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Candy Favorites From the 1800s Through the 1960s

Nostalgia is a look at what we loved, way back when. Teri is a journalist who enjoys writing about life and the cool stuff of yesteryear.


Sugar Buzz

Candy, candy, candy! Candy bars and sweet novelties have come and gone over the years; some were a “sign of the times” and others were … and are … timeless classics.

Many bars and single-piece candy novelties popular in the 1800s and early 1900s are still sold today—they are now manufactured by other companies. Although many items are long gone, some of these candy favorites do reappear on store shelves occasionally (and may be available for purchase on the internet).

A fond memory of my hometown candy shop is what led me to begin researching the candy manufacturers that brought us so many wonderful products over the last couple of centuries. What are your favorites and why? May those sweet memories of the past remain always in our present.


In the Beginning ...

Sweets have always been popular but it was in the mid to late 1800s when commercial candy went into wide-spread production in the United States. These brands got their start in the 19th century.

  • Beech-Nut chewing gum and mints; wintergreen, peppermint and fruit (Imperial Packing Company; Canajoharie, NY; founded 1891; several flavors discontinued)
  • Beeman’s/Beemans Original Pepsin Chewing Gum (Dr. Edward Beeman, 1897/American Chicle Company; Trenton, NJ; 1899; occasional availability)
  • Black Jack (Thomas Adams Company, 1870/American Chicle Company; Trenton, NJ; 1899; occasional availability)
  • Fralinger’s Salt Water Taffy (Joseph Fralinger; Atlantic City, NJ; circa 1885)
  • Good and Plenty (Quaker City Confectionery Company; Philadelphia, PA; 1893)
  • Juicy Fruit and Wrigley’s Spearmint Gum (Wrigley Company; Chicago, IL; 1893)
  • Tootsie Roll (Leo Hirschfield-Tootsie Roll Industries; Chicago, IL; 1896)
  • Twizzlers licorice (Young & Smiley Confectionery; Lancaster, PA; 1845)

In the 1900s

At the turn of the century and during the time of World War I, more products appeared on the market between 1900 and 1920. The 1900s brought us these favorites:

  • Butter-Nut (Hollywood Candy; Hollywood, MN; 1916)
  • Cadbury Dairy Milk Chocolate (Cadbury; United Kingdom; 1905)
  • Chase’s Cherry Mash (G. Chase Candy Company, St. Joseph, MO; 1918)
  • Chiclets peppermint chewing gum (Fleer/American Chicle Company; Trenton, NJ; 1906)
  • Clark Bar (D. L. Clark Company; Allegheny, PA; 1917)
  • Clove chewing gum (Thomas Adams Company/American Chicle Company; Trenton, NJ; 1914; occasional availability)
  • Goetze’s Caramel Creams/ Bulls Eyes (A & W Goetze; Baltimore, MD; 1917)
  • GooGoo Cluster (Standard Candy Company; Nashville, TN; 1912)
  • Idaho Spud Bar (Idaho Candy Company; Boise, ID; 1918)
  • Imperial Fruit Cocktail (Ferrara Pan; Chicago, IL; 1919)
  • Konabar (Peter Paul Candy Manufacturing Co.; New Haven, CT; 1919)
  • Lifesavers (Clarence Crane; Cleveland, OH; 1912)
  • Mary Jane Peanut Butter-Molasses Candies (Charles N. Miller Co./Stark Candy; Boston, MA; 1914)
  • Necco Wafers (Chase & Company, 1847/NECCO; Boston MA; 1912)
  • Sterling chewing gum (Sterling; New York, NY; circa 1915)

Business Is Booming

The economy was solid and times were good during the 1920s; candy companies in the United States were mostly profitable and some were expanding their businesses. These products hit the store shelves:

