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A List of Different Kinds of Vegetables

Updated on September 13, 2017
MM Del Rosario profile image

I was born and raised in the Philippines and now live in Sydney. I love sharing my food knowledge with people.

Vegetables are an indispensable part of healthy eating—truly food for life. There are lots of benefits we can get from eating our daily intake of vegetables. Many veggies are:

  • rich in beta carotene, vitamin C, folate, potassium, and other minerals.
  • high in fibre content, which helps regulate bowel function.
  • rich in bioflavonoids and other compounds that help prevent diseases.

How many veggies are enough?

It is highly recommended that we eat a lest five servings of vegetables daily.

A serving is a half cup of raw or cooked vegetables, a cup of leafy salad vegetables, or half a cup of vegetable juice. Nutritionists recommend choosing a variety of vegetables including: raw and cooked ones; orange, red, dark green, and yellow colored ones; and allium vegetables such as onions and garlic.

When choosing vegetables, the main consideration should always be quality. This list features some different kinds of vegetables, along with some suggestions about buying and storing them so that you to get the most nutrition for your money.

Artichokes, carrots, and cauliflower
Artichokes, carrots, and cauliflower

A

  • Artichokes: They are at their best when they have plump, compact, olive-green heads and are heavy for their size, with full fleshy, tightly closed scales or leaves. To prevent drying, wrap unwashed artichokes in a damp towel and store in plastic bag in the refrigerator. Artichokes provide vitamin C and low in kilojoules.
  • Asparagus: Always choose straight spears of uniform thickness with compact pointed tips. Round, plump spears are usually more tender than flat ones. Aside from vitamin C, they have some vitamin E and are high in riboflavin thiamin, potassium, and iron.

B

  • Beans: There are three main groups of beans: green beans, runner beans, and broad. Most beans are available all year round. Fresh beans are usually at their best when small and young. Avoid tough, rubbery, or discoloured ones. Use within a few days. Beans are high in protein and carbohydrates. They are also a good source of vitamins A, B1, and B2.
  • Bell Peppers/Capsicums: These are mild in taste and can be eaten fresh or cooked. In America, these are known as "bell peppers." The three main types are: green, red, and yellow. Green bell capsicums turn bright red when they mature. Many other types of peppers exist as well, such as the yellow banana capsicum/pepper. When buying any of these peppers, always look for firm, thick-fleshed, and well-shaped specimens with a uniform, glossy colour.
  • Beetroot: These veggies are a deep, rich red. They can be served hot, cold, pickled, or in salads. Available all year. Choose firm, smooth, globular tubers. Tubers can be refrigerated in the vegetable crisper for up to two weeks. This vegetable provides fibre, folate, and potassium.
  • Broccoli: Available all year, it should be cooked lightly and quickly to retain its crispness. Buy broccoli with firm, compact clusters of closed flower buds, sage green to dark green coloring, and firm, tender, light green stalks. Avoid open yellow buds, as this is a sign of over-maturity.
  • Brussels sprouts: Buy these as fresh as possible because older ones are more likely to have that strong, unpleasant "cabbage" flavour. They should be small and hard with tightly wrapped leaves. Avoid any that are turning yellow or brown or have loose leaves. It is better to buy them as you need them, but they will keep for several days in the fridge.

A kilojule and a calorie are two similar units of measurement for the energy that is stored in food.

C

  • Cabbage: A fresh cabbage's outer leaves should be a fresh green or red colour depending on the variety. The crinkly types and red cabbages are generally preferred for salads and coleslaw. Cabbage is rich in vitamin A and C, folate, fibre, and potassium.
  • Carrots: Carrots are rich in carotene—a substance that converts to vitamin A. These are available all year round. Always choose firm, straight, bright orange carrots.
  • Celery: This is a plant of many uses and little waste. The leaves and dried seeds make flavourful seasonings. The outer ribs are best when cooked. The inner ribs or heart can be eaten raw.

Broccoli, eggplant, and zuchinni
Broccoli, eggplant, and zuchinni

E

  • Eggplant: Known by its French name "aubergine" in the UK and much of Europe, the eggplant is a purple and pear-shaped vegetable. Choose firm, smooth plants that are heavy for their size and have no scars, wrinkles, or flabbiness. Small fruits will have more tender skins and fewer seeds than the larger ones and are excellent grilled whole. Refrigerate eggplant, and use within a week. Low in kilojoules, eggplant contains vitamin C, magnesium, and potassium.

G

  • Garlic: This pungent bulb is a member of the amaryllis family. Its juice contains allicin, a natural antibiotic. It's available all year round. When buying garlic, keep an eye out for firm and round bulbs with clear, papery skins, avoid any that are beginning to sprout. Bulbs will keep for weeks in a cool, dry, well-ventilated place.
  • Ginger: This one is also available all year round. To prepare, simply peel away the skin with a sharp knife and grate or thinly slice according to the recipe. Ginger will keep in the refrigerator, loosely covered, for two or three months. Cut ends might grow mould, but that can easily be trimmed.


H

  • Horseradish: Sometimes called "German mustard," it is grown for its sharp-flavoured white roots that contain a volatile oil. Fresh horseradish will keep in the refrigerator for up to three months. It is excellent with hot or cold beef, smoked trout or mackerel, or spread thinly on sandwiches with a pate.


