Making Applesauce and Choke Cherry Jelly With an Old-Fashioned Food Grinder Mill

Updated on November 5, 2017
Peggy W profile image

My mother was an excellent cook & taught me childhood lessons in the kitchen as she cooked from scratch. My hubby & I both enjoy cooking.

Old cone shaped food mill with stand and pestle given to me from my grandmother.
Old cone shaped food mill with stand and pestle given to me from my grandmother. | Source


My grandmother gave me an old-fashioned cone-shaped food mill/grinding mill strainer with stand and a wooden pestle. That was when my husband and I moved to Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin, from Houston, Texas, in the 1970s. It was definitely put to good use!

I made many a pint jar of home-canned choke cherry jelly.

Choke cherry trees are so pretty when they are in bloom as can be viewed in this photo.
Choke cherry trees are so pretty when they are in bloom as can be viewed in this photo. | Source

Numerous quart jars were also filled after making applesauce. Preservation was done by using water-bath canning methods. My grandmother had given us her old canning equipment and plenty of old-but-still-useful mason jars that were in her basement.

Another type of vintage food mill was also in my possession given to me from my family.

The stand on this Wearever old-fashioned aluminum food mill nicely placed the cone strainer over bowls which could easily capture the pressed juice and ground pulp of the fruit. This became my favorite choice to use.

Food Mill

New Star Foodservice 42566 China Cap/Chinois Strainer, Stainless Steel, 7-Inch, 2mm Fine Perforations, 3 Pc Set
New Star Foodservice 42566 China Cap/Chinois Strainer, Stainless Steel, 7-Inch, 2mm Fine Perforations, 3 Pc Set

This is modern but similar to the old fashioned food mill given to me by my grandmother.


Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin

I practiced backyard organic gardening when my husband and I lived in Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin, many years ago. That garden was terrific and produced so much nutritious and tasty food not only for the two of us but we shared it with many other people as well.

One of our good neighbors who had several acres of land and their own large garden invited me to split the purchase of several bushels of different types of apples one year. She regularly made applesauce for her family of five and it made me remember the days of my childhood when I grew up eating homemade applesauce.

Those wonderful days of opening the mason jars filled with pink hued and delicious applesauce made from the efforts of my mother came to mind.

Since I had already learned the water-bath canning method of preserving home grown tomatoes after planting 43 tomato plants that first year in our garden, I decided to start making my own applesauce as well.

Homemade applesauce is so much better than the canned or jarred varieties that one typically purchases in grocery stores. One can adjust the sweetness and any flavorings to one's taste.

Thus my making of homemade applesauce was launched thanks to my neighbor Char, and also with gratitude to my grandma who had given us her canning and food mill equipment that she no longer intended to use.

Food Mill

OXO Good Grips Food Mill
OXO Good Grips Food Mill

I am also blessed to have an older version of this type of food mill from my grandmother.


Homemade Applesauce

Making homemade applesauce is so very easy!

My neighbor and I used a combination of apples. The same types that are good for pie recipes also make for great use when making applesauce. Good examples of apples to use include some of the following:

  • McIntosh . . . always one of my favorites!
  • Fugi
  • Pippin
  • Granny Smith
  • Jonathan
  • Honey crisp or any other combination of your choice. If you have your own apple trees then use whatever type you have.

The first video above shows making applesauce in a slow cooker with no water added.

Usual Ingredients for Making Applesauce

  • Apples, peeled, cored and cut into small pieces
  • Small amount of water or apple cider or apple juice (I used water)
  • Juice of 1 lemon
  • Sugar, white, brown or a combination of both. For diabetics sugar substitutes could be utilized.
  • Optional spices such as cinnamon, nutmeg, cloves and allspice.
  • Optional - a dash of salt.

Instructions in Making Applesauce

1. Put the peeled, cored and chopped apples into a saucepan.

2. Add the rest of the chosen ingredients and combine with the apples in the saucepan. Add any sugar gradually because it all depends upon the sweetness of the apples one is using as to how much sugar is needed to make it palatable. Do this "to taste." You can always add more sugar later if needed.