  • Baby Ruth (Curtiss Candy Company; Chicago IL; 1921)
  • Bit-O-Honey (Schutter-Johnson Company; Chicago, IL; 1924)
  • Black Cow (Holloway Candy Company; Chicago IL; 1926; occasional availability)
  • Butterfinger (Curtiss Candy Company; Chicago IL; 1923)
  • Charleston Chew (Fox-Cross Candy Company; Emeryville, CA; 1922)
  • Cherry Cocktail (Idaho Candy Company; Boise, ID; 1926)
  • Chuckles (F. W. Amend/Paul Beich Co.; Chicago, IL; 1921)
  • Dubble Bubble chewing gum (Fleer; Philadelphia, PA; 1928)
  • Fat Emma (Pendergrast Candy Co.; Minneapolis, MN; circa 1922)
  • Goobers (Blumenthal Chocolate Co.; Philadelphia, PA; 1925)
  • Heath English Toffee (L.S. Heath; Robinson, IL; 1928)
  • Lindy Bar (Lion Specialty Co.; Chicago, IL; 1920, 1927)

Candy Classics

  • Milk Duds (Hoffman & Company/Holloway; Chicago, IL; 1926)
  • Milk Shake (Hollywood Candy;Hollywood, MN; 1927)
  • Milky Way (Mars; Chicago, IL; 1923)
  • Mounds (Peter Paul Candy Manufacturing Co.; New Haven, CT; 1921)
  • Mr. Goodbar (Hershey Company; Derry Church, PA; 1925)
  • Oh Henry! (Williamson Candy Company; Chicago, IL; 1920)
  • OL Timer (Ucanco Candy; Davenport, IA; 1920s)
  • Old Faithful Bar (Idaho Candy Company;Boise, ID; 1925)
  • Papa Sucker/Sugar Daddy caramel sucker (Welch Company; Cambridge MA; 1925/1932)
  • Peter’s Chocolate Bar (P.C. Kohler-Swiss Chocolates Co; Fulton, NY; 1923)
  • Pez (Edward Haas; Vienna, Austria; 1927)
  • Raisinets (Blumenthal Chocolate Co., Philadelphia, PA; 1927)
  • Slo Poke caramel sucker (Holloway Candy Company; Chicago IL; 1926)
  • Sno-Caps (Blumenthal Chocolate Co., Philadelphia, PA; 1928)
  • Zero (Double Zero Bar) (Hollywood Brands; Minneapolis, MN; 1920)
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Sink or Swim

The Depression of the 1930s made it difficult for some companies to stay profitable or in business altogether; people were struggling just to buy nutritious food for their tables. For those who could afford the price of a candy bar, these were popular in the 1930s:

  • 3 Musketeers; (Mars; Chicago, IL; 1932)
  • 3 Pigs (Hollywood Candy; Centralia IL; 1930s)
  • 5th Avenue Bar (William Luden Co.; Reading, PA; 1936)
  • Aero Bar (Roundtree; York, England; 1937)
  • Amos & Andy candy bar (Williamson Candy Co.; Chicago, IL; 1930s)
  • Broadway (Ucanco Candy; Davenport, IA; 1930s)
  • Butterfinger (Curtiss Candy Company; Chicago IL; 1932)
  • Chase’s Black Walnut (G. Chase Candy Co.; St. Joseph, MO; 1930s)
  • Chase’s Candy Dogs (G. Chase Candy Co.; St. Joseph, MO; 1930s)
  • Chicken Dinner bar (Sperry Candy Co.; Milwaukee, WI; 1920s)
  • Chunky (Philip Silvershein/Wrigley; New York, NY; circa 1938)
  • Cold Turkey (Sperry Candy Co.; Milwaukee, WI; circa 1933)
  • Cool Breeze (Sperry Candy Co.; Milwaukee, WI; circa 1934)
  • Forever Yours (Mars; Chicago, IL; 1939)
  • Giants/Whoppers Malted Milk balls (Overland Candy; 1939 - Leaf; Chicago, IL; 1949)
  • Hail Candy (Hollywood Candy; Centralia IL; 1936)
  • Mallo Cup (Boyer; Altoona, PA; 1936)
  • Maltesers Chocolate Malted Balls (Mars; Chicago, IL; 1936)
  • Mickey Mouse Toasted Nut Chocolate (Wilbur-Suchard; Philadelphia, PA; circa 1935)
  • Oh Johnnie! (Ucanco Candy; Davenport, IA; 1930s)

