25 Flowers You Can Eat

Updated on January 10, 2020
Faceless39 profile image

I'm a dental hygienist, pyrography artist, avid gardener, writer, vegetarian, world traveler, and many other things!

These flowers are surprisingly delicious.
These flowers are surprisingly delicious. | Source

Leaves of plants are often delicious, but many people aren't aware that sometimes flowers can be eaten, too. As a kid I discovered the tangy, tart flowers of wood sorrel through my botanist mother, and I still seek them out today. There is a purity found in flowers that isn't always found in the leaves.

Flowers have been eaten since ancient times. Rose petals and lotus blooms are often used in Indian cuisine; the Chinese eat daylilies; Italians use squash blossoms; and the ancient Romans ate violets.

Apart from being beautiful and interesting conversation starters, it's always good to know what's edible in nature in case you find yourself lost in the woods or in a survival situation. There have been countless stories about people surviving precisely because they had a knowledge of what was around them, and what they could eat.

Edible Flowers

1. Arugula
14. Lavender
2. Basil
15. Lemon Verbena
3. Borage
16. Lilac
4. Calendula
17. Mint
5. Carnation
18. Nasturtium
6. Chamomile
19. Pansy
7. Chrysanthemum
20. Petunia
8. Coriander
21. Rose
9. Red Clover
22. Snapdragon
10. Dandelion
23. Squash
11. Fennel
24. Sunflower
12. Hibiscus
25. Violet
13. Jasmine

Have you ever eaten a flower?

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Edible flowers add whimsy to dishes
Edible flowers add whimsy to dishes | Source

Be Careful

  • There are a lot of look-alike plants in nature, and often they are poisonous. Before eating wild plants or flowers, consult a botanist or reference book, or be certain that what you're about to eat is what you think it is. Check this list of poisonous plants to help ensure that you're not grabbing something poisonous, but the best bet is to grow the flowers from seed yourself.
  • Never eat flowers grown commercially or for floral arrangements, as they are often sprayed with pesticides and other toxic chemicals.
  • Only eat the flower's petals; do no eat the stamen or pistils unless you know for sure it's okay to do so.
  • After picking flowers, put them in a glass of ice water or on a wet paper towel in the fridge. Use them as soon as possible.

Video: Edible Flowers Demo

1. Arugula
1. Arugula | Source

1. Arugula

Common names: Arugula, rocket, garden rocket, roquette, rucola

Scientific name: Eruca sativa

Colors: White; yellow; purple

Flavor: Peppery, nutty, spicy

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, potassium, flavonoids

2. Basil
2. Basil | Source

2. Basil

Common names: Sweet basil, basil, kitchen basil

Scientific name: Ocimum basilicum

Colors: White; purple

Flavor: Strong, sweet, lemon, mint

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin A, vitamin C, potassium, magnesium, calcium, flavonoids

3. Borage
3. Borage | Source

3. Borage

Common names: Borage, starflower, bee bread, burrage

Scientific name: Borago officinalis

Colors: Blue; pink; white

Flavor: Mild, cucumber-like

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin C, vitamin A, iron, B-complex, flavonoids

4. Calendula
4. Calendula | Source

4. Calendula

Common names: Calendula, pot marigold, garden marigold, common marigold

Scientific name: Calendula officinalis

Colors: Yellow; orange

Flavor: Spicy, peppery, and tangy

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin C, flavonoids, carotenoids

5. Carnation
5. Carnation | Source

5. Carnation

Common names: Carnation

Scientific name: Dianthus

Colors: Pink; red; white; yellow; purple; green

Flavor: Sweet and spicy, clove-like

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin C, vitamin A

6. Chamomile
6. Chamomile | Source

6. Chamomile

Common names: Chamomile, camomile, pineapple weed, scented mayweed

Scientific name: Matricaria chamomilla

Colors: White

Flavor: Sweet, slight apple taste

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin A, potassium, calcium, flavonoids

7. Chrysanthemum
7. Chrysanthemum | Source

7. Chrysanthemum

Common names: Chrysanthemum, mum, crysanth

Scientific name: Chrysanthemum

Colors: Yellow; white; red; pink; orange

Flavor: Peppery, from light to pungent

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin A, vitamin C, potassium, calcium

8. Coriander
8. Coriander | Source

8. Coriander

Common names: Coriander, cilantro, dhania

Scientific name: Coriandrum sativum

Colors: White; light pink

Flavor: Similar to the herb; green flavor people either love or hate

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin A, vitamin K, vitamin C, iron, potassium

