with Coffee
- 1/2 cup dry pinto beans
- 1/2 cup dry kidney beans
- 1 cup dry black beans
- 1 (28-ounce) can crushed tomatoes
- 1 tablespoon ground cumin
- 1 tablespoon smoked paprika
- 1 tablespoon chili powder, or more if you like it hot
- 1 teaspoon dried coriander
- 1/2 teaspoon dried oregano flakes
- 1 or 2 jalapeno peppers, (remove the seeds if you want less heat)
- 1 pound crimini mushrooms, chopped
- 1 medium carrot, finely diced
- 1 medium onion, finely diced
- 2 stalks celery, finely diced
- 1/4 cup olive oil
- 4 cloves garlic, minced
- 2 bay leaves
- 1 cup strong brewed coffee, divided
- 2 teaspoons lemon juice
- salt and pepper, to taste
- Carefully sort through the beans. Rinse well and place in a large stockpot. Add 2 quarts of water. Bring to a boil over medium-high heat. Boil for 2 minutes. Remove from heat, cover and let sit for 1 hour.
- Drain the beans and return to the pot. Add water to cover the beans by an inch or so; bring to a boil. Simmer until the beans are very tender, 1 to 2 hours. Drain the beans. Place the drained beans back in the pot and set aside. (By the way, are you wondering why we drain the beans rather than cooking them in the soaking water? My experience is that using freshwater prevents some of the rooty-tooty of cooked beans).
- Place the tomatoes, spices, and jalapenos in a blender container--blend until smooth. Set aside.
- In a large saute pan cook the mushrooms in 2 tablespoons of the olive oil over medium heat until they give off their water, the water evaporates, and they begin to brown. Remove from the pan and set aside.
- Next, add the remaining oil to the pan and simmer the carrots, onion, and celery over medium heat until the vegetables are soft--about 10 minutes.
- Add the garlic and bay leaves and saute one minute more. Add the tomato/spice mixture, the sauteed mushrooms, and the sauteed vegetables to the stockpot of beans. Stir in 1/2 cup of the coffee.
- Simmer over low heat until heated through and the flavors are blended--about 15 minutes. Add more of the coffee if needed to prevent burning. Remove the bay leaves. Stir in the lemon juice. Taste for salt and pepper and season accordingly.
Why this recipe works
- Starting with dried beans instead of canned requires a bit of planning ahead and certainly increases the preparation and cooking times, but the payback is worth it. Canned beans, even those marketed as "low sodium" contribute a great deal of salt to one's diet. Dried beans contain no sodium. And dried beans cost considerably less than the canned product.
- Mushrooms are a wonderful substitute for the umami flavor of beef or beef and pork.
- Diced carrot and celery add fiber, texture (so that you won't miss the 'mouth-feel' of meat), and a bit of sweetness to temper the bite of chili powder.
- Coffee enhances and deepens the rich earthy flavors.
- Lemon juice might seem an odd addition to a pot of chili, but just 2 teaspoons will "brighten" the flavors, reducing the need for additional salt.
Crock Pot Coffee Pot Roast
Alice Seuffert is a regular contributor to Scary Mommy where she shares her thoughts on motherhood and provides a realistic and empathetic approach to the joys and challenges that motherhood presents. She also provides her readers with easy, accessible and creative recipes in Dining with Alice. Here you will find everything from cocktails to casseroles and find a new friend. Her recipe for Crock Pot Coffee Pot Roast is rich and flavorful, and slow-cooker easy.
It is inhumane, in my opinion, to force people who have a genuine medical need for coffee to wait in line behind those who apparently view it as a recreational activity.
— Dave Barry, humorist
Vegetarian Mushroom Bourguignon
In 1961 Julia Child taught us how to cook a perfect Beef Bourguignon in her classic cookbook "Mastering the Art of French Cooking." I love Julia's original recipe, but here are a few reasons why I made my own version.
- Julia's recipe takes almost 6 hours to prepare. Admittedly, this isn't all active time; several hours are spent merely waiting for simmering chunks of beef to become tender. Nevertheless, that's a bit more time than I want to devote to any meal (with the exception of Thanksgiving).
- I lost count of how many pots, pans, and cooking implements were used to prepare this dish. I'm pretty sure that someone else was washing the dishes.
- And, the most obvious reason why I hesitate to prepare this is that my daughters are vegetarian. I would be remiss as a mom (and certainly as the Carb Diva) if I gave them only Garden Burgers and stir-fried tofu to eat.