More Candy Classics

  • PayDay (Frank Martoccio/Hollywood Candy; Hollywood, MN; 1932)
  • Rain (Hollywood Candy; Centralia IL; 1936)
  • Roundtree’s Chocolate Crisp/Kit Kat (Roundtree; York, England; 1935/1937)
  • Seven Up candy bar (Trudeau Candy Co.; St. Paul, MN; 1930s)
  • Sky Bar (NECCO; Boston MA; 1938)
  • Snickers (Mars; Chicago IL; 1930)
  • Snow Wonder (Candymasters, Inc; Minneapolis, MN; 1930s)
  • Spot (Hollywood Candy; Minneapolis MN; 1930)
  • Sugar Babies (Welch Company; Cambridge MA; 1935)
  • Walter Johnson’s Bucks (Walter Johnson Co; Chicago, IL; 1930s)
  • Valomilk (Sifers Candy Co.; Merriam, KS; 1931)
  • York Peppermint Pattie (York Cone Co.; York, PA; 1940)
  • Zagnut (D. L. Clark Company; Alleghany, PA; 1930)

War and Prosperity

In the early to mid 1940s, candy production increased during and following World War II. Penny-priced novelties, as well as nickel and dime candy bars, were sold by American companies.

  • Almonets (Mars; Chicago IL; 1940s)
  • Almond Cameo (Sperry Candy; Milwaukee, WI; 1940s)
  • Almond Joy (Peter Paul; Candy Manufacturing Co.; New Haven, CT; 1946)
  • Bazooka Bubblegum (Topps; Brooklyn, NY; 1947)
  • Big Time (Hollywood Candy; Centralia IL; 1940s)
  • Butter Crisp (Brown & Haley; Tacoma WA; 1943)
  • Chase’s Brunch (G. Chase Candy Co.; St. Joseph, MO; 1940s)
  • Chew A Way (Candymasters, Inc; Minneapolis, MN; 1940s)
  • Clark’s Butterettes (D. L. Clark; Pittsburgh, PA; 1940s)
  • Cocoa Fudge (Sperry Candy; Milwaukee, WI; 1940s)
  • Coconut Grove (Curtiss; Chicago, IL; circa 1944)
  • Fitger’s Barbecue (Fitger Co; Duluth, MN; 1940s)
  • Giant (George Ziegler Co.; Milwaukee, WI; 1948)
  • Hi-Mac (Shotwell; Chicago, IL; 1947)
  • Holloway’s A to Z Coconut Candy (Holloway & Co.; Chicago, IL; 1940s)
  • Hollywood (Hollywood Candy; Centralia IL; 1940s)
  • Honey-Nut (York Cone Co.; York, PA; circa 1945)
  • Jiminy Cricket (Schutter Candy Co., Chicago IL; 1940s)
  • Junior Mints (Welch Company; Cambridge MA; 1949)
  • Kingfisher (Fisher Nut & Chocolate Co.; Minneapolis, MN)
  • Koko Krunch (Sperry Candy; Milwaukee, WI; 1940s)