3. Stir the apple combination over medium to medium high heat until bubbling. Cover and continue to cook for 15 to 25 minutes until the apples are soft. Stir occasionally during this process to make sure there is enough liquid in the pan. The apples will release their juices as they cook.

4. Take off of heat and process the apple combination with a food mill, a food processor, a blender or even mash with a potato masher or fork if you wish the applesauce to be chunky.

5. Adjust for flavor and put into jars for storage. If too thick the applesauce can be thinned with more water. If too sweet add more lemon juice. If not sweet enough add more sugar while it is still hot.

6. The homemade applesauce can be stored in the refrigerator, freezer or be canned at this point.

Exact amounts can be varied depending upon the size of apples and desired sweetness or flavor desired. For 6 pounds of apples you might try using the juice of 1 lemon, 1/2 cup of sugar and 3/4 cup of water as one example.

For those who wish to see another person make and preserve applesauce from start to finish, the video below is for you.


On our half acre lot in Wisconsin Rapids were a couple of choke cherry trees in our front yard and one in the backyard. Those ripened chokecherries that turned from red to black as they matured attracted many birds who happily fed on them. They also made some great tasting jelly!

There I am picking choke cherries from our tree in the front yard.
There I am picking choke cherries from our tree in the front yard. | Source

Once I learned that the chokecherries were edible and also high in antioxidants, I put my grandmother's grinding mill to further use.

For those who may not be familiar with the choke cherry, it is related to regular cherries that grow much larger. The taste is somewhere between a concord grape and black cherry flavor if I were to describe the flavor once made into jelly. The large seed in the center takes up most of the room with the flesh of the chokecherry being minimal in comparison. The pea sized chokecherries grow in clusters.

After picking the berries, washing them and cooking them in a kettle of water, they were put through my grandmother's old fashioned cone shaped food mill. A huge amount of seeds and skins were collected as that rich dark juice was gathered in the bowl under the mill grinder.

Chokecherries are less tart when fully ripened but they do take quite a bit of sugar to make a good jelly out of them. You can easily look up specific recipes of how to make this type of jelly if you have access to picking this fruit. I no longer have a note of the exact amounts that I used. The basic ingredients are the following:

  • the cooked chokecherry juice after it was strained,
  • lemon juice,
  • sugar,
  • and pectin.

We moved several jars of my homemade chokecherry jelly back to Houston when my husband took on a new job assignment. We were able to share them with our family members in Texas. I don't exactly remember the recipe I used, and unfortunately, no longer have access to my notes. Instead, I've included a video that was similar to what I used to make.

Old fashioned grinding food mill
Old fashioned grinding food mill | Source

We enjoyed our four years living in central Wisconsin. I particularly enjoyed my backyard gardening adventures.

Learning how to make my own homemade applesauce and choke cherry jelly was fun. I also canned numerous quart jars of tomatoes reaping the goodness coming from our garden and Mother Earth. Looking back I cherish the memories of those days!

A markerWisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin -
Wisconsin Rapids, WI, USA
get directions

Have you ever made homemade applesauce or choke cherry jelly?

See results
Wooden pestle ready for use in the food mill
Wooden pestle ready for use in the food mill | Source

Questions & Answers

    © 2011 Peggy Woods

    Comments are welcomed.

      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 23 months ago from Houston, Texas

        You are welcome Robert. :)

      • Robert Sacchi profile image

        Robert Sacchi 24 months ago

        Thank you.

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 24 months ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi Robert,

        There are more modern food grinders than the one pictured from my grandmother...but yes, they are still necessary for some projects like removing skins and seeds when making jelly for example.

      • Robert Sacchi profile image

        Robert Sacchi 24 months ago

        When it comes to grinding do you think the old way is still the best way?