9. Red Clover
9. Red Clover | Source

9. Red Clover

Common names: Red clover

Scientific name: Trifolium pratense

Colors: Red (purple/pink)

Flavor: Sweet, slightly anise-like

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin C, B-complex, phosphorus, potassium, calcium

10. Dandelion
10. Dandelion | Source

10. Dandelion

Common names: Dandelion, common dandelion

Scientific name: Taraxacum officinale

Colors: Yellow

Flavor: Sweet, honey-like

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin A, potassium, B-complex, iron, flavonoids

VIDEO: Sweet Flower Pancakes

11. Fennel
11. Fennel | Source

11. Fennel

Common names: Fennel

Scientific name: Foeniculum vulgare

Colors: Yellow

Flavor: Sweet, anise-like

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin C, calcium, iron, carotenoids

12. Hibiscus
12. Hibiscus | Source

12. Hibiscus

Common names: Hibiscus

Scientific name: Hibiscus

Colors: Red; pink; white; yellow; orange

Flavor: Tart, cranberry-like

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin C, potassium, flavonoids

Hibiscus Tea
Hibiscus Tea | Source

Hibiscus Tea Recipe


  • 1 cup dried Hibiscus flowers
  • 1 cup granulated sugar
  • 8 cups cold water


  • Discard stems
  • Soak flower petals in cold water for 1-2 days, until the color of the petals has faded
  • Strain through a fine sieve
  • Add sugar and stir
  • Serve warm or cold, straight or with lemon wedges or orange zest
  • Keeps in the fridge for 5 days

13. Jasmine
13. Jasmine | Source

13. Jasmine

Common names: Jasmine

Scientific name: Jasminum officinale

Colors: White; yellow

Flavor: Sweet, delicate, highly aromatic

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin A, vitamin C, flavonoids

14. Lavender
14. Lavender | Source

14. Lavender

Common names: Lavender

Scientific name: Lavandula

Colors: Purple

Flavor: Sweet and floral

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin A, vitamin C, iron, flavonoids

15. Lemon Verbena
15. Lemon Verbena | Source

15. Lemon Verbena

Common names: Lemon verbena, lemon beebrush

Scientific name: Aloysia citrodora

Colors: White; pink

Flavor: Lemony

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin C, flavonoids

VIDEO: Edible Flowers

16. Lilac
16. Lilac | Source

16. Lilac

Common names: Lilac

Scientific name: Syringa

Colors: Purple; white; pink

Flavor: Lemony, floral

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin C, iron, calcium

17. Mint
17. Mint | Source

17. Mint

Common names: Mint

Scientific name: Mentha

Colors: White; pink; purple

Flavor: Minty, cooling, fresh

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, iron, flavonoids

18. Nasturtium
18. Nasturtium | Source

18. Nasturtium

Common names: Nasturtium

Scientific name: Tropaeolum

Colors: Red; yellow; orange; white; pink

Flavor: Sweet, spicy, peppery

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin C, iron, flavonoids

19. Pansy
19. Pansy | Source

19. Pansy

Common names: Pansy

Scientific name: Viola × wittrockiana

Colors: Yellow; purple; white; pink; red; orange; blue

Flavor: Mildly sweet, tart

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin C, iron, carotenoids, flavonoids

20. Petunia
20. Petunia | Source

20. Petunia

Common names: Petunia

Scientific name: Petunia

Colors: Pink; purple; white; red

Flavor: Sweet and spicy

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin A, vitamin C, iron, calcium

VIDEO: How To Make Candied Edible Flowers

21. Rose
21. Rose | Source

21. Rose

Common names: Rose, wild rose

Scientific name: Rosa

Colors: Pink; white; red; yellow; orange

Flavor: From sweet, sour, to spicy

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin K, B-complex, calcium

22. Snapdragon
22. Snapdragon | Source

22. Snapdragon

Common names: Snapdragon, dragon flower

Scientific name: Antirrhinum

Colors: White; yellow; pink; red; orange; purple

Flavor: Mild or slightly bitter

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin C, iron, potassium, phosphorus

23. Squash
23. Squash | Source

23. Squash

Common names: Squash, pumpkin, gourd

Scientific name: Cucurbita

Colors: Yellow; orange

Flavor: Sweet, nectar-like

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin A, vitamin C, B-complex, potassium, carotenoids