Sweet Memories

  • M & M’s (Mars; Chicago IL; 1941)
  • Mairzy marshmallow confection (Topps Candy Co.; Brooklyn, NY; 1940s)
  • MasterMint (Candymasters, Inc; Minneapolis, MN; 1940s)
  • Munchies (York Cone Co.; York, PA; 1940s)
  • Nickaloaf (Curtiss; Chicago, IL; 1940s)
  • Nikel-Tikel (George Ziegler Co.; Milwaukee, WI; 1940s)
  • North Pole (Candymasters, Inc; Minneapolis, MN; 1940s)
  • Old Nick (Schutter’s Candy Co.; Chicago, IL; 1940s)
  • Pecan Pete (Paul F. Beich Candy Co.; Bloomington, IL; 1940s)
  • Pick-Up (Comet Candy Co; Brooklyn, NY; 1940s)
  • Ping (Mars; Chicago IL; 1940s)
  • Powerhouse (Walter Johnson Candy Co.; Chicago, IL; 1940s)
  • Smooth Sailin (Hollywood Candy; Centralia IL; 1940s)
  • Snow-Maid (Sperry Candy; Milwaukee, WI; 1940s)
  • Taffee Giraffee (Curtiss; Chicago, IL; 1940s)
  • Thumbs Up (Candymasters, Inc; Minneapolis, MN; 1940s)
  • Top Star (Hollywood Candy; Centralia IL; 1940s)
  • Troll’s Peppermint Candy (J.T. Troll Co.; Los Angeles, CA; 1946)
  • Variety (Candymasters, Inc; Minneapolis, MN; 1940s)
  • Walnut Hill (Candymasters, Inc; Minneapolis, MN; 1940s)
  • Welch’s Coconut Candy (Welch Co.; Cambridge MA; 1947)
  • Welch’s Fudge Bar (Welch Co.; Cambridge MA; 1947)
  • Zero (Hollywood Candy; Centralia IL; 1940s)

New Medium

The Golden Age of Television and advertising helped to increase candy sales in the 1950s. TV was here to stay! Programming for adults and children allowed celebrities and cartoon characters to enjoy their favorite sweets in front of large audiences.

The average price of most standard-sized bars was 10 cents. Many of these items are no longer available.

  • Bounty (Mars; Chicago IL; 1951; UK/Canada)
  • Carlton honey-peanut butter bar (Carlton Candy Co.; Chicago, IL, 1950s)
  • Carlton Coconut Cream (Carlton Candy Co.; Chicago, IL, 1950s)
  • Copy (of Oh Henry!) (Williamson Candy Co.; Chicago, IL; 1950s)
  • Carlton honey-peanut butter bar (Carlton Candy Co.; Chicago, IL, 1950s)
  • Cargo (Candymasters, Inc; Minneapolis, MN; 1950s)
  • Dick Tracy candy bar (Schutter Candy Co.; Chicago, IL; 1950s)
  • Dr. IQ (Mars; Chicago IL; 1950s)
  • Echo Candy (Phyleen Candy Co.; Huntington, IN; 1950s)
  • Hershey-Ets (Hershey Company; Hershey, PA; 1954)
  • Holloway (M.J. Holloway Co.; Chicago, IL; 1950s)
  • Hopalong Cassidy Bar (Ryan Candy Co.; New York, NY; 1950)
  • Jack Dempsey chocolate bar (Loft; New York, NY; 1950s)
  • Jolly Jack (Curtiss Candy Co.; Chicago IL; 1950s)
  • Love Nest (Euclid Candy Co.; Chicago IL; 1950s)
  • Lucky Star vanilla bar (La Fean Candy Co.; York, PA; 1950s)
  • Mars (Mars; Chicago IL; 1957)
  • Munchies (Necco; Cambridge, MA; 1954)
  • Nestlés Triple Decker (Nestlé; White Plains. NY; 1950s)
  • Nut Sundae (Hollywood Candy; Centralia IL; 1950s)
  • Tuesdae (Hollywood Candy; Centralia IL; 1950s)
  • Tuppence (Curtiss Candy Co.; Chicago IL; 1950s)
  • Whiz (Paul Beich Co.; Bloomington, IL; 1950s)
  • Wings (Curtiss Candy Co.; Chicago IL; 1950s)

Booming Business

Baby Boomers of the 1960s loved their candy! The cost of a candy bar was 10 or 15 cents. All items have been discontinued by their original manufacturers but one is still on the market (Lemonheads).

