The Different Kinds of Sushi: Types, Names, and Photos

Updated on March 11, 2020
brittanytodd profile image

Brittany Kennedy has lived on the Big Island of Hawaii for most of her life, which means she's spent most of her life eating sushi!

If you didn't grow up eating sushi, you may be confused when looking at a sushi roll menu if the restaurant chooses to leave out the descriptions. This guide will break down some common sushi terms and recipes so you can know what to order when visiting a sushi bar or restaurant.

Did You Know?

Feel free to eat your sushi rolls or nigiri with your hands! This is, in fact, how many in Japan eat their sushi. When eating nigiri, it's also recommended to turn the roll upside-down to dip in soy sauce to avoid absorbing too much into the rice.

Different types of sushi: maki, temaki, uramaki, sashimi, and nigiri
Different types of sushi: maki, temaki, uramaki, sashimi, and nigiri

5 Main Types of Sushi

Type of Sushi
A topping, usually fish, served on top of sushi rice
Not all nigiri is raw, though this dish is best for people who want to appreciate the flavor of the fish, shellfish, or other toppings
Fish or shellfish served alone (no rice)
This is best for people who really love to taste the fish or shellfish since it comes with nothing else
Rice and filling wrapped in seaweed
This is what most people think of when they think of sushi rolls
Similar to the above, but rice is on the outside and seaweed wraps around the filling
These rolls often have lots of toppings and sauces — they may either be cooked or raw
Sushi that has been hand-rolled into a cone shape
The cones are not as easy to share as the rolls (though very delicious!)

Here's a brief run-down on what's what. For pictures and more information about each type, you can scroll to the sections below.

What's the Difference Between Sushi, Sashimi, and Nigiri?

Sashimi is just the meat, served without other ingredients. Sushi also uses rice and other ingredients, such as vegetables, which are all rolled up in a sheet or nori (seaweed) and sliced into pieces.

You'll either see it as maki (which means roll), where the seaweed is on the outside, uramaki, where the seaweed is on the inside and rice is on the outside, or temaki, a cone-shaped piece of sushi that's rolled by hand.

Nigiri is the dish that's halfway in between. Nigiri is sashimi that's served on a molded rectangle of rice.

Lastly, while most sashimi is raw fish, some sashimi is not raw and some sashimi is not fish. For example, unagi is cooked freshwater eel, and sashimi also encompasses other types of seafood, which you will see below.

Types of Sashimi

Sashimi Name
So What Is It?
Tuna (raw)
Spanish Mackerel (raw)
Sweet Shrimp (raw)
Saltwater Eel — usually deep-fried or boiled
Round Clam (raw)
Albacore White Tuna (raw)
Skipjack Tuna (raw)
Tiger Shrimp (cooked)
Butterfish (raw)
Yellow Tail (raw)
Hamachi Toro
Yellowtail Belly (raw)
Halibut (raw)
Surf Clam (cooked)
Scallop (raw)
Squid (the body is served raw, the tentacles are cooked)
Salmon Roe (fish eggs)
Sardine (raw)
Crab Meat (cooked)
Amberjack (raw)
Tuna (raw)
Mackerel (raw)
Salmon (raw)
Sake Toro
Salmon Belly (raw)
Red Snapper (raw)
Octopus (cooked)
Sweet Egg Omelet (cooked)
Blue Fin Belly (raw)
Whelk Clam (raw)
Umi Masu
Ocean Trout (raw)
Barbequed Freshwater Eel
Sea Urchin (raw)
There are many different kinds of sashimi — these are some of the more common items that you might see. Spellings might vary.

Sashimi is to sushi as a fillet is to a taco. Any sashimi meat can be made into a sushi roll. And any chef can get creative and create specialty sushi rolls by combining multiple meats and vegetables. However, there are a few specialty sushi rolls that can be found at most restaurants, though the exact preparation can differ significantly.