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 3 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi Phyllis Chaney,

        Just write this in a search engine: Old fashioned food mill with wooden pestle. My article pops up on Google in the #3 position and in the top one (as of right now) are images of ones for sale ranging from $19.99 to $32.19. Hope that helps!

      • profile image

        Phyllis Chaney 3 years ago

        How may I purchase the old fashioned Foley a Food Mill with wooden cone pestle? I lost mine given to me from my mother in the 1950's and I love it still. My applesauce is not the same without it. Please help me find one for purchase. Thank you so very much.

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 3 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi Patricia,

        Happy Thanksgiving to you and your entire family. Nice to remember the meals that your Momma made using her food mill in days of old. Sending good thoughts on the wings of angels your way!

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 3 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi Au fait,

        Happy Thanksgiving to you tomorrow! Some good cooks are probably using their food mills in preparation for some special foods to be served tomorrow. Appreciate your comment and the share.

      • pstraubie48 profile image

        Patricia Scott 3 years ago from sunny Florida

        Good morning Peggy

        You know this was a favorite of mine the first time I read it and it still is. My Momma used one of these to make scrumptious foods for us to enjoy. Somehow it got away from us and I am sorry about.

        thanks for the memories.

        Have a lovely Thanksgiving ps

      • Au fait profile image

        C E Clark 3 years ago from North Texas

        This would be perfect for Christmas dinner and for gifts. Came back to share this excellent article again, especially since it seems perfect for Christmas. The elves need to get busy. Less than a month until Santa arrives!

        Hope you are well and looking forward to a great Thanksgiving!

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 3 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi Audrey,

        Nice to be able to tell you what that piece of equipment in your kitchen is used for. Now that you know, will you be making some applesauce or other pureed food?

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 3 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi Au fait,

        Nice that you also had choke cherry trees when you were growing up. It certainly makes a delicious jelly! Appreciate all the shares. My grandmother's old food mill certainly does a good job!

      • AudreyHowitt profile image

        Audrey Howitt 3 years ago from California

        So this is what I have lurking on the back of my pots and pans! Very informative hub!

      • Au fait profile image

        C E Clark 3 years ago from North Texas

        It seems like so many of the 'old' skills are being lost. I'm glad to see this article and the videos about the water bath canning method as well as how to make one's own applesauce, etc. Choke cherries may be hard for some people to find. We had choke cherry trees on our farm in WI when I was growing up.

        Gave you 5 stars, posted on FB, pinned to my 'Delicious Side Dishes' board, and will share on HP.

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 5 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi moonlake,

        So glad that by reading this hub about my grandmother's old fashioned food grinding mill you now have the answer to your question about what that wooden pestle's function is. Most of the newer food mills are of the crank variety. Hope you can locate the other part of the food mill that belongs with that pestle. Good luck and thanks for your comment.

      • moonlake profile image

        moonlake 5 years ago from America

        You just answered one of the mysteries in my house, will share this. The wooden pestle is on a shelf in my kitchen and I didn't know what it was now all I have to do is get the other parts to it. Enjoyed your hub voted up.

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 5 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi beingwell,

        Actually this old food grinding mill is larger than it may look on these pictures. It does a great job! I always think of my grandmother who gave it to me when I use it. Thanks for your comment + share.

      • beingwell profile image

        beingwell 5 years ago from Bangkok

        Neat grinding mill. Small but tough, huh! Voting up and shared peggy. :)

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 5 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi sweetie1,

        Since the old fashioned grinding mill is aluminum, it still looks shiny although it is very old. The wooden pestle shows its age because of the discoloration of using it to mash cooked apples, berrries and such through the sieve for many years of use. Glad that you found this hub interesting. Thanks for your comment.

      • sweetie1 profile image

        sweetie1 5 years ago from India

        Peggy, this is an interesting hub. The old fashioned grinding mill is impressive and I am surprised that you have kept it in such a good condition. Sieve looks like new.

