How to Make Wine From Grape Juice

Updated on July 3, 2018
Paraglider profile image

I currently live in Qatar, play guitar and make my own wine and cider.

Learn how you can make wine from supermarket juice.
Learn how you can make wine from supermarket juice. | Source

Welcome to the Home Winery

In this article, I'm going to walk you through a safe and reliable method of making fresh, wholesome wine from supermarket grape juice. The recipe provided uses no special equipment, chemicals or artificial additives.

Why bother making your own wine?

I live in an Islamic country where wine is not a supermarket commodity. But in most countries, wine is a supermarket commodity, in which case, why make your own? You will have your own reasons for making wine from grape juice, but here are a few of mine:

  • It's a fun time, feels creative and fills the kitchen with summery smells.
  • It's very cheap, wholesome and surprisingly good.

Preservative-Free Wine

Guaranteed! This wine will contain no chemical additives or artificial preservatives. That is a promise you will not hear from many commercial winemakers. Your wine is made with pure fruit juice and therefore (if drunk in moderation), will do you nothing but good.

What You'll Need for Winemaking

The good news is, you will hardly need any equipment at all.

You will need:

  • One 5-litre (or 1-gallon) plastic drinking water container (not five separate bottles)
  • One plastic pouring funnel
  • Four 1-litre (2-pint) cartons of red or white grape juice with no preservatives
  • 500 grams (18 ounces) of ordinary, granulated white sugar
  • One sachet of general-purpose wine yeast

Can you use any kind of yeast to make wine?

No. It is very important that you do not use any other kind of yeast to make your wine. Baking yeast will ferment, however, it is likely to stop too soon, leaving you with an oversweet, understrength concoction (often with a bready smell). Much the same is true of brewer's yeast, except the product will smell like beer. What a surprise!

If you are lucky enough to have a winemaker's supplier nearby, that's where to find your wine yeast. Don't be intimidated by the expert salesperson—one sachet of general-purpose wine yeast is all you need. If they offer you Campden tablets, vitamin B6, a hydrometer, a thermometer, a fermentation trap and a snake of plastic tubing, just smile sweetly and say 'no'.

If you have no local winemaker's supplier, there are plenty of online resources available listed under 'winemaking supplies'. As for me, I get my wine yeast and other supplies directly from Amazon.

Lalvin Dried Wine Yeast EC #1118 (Pack of 10)
Lalvin Dried Wine Yeast EC #1118 (Pack of 10)

This is all the wine yeast you'll ever need. It is a quick starter and a good fermenter with a wide temperature tolerance. Originally a champagne yeast, it clears and settles well. Best of all—it's very cheap!

 

Let's Get Started

Your grape juice should be kept at room temperature, not in the fridge. If you have placed your grape juice in the fridge, make sure to take it out and let it get back to room temperature before continuing with the wine-making process.

Drink or dispose of the 5 litres of water. Most people prefer to do this over a few days. When the bottle is empty, there is no reason to rinse it out. It's clean because it was full of drinking water, remember?

Wine made from grape juice with no preservatives is both tasty and healthy.
Wine made from grape juice with no preservatives is both tasty and healthy. | Source

Day 1: Warm the Juice and Add the Yeast

Pour about half of your first carton of grape juice into the empty 5-litre bottle.

Add one teaspoonful of wine yeast, put the top on the bottle and shake it to buggery. (This is the correct technical term for this process as used by winemakers around the world, though a small handful still refer to it as aeration.)

Leave the 5-litre bottle in a warmish place and take the rest of the day off. (Yeast is a living organism. Its comfort zone is much like ours. Think short-sleeve temperature. You don't need to keep it in the dark, but direct sunlight will spoil it.)

Day 2: Prepare the Sugar Syrup

You'll notice the 5-litre bottle will have started bubbling. Add the other half carton of the first juice as well as one other full carton, so the 5-litre bottle is now a little under half full. Tighten the bottle cap then back it off half a turn. This is very important. Fermentation produces a lot of carbon dioxide gas which must be allowed to escape.

Take a 2-litre coke bottle and do whatever you want with the contents. I'm told it goes well with a Big Mac, whatever that is. We need it empty, that's all.