Types of Popular Sushi Rolls

Roll Name
So What's in It?
Contains Raw Fish?
You Should Order If . . .
Tiger Roll
Avocado, shrimp tempura, cucumber, tobiko (flying fish roe — fish eggs)
Usually not — double check to make sure
You like fried shrimp and avocado
Philadelphia Roll
Salmon, avocado, cream cheese
You like cold and creamy
Crunch Roll
Spicy tuna, crispy seaweed, tempura
You like crispy, crunchy and raw tuna
Dynamite Roll
Shrimp tempura, yellowtail, bean sprouts, carrots, avocado, cucumber, chili, spicy mayo
You like warm, creamy, and crunchy
Rainbow Roll
Fish cake/imitation crab, avocado, cucumber, tuna, avocado, salmon, shrimp, yellowtail
You like different kinds of sashimi
Dragon Roll
Eel, crab, cucumber / avocado outside, eel sauce
You love eel — which is warm, buttery, and a little sweet
California Roll
Crab or imitation crab, avocado, cucumber, sesame seeds
You don't like raw fish and like avocado
Spicy Tuna Roll
Tuna, mayo, chili sauce
You like cold and spicy
Caterpillar Roll
Eel, cucumber, avocado
You like eel (cooked and warm) and avocado
Spider Roll
Soft-shell crab tempura, cucumber, avocado, spicy mayo
You like crab and crunchy tempura
Vegetable Roll
Cucumber, fresh carrot, scallion, avocado, asparagus, cream cheese
You like veggies
Shrimp Tempura Roll
Shrimp tempura, avocado, tempura flakes, eel sauce
You like crunchy and fried shrimp
Surf and Turf Roll
Cucumber, fish cake/imitation crab, beef, carrot, tuna, salmon, avocado
You like raw fish and cooked beef
Tempura Roll
One or more of the parts is deep-fried in a light batter
You like crunchy, fried foods.
Volcano Roll
Contents will differ, but it will have some kind of topping that makes it looks like the roll is exploding.
Most of these are uramaki — the kind where the rice is on the outside. Sushi rolls vary fairly significantly from one restaurant to the next, even though the names might be the same. You can always ask what is in a roll at a particular restaurant

There are also vegetarian sushi ingredients that have the added bonus of being on the cheaper side. These include:

  • Egg (tamago)
  • Cucumber (kappa)
  • Avocado

Common Sides and Condiments

Before we begin, you must know what to eat with sushi. I usually start my meal with miso soup and possibly some tempura—fried vegetables in a crunchy batter.

With your sushi, you will probably get wasabi (green paste made from Japanese horseradish) and ginger (pink pickled slices).

The Japanese use ginger to clear their palettes between courses. The wasabi should be mixed with shoyu (soy sauce) as a dipping sauce for your sushi.

The sushi roll you get might have brightly colored orange spheres or tiny black spheres on it—these are both roe, which are fish eggs.

  • Tobiko is the roe of flying fish and is usually a bright orange, though it can be colored to be black or even green.
  • Masago is the roe of capelin—this is also usually orange-colored unless it is dyed.

Meet Some Common Sushi Fillings

All of these pictures are of the fillings in nigiri form (on a bed of rice).


Sashimi is raw fish. When placed on rice (sometimes with nori, or sheets of seaweed), it is sushi. The following raw toppings can be found on sushi menus:

Ahi (tuna)

Ahi tuna nigiri
Ahi tuna nigiri

Ebi (shrimp)

Ebi (shrimp) nigiri
Ebi (shrimp) nigiri

Sake (salmon)

Sake (salmon) nigiri
Sake (salmon) nigiri

Unagi/anago (eel—unagi refers to freshwater and anago to saltwater)

Unagi/anago nigiri
Unagi/anago nigiri

Hamachi (yellow tail)

Hamachi (yellow tail) nigiri
Hamachi (yellow tail) nigiri

Ika (squid)

Ika (squid) nigiri
Ika (squid) nigiri

Kani (crab meat — artificial crab meat is pictured)

Artificial crab meat nigiri (made from a combination of fish)
Artificial crab meat nigiri (made from a combination of fish)

Hotate (scallop)

Hotate (scallop) nigiri
Hotate (scallop) nigiri

Tako (octopus)

Tako (octopus) nigiri
Tako (octopus) nigiri

Uni (sea urchin)

Uni (sea urchin) nigiri
Uni (sea urchin) nigiri | Source

Sushi Japanese Cuisine Vocabulary Quiz

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Sushi Rolls

Spicy Tuna Roll
Spicy Tuna Roll

Spicy Tuna Roll

Ahi (tuna) rolls usually have a dark pink layer of raw tuna in them.

However, spicy tuna (or spicy ahi) usually includes diced or shredded tuna with hot peppers. The spicy sauce that sushi chefs use is usually orange and is about as hot as a banana pepper or sandwich jalapeño.