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 5 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi Rajan,

        Applesauce is really quite easy to make and you can adjust the sweetness level depending upon how naturally sweet the apples are. Also making jams from fresh fruits is easy with a food mill. They are handy tools to have in a kitchen. Thanks for your votes and the share. Always look forward to your comments.

      • rajan jolly profile image

        Rajan Singh Jolly 5 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

        Interesting read and going back in time. Your grandmother's food mill still looks awesome. The videos are useful and really inspire me to try out applesauce canning.

        Voted up, useful and sharing.

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 5 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi pstraubie48,

        Sounds like you grew up much as I did eating lots of fresh garden produce and also that which was preserved for current or later enjoyment during the winter months. Nice! Hope you give the making of applesauce a try. You will undoubtedly find many other uses for a foley mill if you decide to get one. Thanks for your comment.

      • pstraubie48 profile image

        Patricia Scott 5 years ago from sunny Florida

        Hi Peggy

        This was indeed a walk down memory lane. My Momma made so many homemade goodies for us from our fields. There were so many times I would come in from playing and find her canning or pickling or using a Foley food mill to squish up a food she would turn into something we could enjoy in the winter or sooner.

        She did have one of these food grinders like the one pictured but I do not remember her using it so much and now I wonder why. She was not one to take short cuts so maybe it was because of the arthritis in her hands and fingers. Seeing this one today reminded me of those long ago days. Reading this is reason enough for me at least get a Foley food mill of my own and give applesauce making a try. thanks for sharing, Peggy.

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 6 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi again Jo,

        Like yours, the food mill from my grandmother is also aluminum. That one you located at looks good. It would take a while to get the wooden pestle seasoned with years of use and lots of jam and jelly making...but it would happen over time.

        The chokecherries are practically all seed and skin (as you probably know) but they really do make a great flavored jelly. Let me know how you like it if you decide to make some. I did not blend mine with apple or other fruit, so it was the pure sweetened flavor. It also has a beautiful rich color.

        Thanks again for your comment. Who knows...maybe someone will contact you and you will have that already seasoned pestle! :))

      • profile image

        Jo 6 years ago

        Hi Peggy

        Anyone can contact me at I live in Edmonton AB Canada.

        Thanks for the advice. I just did a search and have this same food mill made out of stainless steel (mine is aluminum). Given what we now know about aluminum, I am thinking it may be a wise investment in my health to get a stainless steel one. These cone shaped mills are excellent for making jams and jellies. I have never tried to make chokecherry jam but I just might this year.

        Love your hub page. So helpful.

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 6 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi Jo,

        My suggestion would be to put in a search and check places like Ebay, garage sales and thrift shops every so often to see if one becomes available for sale. Spread the word and ask your friends/family to also keep it in mind if they are looking in similar places. Good luck and hope that you find that wooden pestle. Homemade jams and jellies always taste better! :)

        If there is someway to reach you, you might wish to leave contact information in case anyone reading this can point you in the right direction as to locating what you are seeking.

      • profile image

        Jo 6 years ago

        I was so excited when I came across your hub page and saw a picture of your old fashioned food mill with the wooden pestle. I have the exact same one that I got from my mother, however, somewhere along the line of various moves I have lost the wooden pestle. Does anyone know where I might be able to find a replacement? I have been making my own jams and jellies for many years and yes, they are a lot more work but the superiority of the taste cannot be matched!

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 6 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hello tlpoague,

        We were able to move several pints of the chokecherry jelly back to Houston with us when we were transferred from Wisconsin and the taste is now a long ago memory. Like you, we do not have any chokecherry trees down here. The jelly had a wonderful rich color as well as flavor. Thanks for your comment.

