The Difference Between Organic, Pastured, And Free Range Eggs

With so many different labels of eggs, such as “organic” and “free range,” it can get a bit confusing as to which ones taste better and which ones are healthier. And then there are the ones without any marketing claim, aside from the big stamp "JUMBO EGGS". This article will help you understand the different labels in the supermarket.

Growing up I thought eggs were simply…eggs. My first introduction to fresh organic pastured eggs was from my fiancé’s aunt. I picked her up from the bus station and noticed her gripping a box firmly, but carefully. Of course I was curious as to what type of goodies she brought for us from Vegas, her hometown. “They’re fresh eggs! My chickens had fresh eggs yesterday!” I thought to myself, You have chickens? Like, pet chickens?! And the eggs…they came from your chickens?! 

Can you tell which egg yolk has more nutrients?

The egg on the top is a conventional egg. The one on the bottom is a pastured egg. Notice the deep colored yolk!
The egg on the top is a conventional egg. The one on the bottom is a pastured egg. Notice the deep colored yolk! | Source

When we got home, we immediately fried a few, and scrambled the rest. Oh…my…goodness… let me tell you…I have been missing out. Of course they tasted like eggs, but with a special “oomph” to it. That night, I counted chicken eggs instead of sheep before falling asleep.

These pastured eggs are richer in color and flavor, with a deep orange yolk. They may be different in size and color, but the one thing that remained consistent was the pleasant surprise that woke up my taste buds.

Pastured chicken eggs are the best choice and they will give you more bang for the buck. They have more nutrients than conventional eggs!

Pastured Chicken Egg Nutrition

Eggs are probably among the best source of protein. Egg whites contain a lot of the amino acids while the yolk is rich with vitamins and minerals.

According to a study from 2007 Mother Earth News egg testing project, conventional store bought eggs are nutritionally inferior to pastured eggs. Compared to official U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) nutrient data for commercial eggs, eggs from hens raised on pasture may contain:

1⁄3 less cholesterol
1⁄4 less saturated fat
2⁄3 more vitamin A
2 times more omega-3 fatty acids
3 times more vitamin E
7 times more beta carotene
4-6 times more vitamin D

Chicken farm utopia...


Chicken feed may be your feed too!

Did you know that chickens are naturally omnivores, and should be eating bugs, insects, and grub, which in essence produces nutrient-rich eggs? They are not vegetarians!

Chicken farmers may add soy and corn to their chicken’s diet, pumping them up with GMO (Genetically Modified Organisms)! These ingredients are much cheaper than animal products.

The reality of it...

This is a common chicken farming environment!
This is a common chicken farming environment!

Tricks to tell if the eggs are fresh

1. Hard boil them. Store eggs that have been on the shelf for a long time will cause evaporation of the whites, which is why the white shell is easy to peel off. Fresh eggs will be hard to peel because the whites are pressed hard against the shell.

2. Put it in a bowl of cold water. If it sinks to the bottom and lies on its side, it’s fresh. If it stands up, it’s about 1-2 weeks old. If it floats, it’s an old egg.

The traditional method of raising chickens is ecologically sustainable, humane, and produces the tastiest, most dense and nutritious eggs.

So What's The Difference?

Conventional eggs

  • Chicken farming is all about PROFITS. Don’t be fooled by clever marketing phrases on the cartons. A box of eggs with a picture of a pretty chicken frolicking on a green grassy field with the wording, “Fresh Eggs” is tricky and deceiving. It translates to “Miserable Chickens: buy these eggs so we can make more money while you eat a low-nutrient egg.”
  • Chickens are raised in factories where they are crowded together in a very confined area, trampling on each other every day. Some are kept in individual cages with no room to move. It might have never crossed your mind, but this is a potential breeding condition for bacteria and disease!
  • Well by golly, there goes the farmer’s profit if some of the chickens died! So what do they do to prevent that from happening? They stuff antibiotics down their system, which means some of these antibiotics can end up in your eggs. Hormones can also be given to boost up their egg production. It makes sense from a profit perspective, since more laid eggs equal more profit.