With the wrapper prepared tempura
With the wrapper prepared tempura

Tempura Roll

Tempura is a Japanese style of deep frying that uses a light batter. Tempura rolls can be made in two ways.

As shown in the photo above, one way to make this crunchy delight is to make the entire roll tempura. In the photo above, the chef created sashimi rolls, covered it in tempura batter, and deep-fried the whole thing.

With the contents prepared tempura
With the contents prepared tempura

Tempura Style #2

Another way to make this crunchy delight is to prepare the contents tempura. For those rolls, shrimp tempura or some other kind of vegetable tempura is put inside the nori (seaweed paper).

Unagi sushi
Unagi sushi | Source

Unagi Sushi

Unagi is a saltwater eel. Sushi usually uses a grilled slab of unagi coated or marinated in either oyster sauce, teriyaki sauce, or some other sweet-and-salty glaze. Unagi tastes like tender steak.

California Roll
California Roll

California Roll

A California roll is usually made with crab and avocado. If you purchase a California roll in a supermarket, you may get one with mayonnaise in it. In the California roll above, there is crab, ahi (tuna), and avocado. Sometimes it will be served with a slab of ahi on top.



Inari is breaded-rice sushi. The bread is thin and sweet and sometimes filled with vegetables such as carrot strips or cucumber.

Rainbow Roll
Rainbow Roll

Rainbow Roll

A rainbow roll is a sushi roll topped with many different types of sashimi.

The sushi roll underneath the sashimi is usually a California roll (avocado and crab).

To make this type of sushi, the chef prepares a California roll and adds the toppings afterwards.

Dragon Roll
Dragon Roll | Source

Dragon Roll

Dragon rolls are usually unique to the chef, and many get creative with the appearance of the dragon roll—some making them look like dragons. So there is some variation as to the ingredients chosen by different chefs, but dragon rolls are usually filled with eel and cucumber and topped with thinly-sliced avocado, producing a scale effect.

Philly Roll
Philly Roll

Philly Roll

The Philly roll is a popular kind of sushi that you will find on many menus around the country. It usually has salmon, cream cheese, and cucumber, though it might come with other ingredients like avocado, onion, and sesame seed. It's named the Philly roll because of Philadelphia Cream Cheese, not because it's from Philadelphia.

Temaki with crab
Temaki with crab

Temaki With Crab

This is an example of a cone-shaped hand roll, which is called temaki. This one has crab in it—you can tell it's real crab because it's stringy. Imitation crab usually comes in stick form and is not stringy.

Spider Roll
Spider Roll

Spider Roll

The spider roll has soft-shell crab tempura, cucumber, avocado, and spicy mayo on it. Sometimes the chef will construct it so it looks like it has spider legs coming out of the sides.

Vegetarian Roll
Vegetarian Roll

Vegetarian Roll

There's even something for people who don't eat fish at a sushi restaurant! Many places offer a veggie roll, which will—no surprise here—contain different kinds of vegetables like cucumber or avocado.

Volcano Roll
Volcano Roll

Volcano Roll

The contents of volcano rolls tends to vary, but the one thing they have in common is that there is usually some kind of topping on the rolls that makes it look like the sushi is exploding—hence the term "volcano roll."

Other Common Words on Sushi Menus

What Is It?
Soft tofu coated with potato starch and deep fried
Bowl of rice mixed with fish, vegetables, and additional ingredients of your choice
A type of radish
Japanese "rice bowl dish" consisting of fish, meat, vegetables or other ingredients simmered together and served over rice
A dish made of unripened soybeans
Vegetable dish made with sesame dressing
Japanese pan-fried dumplings
Salmon roe
Imitation crab meat
Deep fried cutlet
Generic term for skewered and grilled meat and vegetables
Rice and fillings wrapped in seaweed (commonly called sushi roll)
Capelin roe (fish eggs) — orange in color
A traditional Japanese seasoning
Chewy dessert made from rice
Green onion
Raw fish served over pressed, vinegared rice
Chef's choice
Raw fish salad served as an appetizer in Hawaiian cuisine, and sometimes as an entree
a Japanese dipping sauce made from soy sauce, lime juice, vinegar, and fish flakes
Fish eggs
Thinly sliced meat served without rice
A kind of Japanese herb
A type of sweet and spicy sauce
Chicken wings
A type of Japanese condiment
Hand-roll: rice and fish in a cone-shaped seaweed wrapper
Japanese breaded frying preparation
A Japenese tempura dip
Flying fish roe
Belly area of fish
Type of thick noodle made with wheat flour
A type of pickled plum
A type of seaweed
A type of Japanese herb similar to horseradish
Yaki Tori
Japanese type of skewered chicken
Fried buckwheat noodles
Japanese pickled burdock root
A type of citrus fruit