      • tlpoague profile image

        Tammy 6 years ago from USA

        I haven't made chokecherry jelly in ages. It is delicious though. When I was first taught how to make the jelly. We were told to make sure and remove every leaf and stick from the mix before boiling the cherries. This was common sense, but I found out later on that the leaves of a chokecherry are poisonous. Where I live now, we don't have any, but I will never forget that year we made chokecherry apple jam. Thanks for sharing this wonderful hub! It brings back memories!

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 6 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hello yogiwan,

        I agree with you. It makes me think of my grandmother and the days of long ago each time I see and handle this old food mill that belonged to her. Like you, I have other old kitchen tools that my mother used for years and each time I see or touch them it makes for good memories. Glad that you liked this and thanks for your comment.

      • yogiwan profile image

        yogiwan 6 years ago from Reno, NV

        Nothing really beats old-fashioned. I still have some of my folks' kitchen tools and each time I use any of them, it simply brings me back to a long ago setting. Great hub!

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 7 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi KoffeeKlatch Gals,

        I agree with you and have kept some old cooking equipment dating back to my grandmother's days. Hope you get to taste choke cherry jelly someday. Thanks for your complementary comment. :-)

      • KoffeeKlatch Gals profile image

        Susan Hazelton 7 years ago from Sunny Florida

        Peggy, I love the way you entertwine memories and cooking. It's a very powerful combination. I find the old, hand me down kitchen tools are often much better than the new ones. I hve never had choke cherry jam but hope to someday.

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 7 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hello Specialk3749,

        This type of old fashioned grinding mill does work great for a number of things. You are lucky if you live where there are choke cherries. It makes a delicious jelly! Thanks for the comment.

      • Specialk3749 profile image

        Karen Metz 7 years ago from Michigan

        I have one of these old fashion mills and it works great with concord grapes. It gets out all the seeds and skins so that you can make jelly and juice.

        Thanks for the recipes! I am definately going to try the chokecherrie!

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 7 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi Gus,

        Yes, the applesauce is definitely pink in color when using an old fashioned grinding mill such as my grandmothers because, as you say, the skins, seeds and such are left behind in the cone...but there is more nutrition coming from using the skins. I've often wondered why the applesauce one buys commercially is yellow. Obviously the skins are eliminated prior to processing.

        Also, as you mentioned, sugar is only utilized if needed. Glad you liked this hub and that it brought back memories for you..."toenails" and all. Haha!

      • GusTheRedneck profile image

        Gustave Kilthau 7 years ago from USA

        Howdy Peggy - Way back in the early 1950s I had the experience of "making" applesauce using one of those "old-fashioned" grinding mills with its wooden pestle. We cooked the hunks of apples, skin, seeds, "toenails" and all, in a waterless cooking pot. Then the whole mess was dumped into the mill and the pestle went around and around. Left behind in the mill were the seeds, the "toenails" and some of the skins, but the rest went through the mill. Did not use any sugar, for the stuff was plenty sweet enough - and it was sort of pink color from the red in the skins. Had not seen one of these for years. Thanks, Peggy.

        Gus :-)))

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 7 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hello Sally's Trove,

        I also had one of those old Foley food mills. Love hummus!

        Since we have not had a large garden ever since leaving Wisconsin Rapids, I have not had the occasion to do any canning. Now we simply use our freezer to preserve foods made in large amounts like homemade soups, etc. Thanks for the comment.

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 7 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi Hello, hello,

        Guess we both appreciate old fashioned things. I too can just look in the mirror! Haha! Thanks for commenting on this hub about my grandmother's old food grinding mill and making applesauce and choke cherry jelly. Are you familiar with chokecherries where you live?

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 7 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi Micky,

        Yes, there is something about these old fashioned kitchen tools like this grinding mill of my grandmothers that resurrect memories of past days and the people who would have used them. That old wooden pestle is stained with years of use...applesauce, choke cherries and who knows what else? Thanks for stopping by and leaving a comment.

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 7 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hello Eiddwen,

        Glad that you liked this hub about using my grandmother's old fashioned grinding mill when I used to make my choke cherry jelly and homemade applesauce. Thanks for the comment.

