How to Crack and Shell Walnuts (7 Ways to Open Raw Nuts)

Updated on August 9, 2018
Beth Eaglescliffe profile image

Science graduate and business advisor, health educator and author, Beth writes articles on a wide variety of subjects.

Walnuts are traditionally eaten at Christmas.
Walnuts are traditionally eaten at Christmas. | Source

Seven Ways to Open Raw Walnuts

  1. The hammer blow.
  2. Crushing machine.
  3. Hinged nutcracker.
  4. Screw press nutcracker.
  5. Sharp knife blade.
  6. Freezing (ice crystals expand).
  7. Door hinge desperado.

Shelling and Cracking Walnuts

Most edible nut kernels are relatively easy to separate from their shells. However a walnut kernel and its crinkly outer shell often seem welded together. I take my hat off to anyone who can crack walnuts and take out a whole undamaged kernel 100% of the time. My success rate is around 50% (although I am improving if I take my time and concentrate!)

So, in order to help others who may have a similar difficulty with these nuts, here are some different ways you can use to crack open and shell walnuts. Some of them are serious and some of them are (just a little) tongue in cheek. You should make up your own mind which is the most effective method to use. In my opinion, fresh in season walnuts are delicious and they are well worth the effort of shelling properly.

1. Cracking Walnuts With a Hammer Blow

Have you ever heard the expression "taking a sledge-hammer to crack a nut"? It literally means using disproportionate force to achieve a simple aim.

Take a hammer.

Lift.

Strike the walnut.

Unfortunately, the result is that the nut is smashed along with the shell. Unless you have the patience of Job and pick out the fragments of edible kernel from amongst the broken shell pieces, this is not a good method.

Striking a hammer blow leaves a walnut in tiny pieces.
Striking a hammer blow leaves a walnut in tiny pieces. | Source

2. Separating Walnuts from their Shells in Quantity

The farmer in the video below smashes his walnuts in quantity. He has devised his own walnut crushing machine by using an old out of date hay crimping machine. Having reduced the nuts to a complex mess of shell and kernel, he then proceeds to sieve the two components apart again. His sells the walnut kernels and uses the broken shells as fuel in his wood burning stove to provide winter heat. This method of shelling walnuts is unusual and not for everyone!

3. Use a Hinged Nutcracker

A nutcracker is an implement that in its simplest form is just two pieces of metal or wood joined by a hinge. You put the nut near the hinge and grip hard. Your success at cracking a nut depends upon your personal grip strength. So for some people a simple nutcracker is enough. The classic design of nutcracker is often sold with picks to help you prise every last piece of the kernel away from the shell.

Walnuts on a plate with hinged nutcracker.
Walnuts on a plate with hinged nutcracker. | Source

4. Screw Motion or Screw Press Nutcracker

Many people need a little help with applying the pressure needed to crack walnut shells easily. This is where the screw motion or screw press nutcracker comes to the rescue. This ingenious device dates back hundreds if not thousands of years. By using a screw motion, pressure is applied onto the shell of the nut without the user having a strong hand grip themselves. The amount of pressure used can be carefully regulated. This means that as soon as the walnut’s shell cracks, pressure can be stopped. The walnut kernel can then be removed in one piece rather than in fragments.

Screw type nutcrackers are usually made of either wood (known as treen), or of metal (often stainless steel). There are also many examples of these type of nutcrackers made in the shape of a person as tourist souvenirs.

Treen or wooden screw type nutcracker.
Treen or wooden screw type nutcracker. | Source

5. Use a Sharp Knife to Open Walnuts

If you have a steady hand (and there are no small children nearby) you could use a sharp knife to open the walnut and get the kernel out in one piece. The video below demonstrates this method.

The tip of the knife is placed into the seam or hinge of the walnut. Once inserted, the knife is twisted to force open the seam. If done correctly, the shell of the walnut will split open. Please take care if you use this method, as it'is easy for a knife to slip and cause injury.

How to Shell a Walnut

6. Freezing Method Works for Quantity

Using a freezer to crack open walnuts relies on the chemistry of water changing from a liquid into a solid. Put the walnuts into a freezer bag and seal. Place the sealed bag into the freezer for several hours. The water present in the nuts and their shells freezes. Water expands as it freezes and so the shells will split open.

This method works well for walnuts intend using for baking or cooking. This is because the expansion and contraction of the water within the nuts causes the kernels to become slightly soft and flabby tasting. If you use this method and intend eating the walnuts as a snack, you will need to roast or cook them before eating.

Walnuts are decorative and taste great.
Walnuts are decorative and taste great. | Source

7. Rough and Ready Method Using a Door Hinge

If all else fails you can use a door hinge. With this rough and ready method the walnut kernel is undamaged (although I cannot guarantee that the doorjamb will remain unmarked!)

1. Find a suitable door with a hinge in good condition.

2. With the door open, place the walnut in the hinge between the door jamb and the door.

3. Carefully close the door so that the hinge closes tight onto the nut. You will hear a cracking sound as the shell splinters.

4. Carefully pick out the kernel from among the debris (and eat).

Fresh walnuts have a rock hard shell with a creamy inner kernel.
Fresh walnuts have a rock hard shell with a creamy inner kernel. | Source

What's the best trick to break open walnuts?

See results

US Walnut Facts and Figures

  • The United States produces 500,000 tons of walnuts per annum.
  • The value of walnut production in the States is over US $1.5 billion.
  • The US is the world’s largest exporter of walnuts.
  • The main export markets for the US crop are South Korea, Germany, Japan, Canada, China and Turkey.
  • Californian grown walnuts account for 99% of the commercial US supply as well as two-thirds of the US world export market.

Data is from the National Agricultural Statistical Service (NASS), USDA and the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), USDA.

This variety is called English Walnuts but it is grown in the US.
This variety is called English Walnuts but it is grown in the US. | Source

Best Way to Separate Hull From Walnut

If you grow and pick your own walnuts, you may need a quick and easy way to de-hull a lot of nuts. The video below shows how this can be done using water and a pressure hose. When the weather is hot, this is a fun way to complete your harvest.

Dean's Easy Way to Husk Walnuts

Comments

Submit a Comment

No comments yet.

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, delishably.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://delishably.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)