24. Sunflower
24. Sunflower | Source

24. Sunflower

Common names: Sunflower

Scientific name: Helianthus annuus

Colors: Yellow; orange

Flavor: Green and leafy; better after being lightly steamed

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin E, vitamin C, B-complex, phosphorus

25. Violet
25. Violet | Source

25. Violet

Common names: Violet, viola

Scientific name: Viola

Colors: Purple; blue; pink

Flavor: Sweet, nectar-like

Nutritional benefits: Vitamin C, iron, flavonoids

© 2012 Kate P


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    • profile image


      15 months ago


    • Faceless39 profile imageAUTHOR

      Kate P 

      4 years ago from The North Woods, USA

      Thanks for the wonderful comments! I appreciate them. And I have never tried lilacs either :)

    • Chantelle Porter profile image

      Chantelle Porter 

      4 years ago from Chicago

      I had no idea you could eat this many flowers, especially the lilac. Very interesting and pretty article.

    • GiftsByDiana profile image

      Diana Burrell-Shipton 

      4 years ago from Hubbard, Ohio, USA

      I have eaten all of these except for the mums.

      I love being an organic gardener and having such a variety of fun and tasty choices :)

      Thanks for helping folks to explore the world of edible flowers.

    • cmoneyspinner1tf profile image

      Treathyl FOX 

      5 years ago from Austin, Texas

      Lovely HUB. I'll take the Squash, Violet and the Pansy. :)

    • Celiegirl profile image


      7 years ago

      Thanks, informative and too cool. Knew of a lot of these but surprised by many more.

    • Rosana Modugno profile image

      Rosana Modugno 

      7 years ago from 11th Kingdom

      Well organized piece. I've always wanted to know about edible flowers. This was great. Thanks :)

    • Faceless39 profile imageAUTHOR

      Kate P 

      8 years ago from The North Woods, USA

      Even though there's such a huge variety of edible flowers, my favorite is still the almost-unknown wood sorrel. I seem to have a real eye for them, and find them (and munch them) all over the place. They're wonderfully sour, and so are the stems and leaves. Here's a picture in case you want to find them in your own yard: http://www.all-creatures.org/picb/wfshl-creepingwo...

      Thanks so much for the beautiful comments!

    • Mommiegee profile image


      8 years ago from Alabama

      I love that you let us know how each one tasted and their nutritional values. I give this hub a thumbs up!

    • maheshpatwal profile image


      8 years ago from MUMBAI

      In india people have been using flowers such as basil,corridender and rose petals/water made from petals in their foods/juices for many years to make them more delicious...... your list contains many flowers which was unkown to me till now....... well researched and written. Very informative hub

    • tirelesstraveler profile image

      Judy Specht 

      8 years ago from California

      Lilac really and red clover? I have funny stories about lilacs and have been trying to rid my lawn of red clover when I should have been eating it. No chemicals on my lawn, so I may try it.

    • cclitgirl profile image

      Cynthia Calhoun 

      8 years ago from Western NC

      Beautiful, informative hub. I have eaten lots of these flowers, but I learned about a few that I didn't know you could eat. The pictures are fabulous - and now you've got me craving arugula - I love the sweet, sesame-like flavor and hibiscus tea. Mmmm. I'm going to go find some of these flowers just so I can make some tea now. :)

    • Kris Heeter profile image

      Kris Heeter 

      8 years ago from Indiana

      Great hub. I've always been fascinated by edible flowers! I'll try to incorporate a link out to our hub from my edible landscaping one:) Great job!

    • Faceless39 profile imageAUTHOR

      Kate P 

      8 years ago from The North Woods, USA

      Thank you all for the awesome comments.

      And btw, if you find any good recipes, please share!

    • Movie Master profile image

      Movie Master 

      8 years ago from United Kingdom

      A fabulous hub, lovely pictures and useful information - I didn't realise there were so many edible flowers!

      voted up/shared

    • mwilliams66 profile image


      8 years ago from Left Coast, USA

      A wonderfully informative hub. I have always enjoyed flowers in salads when out at restaurants, but had no idea where to begin in using them in my cooking. Your very comprehensive article has certainly armed me with the knowledge to begin adding them to my own dishes.

      Voting up, interesting, awesome and pinning.

    • Angela Brummer profile image

      Angela Brummer 

      8 years ago from Lincoln, Nebraska

      Just amazing and I had just found a recipe today with squash blossoms. The food on here is very elegant! The hub delightful. I will share this! Maybe print it out and put it in the back of my cookbook also.