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    • profile image


      6 weeks ago

      Helpful, but not ease to memorize them all

    • profile image

      @Clo Clo 

      4 months ago

      I think there are 124 types of sushi, meats, rolls, and words related to sushi if I counted right

    • profile image

      Mike Hawk 

      5 months ago

      This is completely wrong totally offensive to my gender aka Apache attack helicopters

    • profile image

      Naomi Sicuso Gonzalez 

      5 months ago

      I do not like

    • profile image


      5 months ago

      Wow helpful!

    • profile image

      Clo Clo 

      5 months ago

      I didn’t expect that much sushi but can you also tell us how many types of sushi are there?

    • profile image


      6 months ago

      Don't expect to find those crazy, OTT rolls in Japan, because they don't exist there. They're purely an American/westernized version of sushi. Most Japanese people find them weird and gross.

    • profile image

      Bhuwan bahadur sunar 

      7 months ago

      I love japanese food

    • profile image


      9 months ago

      Sushi is my favorite food I go to sushi restaurants all the time you did a great job on this website by the way.

    • profile image


      9 months ago

      It needs to include the Godzilla

    • profile image


      10 months ago

      I like sushi

    • profile image

      Stella I 

      12 months ago

      I'm willing to try sushi you've got my attention and man am I hungry

    • profile image


      12 months ago

      Show more types of sushi

    • profile image

      Hamwar Ali 

      13 months ago

      it looks very delicious but we people of middle east don't eat sea food that much :(

    • profile image


      14 months ago

      I think it's important to realize this isn't info to be used when ordering sushi when actually in Japan. Much like "Chinese" food. Most Sushi chains in the US/Canada are Americanized and adjusted to better mesh with an American/British pallet. THIS guide is specifically for understanding Americanized sushi. It's absolutely helpful if you want to try out sushi in the west. But don't mistake it for a guide for sushi in Japan.

    • profile image


      14 months ago

      It’s very good to learn. Thank you!

    • profile image


      14 months ago

      apple bees is better

    • profile image


      17 months ago

      this is good to learn about sushi and different kinds

    • profile image


      17 months ago

      Japanese don't eat that much avocado

    • profile image


      18 months ago


      the best and healthier food and good taste

    • profile image


      19 months ago

      Yummm, I love sushi! It is very delicious! :D

    • profile image


      20 months ago

      ooh, very helpful!! i didnt know there'd be so many kinds of sushi!

    • profile image


      21 months ago

      i also thought wasabi was avocado because my dad said it was

    • profile image


      23 months ago

      I don't know if anyone else caught this, because I saw a lot of people pointing out issues, but Inari (Inarizushi) is not 'breaded rice' at all

      It's sushi rice is stuffed in seasoned aburaage tofu pouches.

      I knot his is a place where people want to get good information, so I hope this helps

    • profile image

      Caroline Filomeno 

      23 months ago

      tofu is a sponge made out of soy beans. This definitely a real 101

    • profile image

      Dave Christian 

      24 months ago

      I rove to eat them sushi’s

    • profile image


      24 months ago


    • profile image


      2 years ago

      What is tofo is please

    • profile image

      Chhiring lama 

      2 years ago

      It's a helpful thaks

    • profile image

      Padma kumara 

      2 years ago

      Awasome information ..i learning shushi..and i get more information ...thanks

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      Doing a progect for school now...have to design a resturant. Found this to be very helpful and informative :) 5 stars!! * * * * *

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      Tons of mistakes

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      I am hungry now..... aaaaaw delicious sushi,,..ssoooooooooooo gooooooooood

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      Very helpful and informative! Bravo!!!!

    • profile image

      Lumi Martin 

      2 years ago

      Superbly written and illustrated, very informative and comprehensive. Your feature helps a sushi novice like me get a clearer picture of the Japanese cuisine. Thank you for putting together such a great piece of work.

    • profile image

      Akira Fudo 

      2 years ago

      Sashimi is not a type of sushi, sashimi is sashimi, sushi is sushi.