Pour 500 grams (18 ounces) of sugar into the empty coke bottle. A plastic funnel makes this a lot easier. Pour boiled tap water or drinking water onto the sugar until the bottle is about half full (1 litre or 2 pints). Shake it until all the sugar is dissolved. Don't add it to the wine yet.

Day 4-5: Combine All Components

By now, the wine should be fermenting well. Add one more carton of grape juice and all of the sugar syrup to the 5-litre bottle. The amount of liquid should still be below the shoulder of the bottle. Swirl the bottle to mix in the sugar syrup. Tighten the bottle cap then back it off half a turn, as before. That's it for today. You should still have one unopened carton of grape juice.

Coming along nicely
Coming along nicely | Source

Day 10 or So: Monitor Your Wine

By day 10 or so, the liveliest fermentation should have eased off, so it's safe to add the last carton of juice. The 5-litre bottle should be filled to the bottom of the neck. Do the same drill as mentioned before with the bottle cap. Now, you just have to wait. Check the bottle cap every day, and watch for bubbling, showing signs of completion. It typically takes another two or three weeks for the wine to be complete.

Final Days: Chill the Wine, Bottle and Enjoy!

When the bubbling in your 5-litre bottle has stopped (or at least slowed to the occasional bubble), place the bottle in the fridge (not the freezer!) and leave it for about three days. The cold temperature will halt the fermentation and help the yeast settle to the bottom of the bottle.

After three days have passed, line up enough empty bottles to hold the wine. Very, very carefully, so as not to disturb the sediment, pour the wine into the empty bottles using the funnel. It helps to have someone else hold the bottles while moving the funnel from bottle to bottle. Fill all the bottles in a single pass, without tipping the fermenting bottle. This way, you won't disturb the sediment.

The wine can be drunk straight away, but it will improve in the bottle for several months. It's best not to consider 'laying it down' or any such nonsense. It's not that sort of wine.

Cheers! You're now a winemaker.

My house red, reflecting
My house red, reflecting | Source

Will It Be Any Good?

I'll be honest, your homemade wine may taste like a decent vin ordinaire, which is expected and acceptable. It will be on par with the staple drink of millions of everyday folk throughout Europe—because that's what we're making—everyday wine.

It is, of course, possible to make truly fine wine. But to do this, you will need to follow a slightly more involved procedure:

  • Buy a hillside with an ideal aspect, as well as good soil and climate.
  • Terrace the hillside and plant your vines.
  • Protect the vines from frosts, hailstorms, insects and neighbors.
  • Oh, and start about thirty years ago!

Of course, the above is not our goal for this article. Making wine from grape juice is a much simpler and less time-consuming solution to making a steady supply of wine.

Comments Are Welcome

Before asking a question, why not read through the comments below? I have already answered many questions, so you may find your answer is already there!

If you do try making wine by this method and run into any problem, describe it in a comment and I'll do my best to help, or at least explain what's gone wrong.

If you have a go and it works out well (which is most likely), share your success to encourage others to join the winemaking community.

I'm also happy to answer queries about home winemaking. Although my starter method is simple, it is based on sound principles. Advanced winemaking involves more equipment and processes. If the interest is there, I'll base a few more articles on the finer points.

Questions & Answers

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      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        3 weeks ago from Kyle, Scotland

        No, but you will have to do a lot of shaking to dissolve the sugar! Honey is easier.

      • profile image

        yazzzz 

        3 weeks ago

        Do u boil the cranberry juice though ?

      • profile image

        yazzzz 

        2 months ago

        drooling over the recipe, thanks Dr Dave, in the process , will keep you posted on the results, thanks a million

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        2 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Hi Yazzz, just follow the red wine method but use cranberry juice instead of water to dissolve the sugar. If you want, instead of 500g sugar you can use 250g sugar and 250g honey. It will take a little longer to finish and clear, but I like it. KDD grape juice, any cranberry with no preservatives.

      • profile image

        yazzzz 

        2 months ago

        Hey Dr. Dave,

        thanks again for the great blog. we cant thank you enough. i want to try your cranberry/grapr blend tha you have mentioned earlier. whats your recipe including the juice brands you are using. xoxo

        Yaz

      • profile image

        Ahmed 

        2 months ago

        Dear Dave,

        First of all, thank you so much for this blog. It changed my lifestyle and saved me a lot of money.

