What Are the Different Cuts of Beef?

Updated on March 24, 2016
Different cuts of beef.
Different cuts of beef. | Source

Ever wonder what different types of beef cuts there are, or what each is best used for? What type of beef is best in crock pots, or best on the grill? This article illustrates the various cuts of beef, provides a brief explanation of each, and also recommends how best to cook them.

Different Types of Beef

The most commonly used types of beef are:

  • Chuck
  • Shank
  • Brisket
  • Rib
  • Short plate
  • Flank
  • Loin
  • Sirloin
  • The round

The are less common types that we won't be discussing here, but they are:

  • Tongue
  • Neck
  • Knuckle

Chuck

Description: The chuck, also known as the seven-bone steak (in reference to the shape of the bone), is located near the shoulder and neck area of the cow.

Types: The chuck cut yields some of the more economical cuts of beef, such as the chuck roast, chuck arm roast, and the flat iron steak.

How to Cook: The chuck contains a significant amount of connective tissue, which contains collagen and can be a little tough, but provides great flavor.

Chuck cuts of beef are best cooked slowly over time with a crock pot or by braising.

Chuck eye roast
Chuck eye roast | Source

Round or Rump

Description: The round, also known as the rump, is a lean cut of meat with very little fat. It is located at the back of the cow near the rear leg. Like the Shank, the round is a tough cut due to the constant use of the cow's legs.

Types: Despite the round or rump's toughness, it produces quite a few different cuts of meat that are quite popular. Some of the more common cuts are: rump roast/steak, top round roast/steak, bottom round roast/steak, eye of round roast/steak, and the sirloin tip center roast/steak.

How to Cook: Round cuts are best braised or roasted with low levels of moisture.

Top round roast.
Top round roast. | Source

Brisket

Description: Brisket is cut from the breast or the lower portion of the cow. Like the shank, it has a lot of connective tissue and can be quite tough unless cooked properly.

Types: The brisket is known by two main cuts of meat: brisket flat cut and the brisket point cut.

How to Cook: Brisket is a favorite of BBQ'ers everywhere and is best cooked smoked or braised.

Brisket flat cut.
Brisket flat cut. | Source

Ribs

Description: The rib includes some of the finest cuts of the cow, and is the known for its juiciness, tenderness, superb marbling, and flavor. The rib cut refers to ribs 6 through 12 on the cow.

Types: The rib includes several of the finest cuts of the cow, including the prime rib, short rib, rib-eye steak, and rib-eye roasts.

How to Cook: Rib cuts are best cooked over dry heat and for long periods of time. American BBQ'ers favor grilling or smoking these tender cuts.

Prime rib
Prime rib | Source

Short Plate

Description: The short plate is located on the front belly of the cow below the ribs. It contains a lot of cartilage and is kind of fatty and tough.

Types: It contains a few different cuts including the short ribs, hangar steak, and the skirt steak. It is best known for being used to makecarne asada.

How to Cook: Best braised because of its toughness.

Skirt steak.
Skirt steak. | Source

Flank

Description: The flank is a long flat cut from the abdominal muscles of the cow. It is one of the toughest cuts of meat.

Types: The flank is usually cut into flap steaks or flank steaks. It is typically used in Asian and Mexican cuisine as stir-fry or fajita beef. It can also be used in London broil.

How to Cook: Due to its excessive toughness, flank cuts are best cooked with moist methods like braising.

Flank steak.
Flank steak. | Source

Loin

Description: The loin is cut from the back of the cow, typically a portion of the hindquarter directly behind the ribs. It is one of the most tender and desirable cuts of beef.

Types: The loin is best known for producing filet mignon, porterhouse steak, and the T-bone steak. However, it also contains the KC strip, tenderloin roast, and the shell steak.

How to Cook: Loin cuts are best cooked over dry heat such as on a grill.

Filet mignon.
Filet mignon. | Source

Sirloin

Description: Sirloin is also cut from the back of the cow, just past the loin (a.k.a the short loin). Although, not as tender as the loin cuts, the sirloin is still a very popular tender cut of beef.

Types: The sirloin contains the top sirloin, bottom sirloin, and center cut sirloin steaks, as well as the tri-tip steak, filet of sirloin, and the ball tip roast.

How to Cook: Sirloin is best cooked by grill, but can also be broiled, sautéed, or pan-fried.

Sirloin steak.
Sirloin steak. | Source

Shank

Description: The shank is the leg of the cow and is one of the toughest meats. This is due to the fact that the leg muscle is constantly used, creating a tough, sinewy cut. Therefore, it is one of the less popular, but also one of the cheapest.

Types: The Shank doesn't yield very many cuts of meet, just the shank or the shank cross cut. It is also used in very low fat ratios of ground beef.

How to Cook: The shank is best cooked over a long period of time and in liquid. It is best in soups, stews, or to make beef stock.

Shank Cuts

Shank crosscut
Shank crosscut | Source

Learn About the Different Cuts

Questions & Answers

    Comments

      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment

      • profile image

        Olapeju 

        3 months ago

        Very nice straight forward well and good diagram easy to understand

        Thanks so much

      • profile image

        Zahoor Ahmed 

        3 months ago

        Great job.thanks

      • profile image

        johnathon hine 

        4 months ago

        thank you

      • profile image

        Mia Khalifa 

        6 months ago

        Thnak you!

      • profile image

        chibuzor kate Achinihu 

        7 months ago

        The infomation here is so motivating.

      • profile image

        I'm Mercy Gifta 

        7 months ago

        The information here are very impacting. Thanks so much

      • profile image

        brix 

        8 months ago

        thank you...

      • profile image

        Abraham Sekoai 

        8 months ago

        It is very much helpful, i sound like a pro now

      • profile image

        saravanan 

        18 months ago

        very useful..thankyou

      • profile image

        tazeem ch 

        2 years ago

        mind blowing data ! superb

      • profile image

        g-h 

        3 years ago

        thank you.

      • Phyllis Doyle profile image

        Phyllis Doyle Burns 

        4 years ago from High desert of Nevada.

        This is a very informative hub and well presented. Well done!

        Up, Useful, Interesting

      • idigwebsites profile image

        idigwebsites 

        4 years ago from United States

        Very informative hub. Now I know which cooking methods are best for every cuts of meat. :)

      working

      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, delishably.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://delishably.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

      Show Details
      Necessary
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Features
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Marketing
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Statistics
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)