So here is my recipe for a rich, dark, savory bourguignon without the beef.
Serve over mashed potatoes: Makes 4 servings
- 2 tablespoons olive oil, divided
- 2 tablespoons softened butter, divided
- 2 pounds crimini mushrooms, stems trimmed, cut in half or quarters if large
- 1 large carrot, finely diced
- 1 cup pearl onions (I like to use the frozen ones—all of the prep work has been done for you)
- 2 cloves garlic, minced
- 1 cup full-bodied red wine (Merlot is a good choice)
- 1 cup vegetable broth
- 1 cup strong brewed coffee
- 2 tablespoons tomato paste
- 1 teaspoon fresh thyme leaves (or 1/2 teaspoon dried)
- 1 1/2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
- Minced fresh parsley, garnish (optional)
- Heat the one tablespoon of the olive oil and one tablespoon of butter in a medium Dutch oven or heavy saucepan over high heat. Sear the mushrooms until they begin to brown; remove from the pan and set aside.
- Reduce heat to medium and add the second tablespoon of olive oil. (No, don’t add the lone tablespoon of butter at this time. That comes up later in the recipe). Add the carrots, onions, thyme, a few good pinches of salt and several grinds of black pepper to the pan and cook for 10 minutes, stirring occasionally, until the onions are lightly browned. Add the garlic and cook for another 30 seconds. You want the garlic to become fragrant, but don't let it brown. Garlic burns very easily, and burnt garlic is bitter garlic.
- Add the wine to the pot; increase the heat to high and begin to scrape up any browned bits on the bottom of the pan. This is called “fond” and is what makes the rich, savory, meaty-like flavor. Cook until the wine is reduced by half. Then stir in the broth, coffee and tomato paste.
- Bring the heat back down to a simmer. Add back the mushrooms with any juices that have collected; once the liquid has boiled, reduce the temperature so it simmers for 20 minutes, or until mushrooms are very tender.
- Combine remaining butter and the flour with a fork; stir into the stew. Lower the heat and simmer for 10 more minutes. If the sauce is too thin, boil it down to reduce to the right consistency; season to taste. Garnish with minced parsley if desired.
Vegetarian French Onion Soup
This recipe is by Jerry James Stone, from "Made with Coffee: A Cookbook for Coffee Lovers, Caffeine Addicts, and Foodies." It was published in the Costco Connection in August 2018.
Makes 10 servings
- 2 tablespoons olive oil plus more for croutons (the toasted bread served on top of French onion soup)
- 4 pounds onions, julienned
- 8 cups low-sodium vegetable broth
- 1 1/2 cups brewed coffee, dark roast
- 2 tablespoons Shinshu (yellow) miso
- 2 garlic cloves, peeled and smashed
- 2 sprigs fresh thyme
- 1 baguette, cut into 1-inch slices
- Salt and pepper, to taste
- 2 cups shredded Gruyere cheese
- Preheat oven to 350 degrees F.
- In a Dutch oven, warm 2 tablespoons of oil over medium-low heat and add onions, tossing to coat. Increase heat to medium-high and stir every 10 minutes. If onions begin to burn, reduce heat. Cook for an hour, until onions are golden and jammy.
- Add broth, coffee, miso, garlic and thyme to pot. Bring to a boil and reduce to a simmer. Cook for 30 minutes.
- While soup simmers, prepare the croutons. Place baguette slices on a parchment-lined baking sheet, brush with oil and bake about 15 minutes until toasty. Be careful not to burn them.
- When the soup is ready, add salt and pepper to taste. Divide soup into ramekins and top with croutons and shredded cheese. Place ramekins in a baking dish, place the baking dish in the middle rack and broil on low until the cheese has melted.
© 2017 Linda Lum
Linda Lum (author) from Washington State, USA on August 18, 2017:
Shauna - More and more I find that I too am leaning toward eating vegetarian. It is more healthful and certainly costs less per pound than meat. Yes, the bourguignon is delicious!
Shauna L Bowling from Central Florida on August 18, 2017:
Diva, the Mushroom Bourguignon sounds yummy. I'm not a vegetarian, but I'll choose a non-meat over a meaty one most of the time. And I love mushrooms! I think this recipe would be good served over egg noodles as well. I'll have to try it sometime.
My dad rubs coffee grounds on steak before he grills it. He's been doing that for as long as I can remember. The coffee adds a deep, rich flavor to the meat. I've never seen anyone else use coffee as a rub though.