    • michememe profile image

      Miche Wro 

      8 years ago

      This is what I enjoy about Hubs, learning. I wish you could see my face. I am thinking I NEVER knew this. Thanks for the information.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 

      8 years ago from Lincolnshire, U.K

      I Love all the gorgeous flowers, brilliant pics. and very useful info. will most certainly bookmark this page.

    • Sheepsquatch profile image


      8 years ago from Springfield, MO

      This is a very nice collection of edible flowers, though some of them I wouldn't want to eat like the dandelion.

    • Faceless39 profile imageAUTHOR

      Kate P 

      8 years ago from The North Woods, USA

      I'm growing some violets this summer.. can't wait to try them out!

    • mecheshier profile image


      8 years ago

      Nice! Beautiful pics and info. I love edible flowers.

    • Marcy Goodfleisch profile image

      Marcy Goodfleisch 

      8 years ago from Planet Earth

      Wow! How interesting! I've order dishes that were garnished with flowers, and once in a while I've gotten brave enough to taste them. It's nice to know which are okay to eat, though!

    • Faceless39 profile imageAUTHOR

      Kate P 

      8 years ago from The North Woods, USA

      Thanks for all the great comments. Let us all know if you try eating any of these!

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      I have had chamomile and chrysanthemum tea.

      Bookmarking this one.

      Voted up and awesome.

    • Ruchira profile image


      8 years ago from United States

      such an informative hub. Many flowers were foreign to me until now...

      voted up as interesting and sharing it across!

    • ken blair profile image

      ken blair 

      8 years ago

      I've never eaten a flower though i prefer eating vegetables. The ideas are unique and new to me. Thanks for sharing it here.

    • Larry Fields profile image

      Larry Fields 

      8 years ago from Northern California

      Come to think of it, I've eaten Indian Paintbrush. The flowers taste sweet. However I did not eat large quantities of this flower.

      I've seen it growing wild in the Northern Sierras and the Trinity Alps of California.

    • StephanieBCrosby profile image

      Stephanie Bradberry 

      8 years ago from New Jersey

      I have only eaten some edible flowers before. But it would be interesting to try all the ones listed here. Very beautiful layout and easy to read format.

    • ishwaryaa22 profile image

      Ishwaryaa Dhandapani 

      8 years ago from Chennai, India

      An informative and detailed hub! I am really surprised to see the long list of flowers - most of them are well-known, to be edible! In my country, we use rose - mostly for making rose milk and banana flowers to make patties along with lenthils and assorted spices which are really delicious and nutritious. Lotus stems and flowers are used for dishes mainly in the northern states of my country. The layout is well-formatted with colorful pics and interesting videos. Well-done!

      Thanks for SHARING. Useful, Awesome & Interesting. Voted up and Socially Shared.

    • Faceless39 profile imageAUTHOR

      Kate P 

      8 years ago from The North Woods, USA

      This might seem like a lot of edible flowers, but I only picked a few to focus on. If you're interested, here's a more complete list of all edible flowers: http://homecooking.about.com/library/weekly/blflow...

      Thanks very much for all of your nice comments!

    • Thundermama profile image

      Catherine Taylor 

      8 years ago from Canada

      Wow, I encounter so many of these flowers all the time and had no idea that they were edible. I think it's time i embraced a few flowers in my salad. Thank you for this very interesting hub.

    • Daughter Of Maat profile image

      Melissa Flagg COA OSC 

      8 years ago from Rural Central Florida

      Fantastic hub. The pictures a beautiful. I didn't know you could eat violets! My poor violet plant won't have any flowers when I'm done with it! lol

      Great job, I had to bookmark it, it was so good.

    • mvaivata profile image


      8 years ago

      This is an incredibly cool hub! I would be curious to try some of these in recipes. Definitely sharing!

    • Dale Hyde profile image

      Dale Hyde 

      8 years ago from Tropical Paradise on Planet X

      A most informative and useful hub about edible flowers and their preparations. :) A "colorful" hub as well! Great photos and videos. It is always inspiring to see a well thought out and planned hub chocked full with information. :)

    • vegetarianceleste profile image


      8 years ago from San Fransisco

      A wonderful hub - I had no idea there where that many edible flowers. Voted up!

    • Larry Fields profile image

      Larry Fields 

      8 years ago from Northern California

      It's nice to have all of this information, including pictures, all in one place.

      There's a traditional remedy for unbearably hot weather. The Chinese make a 'tea' from Chrysanthemum flowers. I can verify from experience that it helps.

      Rated interesting.


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