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Exploring Pineapple

Updated on August 29, 2017
Carb Diva profile image

Exploring food facts, folklore, and fabulous recipes... one ingredient at a time.

A Short Lesson on Pineapples

Pineapple—let’s get down to basics:

  • It's not related to the coniferous Christmas tree.
  • It’s not related to the forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden.
  • It’s not from Hawaii.

OK, so now that we have hit the Ctrl-Alt-Delete on this fruit (a re-start for those of you who are not computer-savvy), how do we begin again?

The botanical name for pineapple is ananas comosus, and it began it’s humble life in South America.

It's said in 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue.

And then in 1493, he visited Guadelupe.

...and he discovered pineapples.

— Author

(Yes, I know that it doesn't exactly rhyme, but close enough).

Columbus gave this new-found fruit the name "pina de Indes" (pine of the Indians). The people of Guadelupe called it ananã, which means "excellent fruit." And excellent it is!

Timeline of the Spread of Pineapple To Europe and Hawaii

  • 1493 - Columbus discovers pineapple on the island of Guadelupe and takes some home on his return trip to Europe
  • 1519 - Magellan discovers pineapple plants in his exploration of Brazil
  • 1555 - Pineapples are being exported to Europe
  • 1751 - George Washington tasted pineapple in Barbados and declared it his favorite tropical fruit
  • 1770 - Captain James Cook introduced the pineapple to Hawaii
  • 1880 - Steamships made transporting the perishable fruit a viable industry
  • 1903 - James Drummond Dole began canning pineapple
  • 1921 - The Dole Hawaiian Pineapple Company was a thriving business, making pineapple Hawaii's largest crop and industry

Food of the Elite

Columbus returned to Europe with pineapples, but not everyone enjoyed the fruits of his voyage. Pineapple was and is delicate and perishable and, in the rule of supply and demand, it became a luxury of kings rather than a food for the common man. European gardeners struggled to propagate the pineapple, but it was at least two centuries before a hothouse method for growing in Europe was successful.

The pineapple became the exotic fruit of the rich, or quasi-rich. Believe it or not, pineapples were “rented” for display on banquet tables, not for consumption, but merely as a symbol of the wealth of the host.

United States and World Production Today

Recent statistics state that about 15,300,000 metric tons (or 34 billion pounds) of pineapples are harvested each year. Worldwide 82 countries produce pineapple on about 2.1 million acres. The average yield is 17,000 pounds per acre.

Hawaii is the only U.S. producer of pineapple, producing about 430 million pounds per year. Pineapples which are to be eaten fresh are harvested by hand; those designated for canning are harvested mechanically.

Top 10 Pineapple Producing Countries
Percentage of World Production
Thailand
11%
Philippines
11%
Brazil
10%
China
10%
India
9%
Nigeria
6%
Costa Rica
5%
Mexico
5%
Indonesia
3%
Kenya
4%

Recipes

List of Recipes in This Article

  • Lavender-Pineapple Lemonade (V)
  • Disney Pineapple Dole Whip (V)
  • Pineapple Crisp (V)
  • Pineapple-Cucumber-Mint Popsicles (V)
  • Grilled Pineapple Salsa (V)
  • BBQ Chicken Bacon Pineapple Kebobs
  • Hawaiian Chickpea Veggie Burgers (V)
  • Sweet and Sour Crockpot Chicken

(V) = Vegetarian

Lavender Pineapple Lemonade

I am blessed to have several large lavender plants in my garden. They are one of the few things that shunned by the local deer and rabbits.

Ingredients

  • 4 cups water
  • 3/4 cup granulated sugar
  • 2 tablespoons dried lavender flowers (see NOTE below)
  • 1 1/2 cups fresh-squeezed lemon juice (about 6 large lemons)
  • 2 cups pineapple juice

Directions

  1. Bring 2 cups of the water and the sugar to a boil in a medium saucepan. Remove from the heat; add lavender. Cover and let stand for 2-4 hours.
  2. Strain, discarding lavender. Stir in lemon juice, pineapple juice, and remaining 2 cups water.
  3. Chill; serve over ice.

NOTE: Look for dried lavender flowers in spice shops or natural food stores. If using lavender from the garden, make sure it hasn’t been sprayed with pesticides.

Disney Pineapple Dole Whip

My older daughter loves Disney. No, that's not quite accurate. She is obsessed with Disney! She loves every movie, character, and theme park attraction. And so, we (or she) have visited Disneyland (west coast) and Disney World (east coast) more times than I would like to admit to.

When you are weary of the long lines or are over-dosed on rides, you need to fine something soothing, relaxing, and low cost! The Dole Whip is a cool, refreshing oasis. And, here is how to enjoy it without the flight to California or Florida.

Pineapple Crisp

Source

What's better, sweeter, yummier than pineapple? What about pineapple crisp with a crumbly, oaty, brown sugar topping, warm from the oven, and a scoop of vanilla ice cream on top?