        I have two questions regarding a previous patch and a current one.

        Previous patch: I followed your instructions and completed 3 full weeks after day 10. However, I couldn’t leave the container in the fridge and left it for 5 days in a very cold closed room. The wine turned out very good but it has a lot of carbon bubbles. I tried to shake the bottles to release the gas, it get reduced but not total gas release. What do you think think went wrong? Is it the refrigerator step?

        Current patch: i am using 12L container as well using the yeast from previous patch with same container. Unfortunately, I couldn’t do the work of day 10 for traveling reason and now it is day 19. Is it okay to pour juice as in day 10? Do you think it is safe to reuse the same container?

        Thank you so much once again.

      • profile image

        KSA expat 

        4 months ago

        Thanks!

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        4 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Lorraine - yes, but use 750g of sugar, not 500. I prefer a grape/cranberry blend, but if you fancy the pure cranberry, go for it!

      • profile image

        Lorraine 

        4 months ago

        can i use the same recipe to make cranberry wine from 100%

        cranberry juice

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        4 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        KSA first, thanks for the supportive message! White wine is all about freshness, brightness, youth ;) Reds can be heavier and deeper in flavour. True white wine can only be made with freshly pressed grape juice. Supermarket juice is always pasteurised. This process makes it darker and heavier. The freshness is gone forever. You'll never replicate the gooseberry crispness of a Pinot Grigio using pasteurised juice. You are right. The reds work better.

        Using harvested yeast, there are no special procedures to follow. The main thing is to sterilise the small bottle you keep it in before you harvest it.

      • profile image

        KSA expat 

        4 months ago

        Hi Dave - I just wanted to say thanks, I have been revisiting this page regularly since 2014 when I first came to Saudi Arabia and still it is my go to reference.

        As there are now 873 comments I have to apologize for asking what I’m sure has already been asked:

        1) I find that following the recipe with red grape juice yields a terrific result, but doing the same with white grape juice does not seem to turn out as good. Is this just my personal taste or do you have any tips or tweaks when using white versus red? I note that I have never been a wine connoisseur so maybe this is how it’s supposed to be.

        2) what’s the process for harvesting used yeast? I read your comment about capping the used yeast in the fridge but what is the procedure for using this for subsequent batches? Anything particular that needs to be done to the mud?

        Thanks many millions!

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        5 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Very unlikely, if it smells & tastes wholesome.

      • profile image

        Ed 

        5 months ago

        I followed the instructions. I think I’m getting diarrhea from the wine. Is there anything that could have gotten wrong in the process and caused the diarrhea?

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        5 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Did you read the article?

      • profile image

        paooo 

        5 months ago

        how long is the process?

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        5 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Ahmad - nothing to worry about. These are clumps of yeast. They will settle to the bottom as a sediment towards the end of fermentation.

      • profile image

        Ahmad 

        5 months ago

        Hello Dave.

        I’m using white grape juice, it’s day 5 now, and as I’m adding the third bottle of juice and the syrup, I noticed many weird white-yellowish pieces in the gallon.

        Should I worry about it? Should I just start from scratch?

        Please advise.

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        7 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Hector, nothing to worry about. Fermenting wine is pushing CO2 gas out through the loose cap. Smoke can't swim upstream against that current. But try not to set your house on fire too often, ok?

      • Hector Sanchez profile image

        Hector Sanchez 

        7 months ago

        I didn't want to return so soon, because you've already provided a lot of great advice. But something unexpected happened and you're the only one I can turn to.

        I was cooking a pizza in the oven, then all of a sudden.

        My smoke detector went off. So I run downstairs and there's a cloud of smoke. I have 2 gallons fermenting in a closet next to the kitchen. Do you think the smoke will do something funky to my wine? Thanks for everything Dave.

        P.S. Everything else came out tasting good, but now i'm worried that I'll have to restart.

      • John Dove profile image

        John Dove 

        7 months ago

        Thank you for your great suggestions. I copied it off to a note on my laptop. I will try it!3

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        8 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Hi John - I'm not a great fan of mulled wine, but this one you might like: Pour one bottle of our home made red into a glass bowl. Add one wine glass of Bacardi Black Rum. Add a sachet of your preferred mulled wine spice (or your own blend of cinnamon, cloves, etc). Cover the bowl with a plate and warm it in the microwave for 30 to 45 seconds. (Don't heat it in a pan and don't let it boil!). Let me know what you think?