Pastured eggs

  • Pastured eggs are laid by chickens that are raised on the green pasture, with access to the sun, bugs, and fresh air. The chickens eat a natural omnivore diet full of bugs, the way Mother Nature wanted them to do.

Cage free

  • Cage-free systems are still not the best, considering they are still living in crowded hen houses. This means they are trampling around in their own feces and other chicken’s feces. They have no room to move or even spread their wings. No fresh air, no sunlight.

Free range

  • You would think the next best thing is free range. You immediately visualize beautiful landscapes of hens wandering around a green bed of beautiful grass with the sun shining on them all day. In fact, free range is not much different from cage free, with the exception of a tiny door or ramp that leads to another tiny area. They must have access to the outdoors. With thousands of chickens confined in one area, do you think they actually use that door?

Organic eggs

  • Organically raised chickens must be fed food that is free of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, hormones, and antibiotics. That must be good news right? Not necessarily. However, they are your next best choice if you don't have access to pastured eggs.
  • Read this article to learn more about organic eggs. You will be amazed!


  • This term may be used to imply that chickens are eating a “healthier” diet, when in fact they are eating corn, soybeans, and grain.

Omega 3 enhanced eggs

  • These chickens are fed a diet of flax seed or fish oils.

In conclusion, chickens that are free to run around and eat grass, bugs, and greens just lay a much superior egg. No egg produced in a large commercial egg factory/operation can compare. Of course you could eat more conventional eggs to reap the same amount of nutrition, but then you are adding more calories to your diet.

Small local farmers supply fresh eggs from chicken that are raised organically in a nice environment with a large open area. You might even be lucky enough to purchase the eggs on the same day they are laid. Find a local farmer in your area that raises chickens humanely. Ask questions and learn how the chickens are raised and fed. If you live in the city, and do not have access to a nearby farm, visit this non-profit website, Local Harvest, to learn about deliveries.

Copyright © 2012 Turtlewoman

Remember: happy and clean chickens produce the healthiest eggs!

These are my free range chickens...they produce smaller, but more flavorful and nutritious eggs EVERY DAY!
These are my free range chickens...they produce smaller, but more flavorful and nutritious eggs EVERY DAY! | Source

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Comments: What type of eggs do you eat? 23 comments

hush4444 profile image

hush4444 4 years ago from Hawaii

Wow, I had no idea how little I know about eggs! I'm going to make a point to find some locally. Thank you for such in interesting hub.

healthwealthmusic profile image

healthwealthmusic 4 years ago from Everywhere Online ~ Fingerlakes ~ Upstate New York

I love your hub! It is so true! I am not a huge egg fan, I mean, I do not absolutely LOVE eggs, but I agree 100% that organic pasture-raised eggs taste SO much better! And not to mention, they are also MUCH healthier! Thanks for writing about it to increase the awareness on this topic.

PDXKaraokeGuy profile image

PDXKaraokeGuy 4 years ago from Portland, Oregon

I always buy cage free eggs. they're more expensive but it tastes better and the chickens are treated better. Great hub!

Turtlewoman profile image

Turtlewoman 4 years ago from California Author

Thanks hush444, healthwealthmusic, PDXKaraokeGuy for stopping by and commenting! Hopefully I can reach out to more people regarding healthy and delicious eggs.

anonymous 4 years ago

Very informative, it is annoying at how cheeky big business is allowed to be with their use of words!

Thanks for SHARING.

cebutouristspot profile image

cebutouristspot 4 years ago from Cebu

Hmm I never knew if you treat chicken differently they lay egg that taste differently. A knowledge learn here in Hubpages. Thanks for sharing

rob_allen profile image

rob_allen 4 years ago from MNL, PH

We used to raise native chickens when I was a kid and they lay great tasting eggs. These eggs might be smaller but the quality is great :) Thanks for sharing this hub :)

Turtlewoman profile image

Turtlewoman 4 years ago from California Author

cebutouristpot- Thank you for commenting! Animals should be raised in the most natural conditions to produce the highest quality food. The actual chicken taste different too, but that will be saved for another Hub.:-)

rob_allen- That must have been fun raising chickens when you were younger! Yes, sometimes the eggs are smaller, come out in different sizes and color, the NATURAL way they should be. You just stuck a light bulb in my head to write another Hub about how "picture perfect" every produce looks on the supermarket.

jojokaya profile image

jojokaya 4 years ago from USA

I prefer free range chicken meat and egg. Very informative hub.