  • Big Bite (Curtiss Candy Co.; Chicago IL; 1960s)
  • Brazil Roll (Sperry Candy; Milwaukee, WI; 1960s)
  • Butterscotch (Curtiss Candy Co.; Chicago IL; 1960s)
  • Buy Golly (Curtiss Candy Co.; Chicago IL; 1960s)
  • Curtiss Chocolate Almond Nougat (Curtiss Candy Co.; Chicago IL; 1960s)
  • Dipsy Doodle (Paul Beich Co.; Bloomington, IL; 1960s)
  • Hershey’s Almond Crunch (Hershey Company; Hershey, PA; 1967)
  • Hershey’s Toffee Chip (Hershey Company; Hershey, PA; 1967)
  • Klein’s Lunch Bar (Klein Chocolate Co.; Elizabeth, PA; 1960s)
  • KokoNut Roll (Curtiss Candy Co.; Chicago IL; 1960s)
  • Lemonheads (Ferrara Pan; Chicago, IL; 1962)
  • Wonder Bar (Ucanco Candy Co.; Davenport, IA; 1960s)

Sweet Dreams

Candy selections come and go, but people still have their favorites; some are lost forever, but others are available in select areas and through online.distributors. Got a hankering for a particular type of candy? Is it still being made? The answer may be at your fingertips.


Further Reading


Questions & Answers

Question: I was a child in the 1940s and 1950s growing up in Hingham, MA. There used to be a great smelling candy maker on Elm Street that moved, but I never knew the name. Can you help?

Answer: I know there was a candy maker called P-Chee located at 70 Elm Street in Hingman, but I don't know the time frame. I cannot tell you what their products were -- probably the standard candy fare -- but they made ribbon candy in 12 flavors. From the looks of an old piece of advertising I have seen, it could very well be from the 1940s or 1950s. Perhaps one of my readers can add something, here. You can also ask a local librarian for help in researching old phone directories and the like for that area.

Question: I've always assumed that Welch's was a US candy manufacturer that exported to the UK, where in the 1960s, I used to buy copious quantities of Welch's Orange Fizzers. These were orange flavoured sherbet-like chews, in a cylindrical shape about half an inch in diameter and an inch long. They were sold wrapped in paper, with twists at either end. No one else seems to have heard of them, yet I bought these every week for several years. Any way you can find out if these were made in the USA?

Answer: The James O. Welch company, which began in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1927, lists many initial brands of candy (Junior Mints, Sugar Babies, Milk Duds and Sugar Daddys, etc.), but I could find nothing about Welch's Orange Fizzers. It's possible that a European confectionery actually produced the candy but were in contract to use the Welch's brand name for marketing. Nabisco bought the Welch brands in 1963 (you might try researching Nabisco's history). The Welch brands were sold again in 1988 (Warner-Lambert) and Tootsie Roll Industries bought the line in 1993.

I found "Fizzers" under a brand called Beacon's; they look to be what you're describing. However, I can't say if they were ever produced under the Welch's name in the United States. (I found some production sources in Australia). There are also Fizzer candies under the Swizzel's name coming from the UK (you can find them on but they do not look to be chews.

Question: I used to love the dice-sized coconut candy that was sold at candy counters at Grant's, Woolworth's, etc. in the 1960's and 1970's. They were usually white with a stripe of flavor, or chocolate. I have looked for these all over. Do you know what they were called?

Answer: Hello, I cannot speak to your particular memory, but there is a product called 3 Color Coconut; it is a bar of "Neapolitan," ... white, brown and pink (vanilla, chocolate, and strawberry) coconut. I remember those (they've been around since 1894) from the little country store penny candy section we'd go to, circa the late 1960s. You can get them online (retro candy shops, mainly). Search for "Candy Farm 3 Color Coconut." The bars are 2.25 ounces each. Prices vary per site, but they come in boxes of 24 count. Some sites sell them per piece (but they certainly don't cost a penny!)

© 2017 Teri Silver

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