      • John Dove profile image

        John Dove 

        8 months ago

        Hi Dave, me again!

        The holiday season is approaching -- always a good time for enjoying wine, and hot mulled drinks. Do you make any special holiday wines concoctions?

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        8 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Hi Ahmad - glad you liked the honey blend.

        The listening test is useful, towards the end of the fermentation. You might also see small bubbles if you shine a bright torch through the wine. I think there's no problem.

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        8 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Hector - cold will slow a fermentation down considerably but it will not kill yeast the way heat can. As long as a brew is fermenting, the backed off cap will prevent oxidation, so no worries on that score.

        Fermentation generates its own heat, by the way, so in a cold environment, lagging the fermenting vessel in a blanket can trap this heat and keep the liquid temperature several degrees above ambiance.

      • profile image

        Ahmad 

        8 months ago

        As promised, I’ll share my experience with 2 Rauch and 2 KDD batch. It was Ok compared to my all KDD batch.

        Another batch I made with KDD and half sugar half honey; it was really great, the honey did give it bit of texture. Thanks Dave for the tip.

        I’m facing a problem with my latest batch. 4 days after day ten, the bubbles are gone, but when i open the gallon i can hear a bit of sparkling sound. I am not sure what this means or what to do in this case; knowing that the I have reused the sediment (yeast) from a previous batch.

        Please advise. Thanks.

      • Hector Sanchez profile image

        Hector Sanchez 

        8 months ago

        Hi Dave,

        Reading your step by step process was a lot easier than all the "mumbo jumbo" instructions I got from people's videos.

        I first experimented with homemade wine in the summer of 2015. Using the backed off cap method (of a Welch's bottle) with sugar and bread yeast. But now I've come to the reality that ordering wine yeast is the proper way of doing it.

        I'm curious about two things:

        1. Winter is on the way here in Pennsylvania and if my heat isn't on. The house can drop down to about 50 degrees.

        Could cold air ruin my grape juice, sugar and wine yeast concoction if my house isn't at least 70 degrees?

        2. If oxygen flew into the top of my closet where I keep my half gallons of wine that are fermenting, could the oxygen effect it?

        Thank you!

      • John Dove profile image

        John Dove 

        8 months ago

        Many thanks, Dave.

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        8 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        A sachet is just a small packet. Wine yeast is often sold in individual small packets each containing about a level teaspoonful.

      • John Dove profile image

        John Dove 

        8 months ago

        Hi Dave--

        Great description of step by step process. I like wine but I can honestly say that I've only once had a taste of homemade wine and it wasn't too bad.

        You do have to be disciplined and follow instructions exactly. Sounds like a lot of work. Just might try it.

        I'll add you to my "follow" list. By the way, what is a sachet?

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        9 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Ahmad - no, the cheesecloth won't catch the suspended particles and there shouldn't be any bigger pieces for it to catch anyway. So it's just something else to sterilize!

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        9 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Ahmad - if the KDD finised sweet, I think you may have stopped it too early. It does contain more sugar than Rauch and so needs more time to finish to dryness, then it will be stronger too.

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        9 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Joseph - it will lie in the range 12 +/- 1, depending on the juice you use and assuming you let the fermentation finish.

      • profile image

        Joseph 

        9 months ago

        Sorry my previous question was to the author Dave..

      • profile image

        Joseph 

        9 months ago

        Hi Ahmed,

        Im from India, So how much alcohol does this method have? is it normal 12-14% or lesser than that?

      • profile image

        Ahmad 

        9 months ago

        Do you think it’s a good idea to use a cheesecloth to filter the wine while pouring into the plaster funnel?

      • profile image

        Ahmad 

        9 months ago

        One more question Dave.

        After bottling the wine, Is it better to keep the wine bottles in the fridge? Or is it better to keep them in room temperature?

        I prefer it cold, but I don’t know if it affects the wine.

      • profile image

        Ahmad 

        9 months ago

        Dave, I’ve noticed that Rauch seems to ferment better (more bubbling) than KDD. But KDD looks and tastes better.

        I’m not sure, but i think Rauch turned out to be dry, while KDD i think is what’s called sweet wine.

