Paul's passion for making and consuming coffee extends back over thirty years. An extensive traveler, he currently lives in Florida.
I've learned from experience that making the perfect latte or cappuccino is not is not just about the coffee brew, the milk has to be just right too. Getting the temperature of the milk right can be difficult. If you heat it too little, it won't have the correct consistency, heat it too much and it will become burned.
The best way of ensuring that the milk has reached the ideal temperature is through the use of an espresso thermometer. A temperature between 150ºF and 155ºF generally works best. Go above above 170ºF and the milk will be scorched.
The Top 3 Espresso Thermometers
- The Norpo 5981: Affordable and Easy
- The Rattleware: Reliable and Durable
- The CDN IRB220-F ProAccurate Insta-Read: Perfect for a Smaller Pitcher
I give more information and explain my selections in detail below.
The Norpo 5981: Affordable and Easy
When it comes to value for money, the Norpro 5981 is difficult to beat. I used one for over a year before losing it after a family split.
Attractive and functional, I found this device to be perfect for use with milk frothing pitchers.
Norpro Thermometer Pros
- The clip that enables you to fasten the thermometer to pitcher is very handy.
- The dial is around 3/4 inch in diameter, with a very visible colored zone to let you know optimum temperature (somewhere around 150-160F or 65-72 C is generally accepted to be the ideal temperature for a perfect latte foam).
- Generally speaking, very straightforward and easy to use.
- Old style spring style thermometer so no batteries required.
Norpro Thermometer Cons
- Needs to be hand washed to avoid damaging it.
- Needs to be re-calibrated, if it goes off. Not a difficult procedure but sometimes necessary.
The Rattleware: Reliable and Durable
I use a Rattleware thermometer nowadays. I find it easy to use, there are red and green zones on the dial, so it's difficult to go wrong. (Green zone equals just right, red means that the milk has burned!)
- I was born and raised in England and appreciate the measurements being in both Fahrenheit and Celsius.
- It works well with the larger pitcher that I use nowadays.
- It's NSF approved.
- Feels solid and durable.
- Mine needed re-calibration on arrival, probably due to being shaken up during shipping. (There are calibration instructions on the sleeve.)
The CDN IRB220-F ProAccurate Insta-Read: Perfect for a Smaller Pitcher
CDN Insta-Read Pros
- I've tried it for making yogurt and it worked just great. It's also great for candy and deep-frying and other high temperature cooking.
- I've seen complaints online about the size of the dial, but I've found it easy to see when milk reaches right temperature.
CDN Insta-Read Cons
- The clip worked well for a year or so, but became a little loose after repeated use.
- Needs calibrating occasionally (not difficult but may put some people off)
Once you wake up and smell the coffee, it's hard to go back to sleep.
— Fran Drescher
A Brief History of Coffee
According to legend, coffee first came to the attention of people in the Ethiopian highlands in the 9th century, when a goat herder named Kaldi noticed that his animals became more lively when they ate the berries from a certain plant.
The truth of the legend is difficult to assess, but we do know that coffee originated in that region of the world and by the fifteenth century it was cultivated and imbibed as a drink in southern Yemen. By the sixteenth century coffee drinking had spread to Persia, Egypt, Syria and Turkey.
Coffee houses, known as "qahveh khaneh" started to spring up in cities across the Near East. People would drink coffee, socialize and talk, enjoy music, watch performances, play chess and catch up on the latest news of the day.
By the 17th century, coffee had made its way to Europe. There was some suspicion and controversy over the dark drink, however, and there were calls to ban the beverage, until Pope Clement VIII condoned its use in 1600.
Coffee houses sprung up in England, France, Germany, Austria and Holland, and quickly becoming centers of social activity and interaction. Artists, brokers and merchants would meet there. In many places, women were banned from coffee houses at this time.
Coffee arrived in New York (then known as New Amsterdam) in the mid-1600's, and just as with Europe, coffee houses quickly began to appear everywhere. Tea was still the most popular drink, however, until the colonists rebelled against a heavy tax imposed on tea imposed by the English in 1773. After that, American loyalty switched to coffee.
Demand for coffee continued to grow. For centuries the cultivation and trade of the dark bean was controlled by the Arabs, but in the late 1600s the Dutch got hold of some young seedlings and began cultivating crops on the island of Java.
Coffee cultivation continued to spread around the world. By the finish of the 18th century, it had turned into one of the world's most profitable export crops.
I don't know how people live without coffee, I really don't.
— Martha Quinn
© 2015 Paul Goodman