      Other than that, you forgot hosomaki.

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      GOod info for essays and presentations. Like the lists of types of sushi and shashimi.

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      Great information!

      just a piece of feedback, only westerners put wasabi inside the soy sauce, traditional Japanese customs advise to NEVER mix the wasabi with the soy sauce.

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      THIS BE GOOD SUSHI!!!!!!!

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      This is the most informative article I've ever read! I now feel I can go to a sushi restaurant and know what to order rather than have my daughter do it for me! Thank you for making every imaginable item so clear.

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      This was great! Going to have dinner with my friends and this just gave me everything I needed to pick what I would like to eat.

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      Tempura - Japanese breaded frying preparation

      Really? Breaded?...

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      i work at a sushi restaurant, and this page gave me exactly what i need to make better recommendations to my customers

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      Last month I was on Europe trip with my sis and our friends. In Warsaw (Poland) we tried a sushi in Sakana (Moliera street? This one who wrote La Tartuffe) and it was so amazing! I eat sushi a lot, but this one has had an amazing taste of Japan!

    • profile image 

      3 years ago

      its a helpful.thanx

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      Wow! this is fantastic. Thanks!

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      what is the rice shaped crunchy garnish used in some sushi, it looks similar to freeze dried rice?

    • profile image

      Ema Fernandes 

      3 years ago

      My favorite dish.... for me all Sundays are Sushi day...

    • profile image

      Jamie Goodwin 

      3 years ago

      Katsuo is Skipjack Tuna, Bonito is often used as a substitute, but is not the same fish. Just noticed it on your list, and thought I would point it out. They share the same Subfamily, but they are different species of fish. Wonderful post though.

    • profile image

      Christine Nguyen 

      3 years ago

      When was this made ?

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      Excellence post!

    • profile image


      4 years ago

      Visuable and can correlate own visualization of an idea from the above publication. Photos are vividly clear (It can help a new chef see the end result), explanation on each dish was short and meaning was derived.

      Suggestion to expand on regions and cultures what sushi do they prefer.

      Relaxing read!!! Thanx

    • profile image


      4 years ago

      This was helpful for because i want eat sushi but didnt know what eat. Thanks

    • profile image

      Bianca McGill 

      5 years ago

      Mmmmm I love sushi, my first time eating it I thought wasabi was guacamole lol so I did a big dip of that And my mouth was on fire My nose lol was burning

    • profile image

      ms. lady 

      5 years ago

      love sushi!!! very hungry now

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      this helped alot with my homework

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      I have always liked sushi, but lately I have been craving it. These beautiful pictures have only made me hungry for more!

      Great write up, I learned a lot reading this. I can't wait to try a dragon roll! Thank you.

    • vibesites profile image


      6 years ago from United States

      I'm not a fan of raw seafood, but my musician friend loves it (in fact she has written songs about sushi and sashimi). Perhaps I'll start with unagi sushi since the eel is cooked. I love the plating, as the Japanese are so good in it. :)

    • cardelean profile image


      8 years ago from Michigan

      I think that the tempura rolls are my favorite. This is a great guide, especially for those who have never tried sushi.

    • Robin profile image

      Robin Edmondson 

      8 years ago from San Francisco

      One of my favorite foods! The spicy tuna rolls are my absolute favorite - with lots of ginger and wasabi! Yumm! I appreciate the breakdown of all of the different types of sushi; I know that I'm always looking them up. ;)

    • Guitarforlife profile image


      8 years ago from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

      Your hub is making me hungry. I could use some sushi right about now.

    • Global-Chica profile image


      8 years ago from New York, NY

      I grew up eating Japanese food but still learned so much from your hub. For instance, I didn't know soy sauce is called "shoyu". Your photos are amazing and just made me really hungry! Thanks for a great hub.

    • brittanytodd profile imageAUTHOR

      Brittany Kennedy 

      8 years ago from Kailua-Kona, Hawaii

      Thank you, Teresa! Sushi is intimidating to a lot of people because of the raw fish, but there is a different kind for everyone. Thanks again!

    • Teresa Coppens profile image

      Teresa Coppens 

      8 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      I've always wondered what the 'sushi' rolls were made of besides raw fish. I'm quite sure you have not converted me to eating sushi, but I did love your colourful hub which for me was quite enlightening. I learned a lot! Voted up!


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