Pineapple-Cucumber-Mint Popsicles

Source

Or perhaps you are craving something not quite so sweet, a little less decadent? Perhaps you want a summertime treat that is cool and refreshing. Perhaps it's time to make these pineapple-cucumber-mint popsicles.

Grilled Pineapple Salsa

Source

Grilling fruits and vegetables creates a totally new level of flavors; the natural sugars char, caramelize, and provide a rich smoky flavor. When you make this grilled pineapple salsa, be sure to grill a few extra pineapple rings—they make a wonderful snack.

BBQ Chicken Bacon Pineapple Kabobs

Source

Speaking of grilling, the flavors of chicken, bacon, sweet-smokey barbecue sauce, and pineapple were simply made for each other. These chicken-pineapple kebobs are quick and easy. And, if you don't have a grill they can be baked in the oven.

Hawaiian Chickpea Veggie Burgers

Source

Love to grill but you're vegetarian, or vegan, or simply trying to put more plant-based foods in your diet. Try these chickpea burgers with the tropical flavors of avocado and pineapple. You won't miss the meat, trust me.

Sweet and Sour Crockpot Chicken

Source

Maybe the weather has turned cold and you want warm comfort food; maybe it's summer and the last thing you need is a hot kitchen. Or maybe you're just craving sweet and sour. This crockpot chicken with pineapple covers all the bases.

© 2017 Linda Lum

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    • Carb Diva profile image
      Author

      Linda Lum 2 months ago from Washington State, USA

      Mary, I can't imagine being able to grow your own pineapple. That sounds like a little bit of Heaven on earth if you ask me. And silly you, of course the barbecued pineapple sounds good. Everything is better with bacon (...don't tell my vegetarian daughter that I said that).

      Thanks for stopping by.

    • Blond Logic profile image

      Mary Wickison 2 months ago from Brazil

      You have some tasty looking recipes here and I need to start using pineapple more in my cooking. Usually, I just slice it up and put it in the center of the table. Occasionally I make a sweet and sour with it or fry it in butter and a local brown sugar. The barbequed pineapple with bacon sounds wonderful.

      We have about 30 pineapple plants growing here on our farm and our plan was to get to about 50 so we can have one a week.

      When I go to our local supermarket, the lady who works in the produce department gives me a bag of tops to plant, this is where our stock has come from. Shoppers will often rip the tops off and leave those there. They take a long time, about a year and a half and we have yet to harvest one!

      At least now, I will have more ways to use them.

      Great article.

    • Carb Diva profile image
      Author

      Linda Lum 2 months ago from Washington State, USA

      Eric, that fools a lot of people. If you are looking for something cool and refreshing, the Dole Whip is pretty darned good too.

    • Carb Diva profile image
      Author

      Linda Lum 2 months ago from Washington State, USA

      Bill, maybe you don't like pineapple because you already so naturally sweet!

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 2 months ago from Olympia, WA

      Nope!

      Enough said, right?

      Nope!

      But thanks, anyway! I'll give this to Bev, who adore pineapple. :)

    • Ericdierker profile image

      Eric Dierker 2 months ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A.

      Here I am again with my boy - our favorite is fresh and raw as with most fruits and veggies. My wife has a way with cooking pineapple, they just seem to be best friends. A Vietnamese Sour Soup is my favorite. Your recipes look awesome. We are going to have some fun making the Popsicle. Super healthy and perfect for our now hot summer days.

      No way on the history. For sure Hawaii. Wow that surprised me. I definitely would have thought Cook brought them FROM the islands not to them.

      Once again you dazzle and amaze. Thank you.

    • Carb Diva profile image
      Author

      Linda Lum 2 months ago from Washington State, USA

      Thank you John. Well, add me to the list of those surprised of who the top 10 producers are--notice that Hawaii is also not on that list. Most people assume that the pineapple began its humble life on that island chain.

    • Jodah profile image

      John Hansen 2 months ago from Queensland Australia

      Linda, suffice it to say pineapple is my favourite fruit (tropical or otherwise). I was surprised that Australia wasn't on the world's top 10 pineapple growing/exporting countries. Where I grew up in the Sunshine Coast of Queensland it is the major crop. I have never seen an imported pineapple in any fruit shop here as we produce more than enough for our own consumption.

      You supply great recipes for this amazing fruit, as you always do.

    • Carb Diva profile image
      Author

      Linda Lum 2 months ago from Washington State, USA

      Flourish - You just made my little old heart leap for joy. I'm always looking for new topics. My older daughter is the one who suggested pineapple. A friend at church has requested quinoa and sourdough (as two separate articles).

      So, the door is open. I'm taking requests. Anything you'd like to see that you haven't seen here before?

    • FlourishAnyway profile image

      FlourishAnyway 2 months ago from USA

      You have outdone yourself. Since the last of your recommended recipes I tried were so excellent, I'm going to give two of these a try as well. Linda, you are something special!