        My question is, although I used the same amount of sugar in both batches (KDD vs Rauch), does it mean the KDD batch had less alcohol than Rauch since KDD had less bubbles? because Rauch seemed to ferment better.

        p.s. my next batch I’m mixing 2 KDD + 2 Rauch. I’ll share the result when it’s done in a few weeks.

      • profile image

        Felon 

        9 months ago

        How do I harvest the yeast from the bottle?

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        9 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Ahmad - half and half, 250 g each of honey and sugar, added together at the same stage in the method. Not all honeys have the same flavour, so use one that you like. A clear one of course, not cloudy or hard.

      • profile image

        Ahmad 

        9 months ago

        Thank you Dave. The wine turned out to taste really good, I’m surprised.

        Do you recommend I try using honey instead of sugar next time? If yes, how can measure it?

        Thanks again, you’re a life saver.

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        9 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Yes, give it 3 days in the fridge to clear it.

      • profile image

        Ahmad 

        9 months ago

        I think I should clarify. By “three days before two weeks” I mean 12 days after day 10 the bubbling seems to have stopped completely.

      • profile image

        Ahmad 

        9 months ago

        Hi Dave,

        The bubbling completely stopped three days before two weeks. Is this normal? should I place it in the fridge now? It smells ok.

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        9 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Badrock - adding extra yeast does not give a higher alcohol yield. Also if using Baker's yeast, increasing the sugar addition more than stated in the method just increases the risk of early stoppage. Cold distillation works by reducing the water content but doesn't produce any extra alcohol and doesn't remove any impurities.

      • profile image

        Badrock 

        9 months ago

        Thank you dave I will try the recipe but with baker's yeast and with a higher dose for that hard fermentation can longer and also add sugar. And to tell you in my country impossible to procure yeast of wine. One can find that baker's yeast. And one last thing if I practice cold distillation is what it works and is what I can extract from pure alcohol with a high rate. Thanks again Dave for your advice.

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        9 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Badrock - Cider is usually in the 4 to 6 % alcohol range. Baker's yeast can easily achieve that, though a wine yeast will give a better quality result. Wine is usually 12 to 14 %. Baker's yeast is quite likely to stop fermenting early in this range, leaving an over-sweet result. Always use wine yeast for wine.

      • profile image

        Badrock 

        9 months ago

        hi dave i have a question is what it works with baker's yeast as used in apple juice to make cider. Thanks

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        10 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Hi Ahmad - yes, stick to the time plan. The bubbling always slows right down but if you stop too soon it will restart in the bottle later. KDD is a dark juice but looks OK in a glass. You'll see ;)

      • profile image

        Ahmad 

        10 months ago

        As for the Rauch white grape batch, there is still little bubbling, but the smell actually reminds of white wine. So I guess I'm on the right track.

      • profile image

        Ahmad 

        10 months ago

        Hello again Dave,

        My KDD red grape juice batch is in its 13th day. About 2 days after adding the last carton of juice, the bubbles have almost vanished. Now in day 13, there's only a very thin white line at the top in the form of a ring. I am wondering if I should stick to your instructions and give it a couple of weeks more, or take it to the firdge already.

        Another thing is the color. It's too dark, I'm not sure if this is normal.

        Please advise.

        I'm sorry for asking too many questions, but this is my first time making wine.

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        10 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Give it a few more days to pick up. If there are no off smells, it could still be OK. The only sure way to check if it is fermenting is with a hydrometer, but I guess you don't have one of these.

      • profile image

        Ahmad 

        10 months ago

        The temperature was the same as the red grape juice which is working fine. And the yeast brand is the same as well.

        Maybe i should wait and see?

      • profile image

        Ahmad 

        10 months ago

        I wish I could post a picture to show you. There's a little bit of bubbling going on, but I'm wondering if I should keep it or dispose of it. And if i keep it, how can i make sure that it's actually fermenting well.

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        10 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Ahmad - Rauch white grape juice should ferment well. It's possible your yeast was old or you added it when the juice temperature was too high? The red sounds fine though!

      • profile image

        Ahmad 

        10 months ago

        The Rauch white grape juice is showing a little bit of bad bubbling. But nothing compared to the red grape juice.

        I hope it's normal, or maybe the fermentation takes more time with the white grapes in this case.