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 7 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hello gr82bme,

        Using up the homemade applesauce never seemed to be a problem! :-) Thanks for the comment.

      • Sally's Trove profile image

        Sherri 7 years ago from Southeastern Pennsylvania

        I haven't canned in a long time, so this was a great "refresher" for me.

        I love the old tools, too, and my favorite is an old Foley food mill, which I just used the other day to make hummus.

        Thanks, Peggy!

      • Hello, hello, profile image

        Hello, hello, 7 years ago from London, UK

        I love all old things - including myself lol - and therefore I enjoyed this hub so much. Thank you for the pleasure

      • Micky Dee profile image

        Micky Dee 7 years ago

        Very beautiful hub as always Peggy. I love the old tools, especially kitchen tools. Thank you for putting this together. God bless you dear.

      • Eiddwen profile image

        Eiddwen 7 years ago from Wales

        Hi Peggy,

        Great hub and thanks for sharing.

        Take care,


      • gr82bme profile image

        gr82bme 7 years ago from USA

        Home made apple sauce is great, but you have to use it right up when you open it. It will go bad fast. Home made does not seem to last as long in the fridge after opening it as the store bought.

        Great hub

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 7 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hey Cheryl,

        I'm not THAT old! Haha! I still have the old fashioned ginding mill from my grandmother. Can't make choke cherry jelly anymore since there are no choke cherry trees available down here but I could still make applesauce. If made in small need to can or preserve it...just eat and enjoy! Thanks for the comment. :-)

      • Cheryl J. profile image

        Cheryl J. 7 years ago from Houston, TX

        WOW. This is a very rare piece of history. A very fascinating hub and video on the preparation of choke cherry jelly and applesauce. I would love to taste the applesauce and jelly. Great photos of the old fashioned grinding mill.

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 7 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi Tony,

        Glad that you found this hub about old fashioned grinding mills and making things like applesauce and choke cherry jelly fun to read. Thanks for the comment.

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 7 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi dahoglund,

        If your parents or grandparents ever made their own applesauce or jelly they probably had one or more old fashioned food mills. I also had the cranking style of one.

        It would seem that your son has lived both the country and city life such as we have. While we still have a lawn, at least we do not have to worry about snow removal! :)))

        Thanks for your comment.

      • Peggy W profile image

        Peggy Woods 7 years ago from Houston, Texas

        Hi Billy,

        Actually one would still need some type of a grinding mill to separate the skin and seeds from apples, chokecherries or other types of fruit instead of just using a Cuisinart. Old fashioned or mills still have their place. Thanks for the first comment.

      • tonymac04 profile image

        Tony McGregor 7 years ago from South Africa

        I love this Hub - thank you! The stories and the cooking are woven so neatly together and are such fun to read.

        Love and peace


      • dahoglund profile image

        Don A. Hoglund 7 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids

        I'm sure that somewhere along the line we have had food mills without ever knowing what they are.I like jellie but have to go easy on them because of diabetes.

        Interesting sidelight on country living.My son had an old house converted into a duplex which he bought from his cousin when he was 18. Property values in that area of Minneapolis rose and he sold it at a health profit about twelve years later.

        He wanted to start his own business and moved to a neighborhood by Lake Dubay and they started a store selling top line second hand clothes while he was trying to start a computer business. The house was on a large lot, had 5 bedrooms(they have 4Kids)and has a lot of Norwegian Pines.Well the economy tanked and he got hsi old job back in the Twin cities and moved to Hudson in a rented townhouse.

        The point is that he went from urban living, to country living and is now a suburbanite and glad to be away from the expenses and chores of snow removal, lawn upkeep etc.

      • billyaustindillon profile image

        billyaustindillon 7 years ago

        very interesting read on grinding mills - makes you appreciate the Cuisinart - that applesauce recipe looks ideal for pork chops right now :)


      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: ""

      Show Details
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)