Linda Lum (author) from Washington State, USA on July 16, 2017:
Thank you Angel Guzman, and welcome to Hub Pages.
Angel Guzman from Joliet, Illinois on July 16, 2017:
Wow great read!
manatita44 from london on June 24, 2017:
Great lines! I can be a bit eccentric with the little things I like. This is a great line:
"A recipe is a mere suggestion, not a commandment." -Linda Lum.
I think that it affects my adrenals, which is already weak, but yes, perhaps all problems start in the stomach, like most say.
Linda Lum (author) from Washington State, USA on June 24, 2017:
Yes, I do love to experiment in the kitchen. A recipe is a mere suggestion, not a commandment. I am sorry to hear of your tummy woes--coffee can be quite acidic. Do take care of yourself my friend, Lantern.
manatita44 from london on June 24, 2017:
My, my ...
You surely experiment. You must have a natural feel for these recipes. My favourite here is the vegetarian chilli with coffee. Interesting?
I'm a coffee lover with a few poems about it. Alas! perhaps I took too much, as I don't seem to get on with it now, or it does not seem to get on with me. So I'm very careful with wheat, milk, sugar and coffee, especially Costa Coffee.
Great flair and creativity in your Hubs. Thanks. -Lantern
Linda Lum (author) from Washington State, USA on June 22, 2017:
Flourish and Linda - the sauce is dark and rich and full of flavor. Who needs beef? I think you would like it.
Linda Crampton from British Columbia, Canada on June 21, 2017:
I add coffee to desserts, but I've never thought of adding it to savory foods before. Your recipes sound very interesting. Thanks for sharing them.
FlourishAnyway from USA on June 21, 2017:
Although I do not drink coffee I have had it in recipes and that last recipe is definitely something I could try!
Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on June 21, 2017:
Next to me at Wednesday's farmers market is Claddagh Brewery, makers of something called "cold brew." I didn't think I could be surprised by coffee but I am pleasantly surprised by the cold brew product.
I just got home, I'm tired, and I wish you a wonderful evening.
Linda Lum (author) from Washington State, USA on June 21, 2017:
Lori, I didn't realize (or remember) that we are "neighbors". I live in Washington State also, and it seems that there is a Starbucks (or at least some type of coffee stand) on almost every corner.
I theorize that if unsweetened chocolate can be used in savory cooking (mole anyone?) why not coffee?
Lori Colbo from Pacific Northwest on June 21, 2017:
I had never heard of cooking with coffee, especially with savory dishes. I am going to pass this on to my social media page. Coffee at one of our local coffee stands (Washington State where coffee is on every street corner and store) is the one indulgence I give myself when I have a few extra bucks. When I am asked what I want for Christmas or birthday I say a coffee gift card.
I am going to try your coffee chilli.
Eric Dierker from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A. on June 20, 2017:
We have a phrase down here Mexico way. Que Linda! It means muy beautiful.
For some reason you just reminded me of Cowboy Coffee and breakfast steak. Cowboys would always put a pot of coffee on at night for the night riders/watchmen over the herd. Of course dashed with rotgut for day shift. Cowboy Coffee is a big pot of boiling water, grounds thrown straight in. 5 minutes and egg shells thrown in to settle. And it was always half there for breakfast.
You guessed it. Toss in a steak and soak it for ten or so and fry her up grounds stuck and all. Food is good when the living ain't easy.
Linda Lum (author) from Washington State, USA on June 20, 2017:
Eric, I LOVE this comment from you; anything you have to share is awesome-sauce for me. What a great tradition you and your mom developed--to have the fun of finding condiments for each other.
I'm impressed (but not surprised) that your mom would cook the Julia Child Beef Bourguignon. Wow, that shows how much she loved you!
As for the chili, I don't think I can ship it, but if you get on Interstate 5, head north and drive 12 hours (about 800) miles.
Eric Dierker from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A. on June 20, 2017:
I want that Coffee Chili now and I want a double serving and I promise not to eat anything else for two days!
My mom cooked off that Julia Child's Beef Bourguignon for me for my birthday for over ten years straight. Adaptations for Dottie Dierker of course. Since about fourteen I had a knack for cooking meat of all sorts - outdoor type, although for steakhouses mostly indoors. My mom had dinner parties for 40 regularly. So on my birthday or chosen day she would literally spend hours and hours doing the Beef Bourguignon.
What a bond it gave us. When I moved away we would ship each other vinegars and mustards. I was mustard, as she passed we had swapped over 30 kinds.
Sorry for the lengthy.