      • profile image

        Ahmad 

        10 months ago

        And i am also using Rauche red grape juice, and i believe its fermenting very well i can see the bubbles.

      • profile image

        Ahmad 

        10 months ago

        I'm following your instructions using Rauche white grape juice. But I don't see any bubbles on the top. And this is the 5th day. Is it normal. I'm in Kuwait so I don't have wine making tools.

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        10 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Thanks yazzzz, for the appreciative comments and the Ceres white juice tip. That's a brand I haven't used, so I'll give it a go.

      • profile image

        yazzzz 

        10 months ago

        Has - i have experimented with every white grapes juices available in the GCC market, CERES white grapes would give you a Crystal Clear white wine literally crystal clear no joke.

        Dave - i would like to share my Pear juice and yeast harvesting experiments with you ,

        Pear Juice thanks to your tips it was saved despite the ugly looking pulps that was at the top through the whole fermentation period but it was falling down towards the last week and it rested at the bottom once entered the fridge , the wine turned up good in terms of taste but too foggy.

        Yeast Harvesting is the best thing i learned through wine making, i tried it with rauch red grapes, i harvested the yeast twice , the third generation resulted a crystal clear red wine with a lovely colour and the taste was amazingly fruity , its the best batch i have ever made , its so good that id rather keep it for my personal use and share it only with people who r essential to us :-) so harvesting does improve your wine and makes u save on yeast unless ur trying different juices.

        thank you again mate you have taught me a new hobby , the knowledge shall be passed and credits shall be preserved Mr. Dave the Wine Guru

        Regards

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        11 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Has - I used to make beer at home, from first principles, using malted barley and hops, but you won't be able to source these in the Gulf. Some people buy alcohol free beer, add sugar and yeast and re-ferment it, bottling it towards the end of fermentation before it is completely flat. You can try this, but I've never been impressed with the results. I prefer to stick to wine and cider.

      • profile image

        Has 

        11 months ago

        Dear Dave,

        I've been using your instructions exclusively for over a year (was my first attempt at winemaking) and guess what? My neighbours reckon I've been doing this for years. Almost everyone who had my wine stopped liking their own. I've made red, white and rose. Ok I am not too impressed with the whites mainly because of the color, I like my whites crisp and clear, but the juice doesn't help..for rose, I mix 5pct of red with the white, it's not bad.

        I've had the wine anywhere between immediately to 4 months later, and discovered that between 3 to 4 months, its amazing, smooth, fruity, dry. Also helps if I pour it out into a jug before serving.

        For the batches where quality wasn't facsinating (can't say why really it is what it is) I make it into sangria's! No one complains and the ladies love it.

        Just wanted to say SHUKRAN, thank you. So many fun evenings in the driest country in GCC! and encourage everyone to keep at it, don't give up!

        Now I'd like to give beer a try..all the recipes I found online are nowhere as simple or require kits etc. do you have any instructions for beer? (Hint hint...driest country in GCC..no kits etc)

        Ps: I can manage yeast..by post

        Thanks again

      • profile image

        Crouchy 

        11 months ago

        Hi again.

        Thanks for the quick advice. It was wine yeast. I'll let it rest for a good while then.

        Brgds

        CC

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        11 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Crouchy - if it was baking yeast, it would give a yeasty taste that you'll just have to live with. If it was a wine yeast, probably there is still some in suspension in the young wine. Time is the best remedy for this. Give it a few weeks rest.

      • profile image

        Crouchy 

        11 months ago

        Hi there.

        Thanks for easy guide. I've just bottled four ltrs of red after pretty much following your instructions. Only difference being i used glass bottle with air lock and as it was only four ltr i gently warmed the third ltr of grape juice with the sugar and some honey instead of water, allowed it cool and added. It has turned out by no means horrible but has a yeasty taste. The only thing i can think of is my yeast was a couple of months out if date. Would some dead yeast cause the taste and is there any way to get rid of it.

        Many thanks.

        CC

      • profile image

        yazzzz 

        11 months ago

        Thanks a million ,

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        11 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        I would probably go with white grape juice, but technically either will do. The puree might sink in the fridge but if it doesn't, you may have to siphon the wine instead of pouring it.