Turtlewoman profile image

Turtlewoman 4 years ago from California Author

Jojokaya, oh definitely, free range chicken taste way better!

moonlake profile image

moonlake 4 years ago from America

Lots of good information on eggs. We just had free range eggs yesterday. We buy our eggs from a lady that has chickens. The eggs are so big and many have double yolk. They are so good. Voted Up.

Turtlewoman profile image

Turtlewoman 4 years ago from California Author

Thanks moonlake! Wow...double yolk?! Double delicious!

alexadry profile image

alexadry 4 years ago from USA

I raise my own chicken and one of my neighbors was disgusted by the dark yolk! her loss!

Turtlewoman profile image

Turtlewoman 4 years ago from California Author

alexadry- I've always wanted to raise my own chickens too. I'm not sure if my Pit bull will get along with them. Yeah, her loss! You should print this article out and put it in her mailbox. :-)

Nare Anthony profile image

Nare Anthony 4 years ago

Oh Kim I have been really wondering about the difference. My neighbour sells eggs but I never liked to eat "homemade" eggs as the color is "weird" and it tastes differently. Once my mom bought eggs from a farmer and we found little blood inside, after that i absolutely don't eat that kind of eggs. However after your article I change my mind...

Turtlewoman profile image

Turtlewoman 4 years ago from California Author

Hi Nare, thanks for reading. I'm glad I can help clear some concerns you had about chicken eggs that are raised from home. And don't worry about the blood spot, it's not harmful. Just pick it out with a fork. It's interesting that you though it tasted weird. :-) I think they're creamier!

Crystal Tatum profile image

Crystal Tatum 4 years ago from Georgia

I've never been clear on the differences between these labels on eggs. Very good explanation. Voted up.

Turtlewoman profile image

Turtlewoman 4 years ago from California Author

Thank you for your vote, Crystal!

robyn cammer 3 years ago

Cage free and free-range can translate to: 5,000 or so chickens inside on a filthy floor breathing ammonia (stronger at ground level). If just a few of these chickens can actually get outside in an outdoor, dirt-floored (or worse) pen, they are considered "cage-free" and "free-range". This has nothing to do with their diet. The absolute worse feed nowadays is ALL NON-ORGANIC FEED. IT IS GMO IF NOT ORGANIC. If you do not know what GMO is, google and watch the film Genetic Roulette. You will change your diet quickly. The best chickens are pasture-range with organic feed supplementation, plus organic fruits and veggies. I raise mine on Peaceful Valley Farm Supply rabbit and chicken forage grown in biodynamic compost. for pics

eurozulu profile image

eurozulu 3 years ago from Harrow Middlesex

I always buy free range eggs, but i do find most of the time eggs now really lack in taste.

hyp profile image

hyp 3 years ago

Great hub! I should try & buy pastured chicken eggs next time. :)

Kristen Howe profile image

Kristen Howe 20 months ago from Northeast Ohio

Great hub. There was a lot I didn't know about the different type of eggs. Well done and voted up! I'll buy pastured eggs next time around.

bravewarrior profile image

bravewarrior 7 weeks ago from Central Florida

Kim, this is a wonderful article. I love eggs and try to buy foods that are healthy and organic. After reading this, I see that "organic" isn't necessarily the best when it comes to eggs. I've downloaded the scorecard mentioned in the video and am looking into pastured eggs available in my area.

Thank you for the information. Much appreciated!

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    Kim Lam (Turtlewoman)909 Followers
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    Kim is a board-certified Holistic Health Coach, Healthy Living and Cleanse Consultant, and studied under Drs. Andrew Weil and Walter Willet.

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