      • profile image

        yazzzz 

        11 months ago

        Hey Dave,

        Thanks for ur advise , I've added the squeezed lemon on day 2 with 1.5 L of the same juice Pear.

        Then added 1 L white grapes juice along with the 1L sugar dissolved in water mix on day 4

        It's fermenting well except that the purée is on the top layer , do u think it will settle with the sediment at the final stage in the fridge? I still have to add juice on day 10 , shall I add another white grapes or stick to pear ?

        Regards

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        12 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Just add the juice of one large lemon as early as you like. I would also use at least some grape juice, not pear on its own. But it's your experiment!

      • profile image

        yazzzz 

        12 months ago

        Thanks for your reply , when would you recommend adding it and in substitute of what and in what amount ? Sorry for the too many questions

        Regards

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        12 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Probably not, but if you want it to be at all wine-like, add some acidic juice - squeezed lemons or oranges.

      • profile image

        yazzzz 

        12 months ago

        Dear Dave

        I've decided to experiment on CERES pear juice and after I started day 1 I realized that the juice is 100% but with pear purée. Would the purée be a problem !!????

        Regards

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        12 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Kmtt - a water bubble airlock could dry out in a month and expose the wine to the air. By day 20 there is not much fermentation left, so I would close the screw cap almost fully but not quite. when the fermentation stops, that is a better protection than a dried out airlock.

      • profile image

        Kmtt 

        12 months ago

        I miscalculated. On day 20 I am leaving on repat for a month. Would it be ok to set it up with airlock and leave it in the plastic jugs until I get back?

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        12 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Screw the cap down and leave it for a day. If the fermentation has not fully stopped, next day when you reopen the cap you will see and hear a small pressure release. If you do, repeat for another day or two. If not, refrigerate it.

      • profile image

        Steve K. 

        12 months ago

        Hi Dave, it's about 10 days since the last carton went in, but the fermentation has stopped. It's a bit earlier than I expected, and I read your comment about refrigerating too early...wondering if I should put it into the fridge or wait another few days to be sure fermentation has ended.

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        12 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Both have disappeared from the shelves in Qatar, thanks to the blockade!

      • profile image

        yazzzz 

        12 months ago

        U mean white grapes KDD and almarai? Cuz I can't find any !!!

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        12 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Hi yazzzz - There's no strict limit, but there's no advantage in going beyond a week. Best to get it off its sediment when it has fallen clear. For white wine, Almarai and KDD are both good.

      • profile image

        yazzzz 

        12 months ago

        Dear Dave ,

        Thank u again and again , started leaving my batches 1 day longer in the fridge so total 4 days in the fridge , it becomes more clear with a lovely color. What's the maximum days I can leave a batch in the fridge before bottling?

        What's ur favorite juice to use for white wine?

        Regards,

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        12 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Khan - better to order it, as Yalm just said. If you don't want to risk it, you can try growing a culture from fresh grapes. If you read earlier comments, I explain how to do that.

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        12 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Yalm - yes, put it in the fridge if it has completely stopped. Should be fine.

      • profile image

        YALM 

        12 months ago

        Khan u can order it on amazon or eBay , it's safe , they write nutrient supplements on the package

      • profile image

        khan 

        12 months ago

        i also live in a muslim country where no access of wine yeast , can i use bread yeast or let it ferment at its own

      • profile image

        YALM 

        12 months ago

        Hey Dave,

        I got a problem with my batch , I ran out of grapes juice at the last step day 10 , so I filled it up with a 100 ml of wine from previous batch , the bubbling totally stopped 11 days after that which 3 days remaining for two weeks , what shall I do put it in the fridge ????

        Regards

      • profile image

        Garrett 

        12 months ago

        Dave,

        Thanks again for the quick reply. It looks like it died back down and is out of the airlock. There's still a slight bubble film on top, but not too bad.

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        12 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        You are sure it wasn't just too full? If it was full in the fridge then it will expand into the airlock as it warms up. Secondary fermentation shouldn't occur unless you refrigerated it too soon.

      • profile image

        Garrett 

        12 months ago

        Hey Dave!

        Thanks for your last speedy reply. I just moved my wine from the fridge into another gallon jar for the oaking process. I boiled the oak spiral in some water and added both to the container, filling to the top, with an airlock.

        After the first day of sitting at room temperature, it looks like I have some secondary fermentation going on, and some wine has flowed up into the air lock. Is this normal? Or should I be oaking in the fridge?

        Thanks again!

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        13 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Hi yazzzz - Go forth and spread the word. . . Seriously though, wine-making has to be one of the very few pursuits that actually saves you money! That's right about the yeast adapting to the environment. And by starting a new one from the lees of the last one, you tend to get a faster start with less risk of contamination. Keep experimenting, and if you haven't already found it, I suggest reading my page on controlling alcoholic strength: https://delishably.com/beverages/How-Strong-is-my-... Onwards & upwards...

      • profile image

        yazzzz 

        13 months ago

        dear dave , thank you very very much , u made our survival in here more entertaining,

        a feed back on the re-using of the left over yeast.

        it worked perfectly and i dont need yeast no more, i did a research on it and apparently the more you keep re-using ur yeast the better the results. as it adapts to ur environment. and makes the best out of it.even the fermentation looks more active and bubbly. good luck to all its worth the try and its fun.

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        13 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Garrett - I wouldn't worry about it. Fermenting wine is full of carbon dioxide and suspended yeast which mask the emerging wine flavours. Just keep following the steps to the end. The very lively fermentation rarely lasts more than a week.

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        13 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Hi yazzzz - from now on, keep the cap tight but occasionally open it briefly in case there is a pressure build up from final fermantation.

      • profile image

        Garrett 

        13 months ago

        Hey Dave! Awesome article, and I'm glad I stumbled across it.

        However, I'm a little discouraged. My fermentation really started slowin down at around day 7 or 8, so I figured the "day 10 or so" step was just happening a little early. Out of curiosity, before I topped it off with the last bottle of grape juice, I took a sterile eye dropper and sampled some of the must from the topmost layer. It didn't taste much like wine! More like a hard liquor! Not much grape flavor and a high-alcohol taste. The wine's color and everything looks ok.

        Where did I go wrong? I was very excited about this batch. Can it be saved? Is the must even supposed to taste good? I have campden tabs and an oak spiral that may correct it a little, but wanted your input.

        Thanks!

      • profile image

        yazzzz 

        13 months ago

        Final stage , 3rd week is due today, shall I put them in the fridge with the cap tightened up or loose??? The smell is very promising , kdd looks richer and darker than Rauch.

        Regards,

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        14 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Yazzz - If you pour carefully getting a friend to move the funnel from bottle to bottle, you should get 4 full clear litres. The 5th one, keep pouring until the sediment starts to come across, then stop. This last bottle will be about half full. It is your immediate reward for early sampling. The 4 full ones, try to keep them a bit longer to improve. Pour away the muddy wine that's left behind, then use about a teaspoonful of the thickest mud to start another batch. If you don't want to start one immediately, keep it in a small capped bottle in the fridge.

      • profile image

        YALM 

        14 months ago

        hi dave

        you said below if we want to use 1 sachet of yeast for 2 batches we shall allow a day at the start, when exactly? shall i leave it with the cap tightened for 2 days as day 1 the cap has to be tightened. or?

        thanks for the great article.

      • profile image

        yazzzz 

        14 months ago

        1- how much shall i leave in the original 5 l bottle when bottling my wine?

        id like more details on how can i re-use the sediment after the batch is done? u said a tea spoon would do but wouldn it be a liquid mix of sediment and wine? do i empty it into another small container or bowl before taking a teaspoon out?

        regards

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        14 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        Completely normal. It is just yeast.

      • profile image

        yazzzz 

        14 months ago

        Day 9

        Residues started to form on the top part of the bottles , is it normal?

        Regards

      • Paraglider profile imageAUTHOR

        Dave McClure 

        14 months ago from Kyle, Scotland

        yazzzz, it sounds as though both are doing fine. The cap just needs to be loose enough to let the gas escape without a pressure building up in the vessel.

      • profile image

        yazzzz 

        14 months ago

        Dear Dave

        Guess I freaked out for no reason , the minute I added the juice for day 3 in KDD batch the yeast became very active and expanded like how the rauch was doing. Now another question after tighten the cap and loosen it half turn , it feels very loose like the cap can be moved around freely with a little touch. Is it ok ?

        P.S. sorry for asking too many questions , it's my 1st experiment ever. Thank you for your patience

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