K

  • Kale: Most kale leaves have thick stems and robust leaves that form a head. Curly-leafed kale is the most common kind. Large, coarse-leafed kales are grown for cattle and sheep food. It is frequently teamed with fairly hot spices and is popular in many Indian dishes.

Pumpkin, mushrooms, and lettuce
Pumpkin, mushrooms, and lettuce

L

  • Leeks: There are many varieties of leeks, but they all taste more or less the same. Always buy leeks that look fresh and healthy, meaning the white part should be firm and unblemished, and the leaves green and lively. It is best to buy them when you need them. It is important to wash them thoroughly before cooking, as dirt and grit lodges itself between the white section and the base.
  • Lettuce: There are numerous varieties of this salad plant, including round lettuce, butterhead, crispheads, looseheads, little gem, and cos lettuce. Eat lettuce as soon as possible after purchasing. In the meantime, keep it in a cool, dark place such as the salad drawer of the fridge.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Lettuce @ My Small Garden
Lettuce @ My Small Garden
Lettuce @ My Small Garden | Source

M

  • Mushrooms: These are available all year round. Always buy clean, creamy white or light tan mushrooms. Avoid spongy, discoloured, or sweaty ones. Refrigerate, and use within a day or two. Wipe mushrooms clean, but do not peel or soak them. Mushrooms are an excellent low-kilojoule food.


O

  • Okra: Commonly known as "ladies' fingers," this leafy green is grown in warm tropical regions. The most notable characteristic are its sticky consistency, which makes it a useful thickener for soups or stews. If steamed quickly, the pods will be tender and crisp without releasing their sticky juice. When buying okra, avoid tough, fibrous, or discolored pods. This plant is rich in vitamin C, folate, and magnesium. It also has a moderate amount of vitamin A and fibre.
  • Onions: Onions are available all year and come in a variety of different colors and strengths. They contain a substance that releases when they are cut and causes the eyes to water quite painfully. Red, yellow, and sweet are the most common varieties. There are also shallots.

P

  • Peas - Available almost all year round. Only buy fresh peas. if they are old they are bound to be disappointing and you would be better off buying them frozen.
  • Potatoes - there are many varieties of potatoes and potatoes can be cook in different ways such as baking, boiling, chipping, mashing, roasting sauteing and make it into salad. It is good to always store in cool dry place. Potatoes are important source of carbohydrates..

Peas, beetroot, and asparagus
Peas, beetroot, and asparagus

R

  • Radishes: These belong to the mustard family. They range from round and red to long and red or white. Radishes can be used as garnish or finely sliced and cooked with other vegetables. They are available all year round. Always look for firm, bright ones. Remove their leafy parts, and refrigerate in a plastic bag; use within a week. These are a good source of vitamin C.

S

  • Sweet Corn: A variety of maize that has been developed for use as a fresh vegetable, it is sweeter than the common field corn. it is available frozen, both on the cob and in kernels; the kernels are also very popular canned.
  • Sweet Potatoes: These are available all year and come in many varieties, but there are two basic types: the dry-fleshed, rather-mealy, pale-yellow-fleshed ones and the moist-fleshed ones with deep yellow or orange-red flesh. Sweet potatoes generally keep well when stored in a cool, dry place.

Sweet corn, celery, and capsicum
Sweet corn, celery, and capsicum

T

  • Tomatoes: Few veggies are as ubiquitous as the tomato, which is available all year. Always look for firm. plump fruit; the fresher they look, the better. Refrigerate at once, or otherwise, they will become mushy. Tomatoes are excellent source of vitamin C and a good source of vitamin A.
  • Turnips: Surprisingly, these are a member of the cabbage family. The white-fleshed version with a purple top is the most common. Some varieties are grown especially for their leaves, which are richer in nutrients than the roots. Refrigerates turnips keep for long time.

W - Z

  • Watercress: A delicate, round-leafed salad plant of the mustard family. It has a distinctive raw flavor that is both peppery and slightly pungent. Choose only tender, young leaves without tears and blemishes, and use as soon as possible.
  • Zucchini: Also known as "courgette." They are also referred to as "vegetable marrows" in the UK. Green or yellow in color with fine edible skin when young, they are harvested before they grow too large. When fresh, they are also a source of vitamin C.

Survey

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    • profile image

      moodybrews 7 months ago

      I believe you are looking for a small green pumpkin or squash. Many recipes use a pumpkin or squash as the vessel to cook in.

    • profile image

      bruh 8 months ago

      i wanted to search for a recipe with how we say here in argentina "zapallo verde" in english but i dont have a word for that, do you know how u call this kind of vegetable? or theres not a word at all?

    • profile image

      aaa 12 months ago

      thank you

    • profile image

      JonnaBebs cubar 13 months ago

      The vegetable are great food

    • MelangeSpace1 profile image

      Melange Space 17 months ago from Trinidad & Tobago

      I honestly don't know why people don't like eating vegetables. They are so delicious and so great for you!

    • profile image

      ppyarali 2 years ago

      Looking for bitter vaggie,but I dont have english name

    • Kristen Howe profile image

      Kristen Howe 2 years ago from Northeast Ohio

      Great list of veggies. Very useful list of trying all sorts of veggies. Voted up!

    • profile image

      John 2 years ago

      Peas!!! (:

    • profile image

      yubaraj nath 2 years ago

      I did not find types of vegetable according to modern kitchen.

    • profile image

      janethdassun 2 years ago

      hi....i'm a vegetarian woman...

    • My Bell profile image

      Marcelle Bell 3 years ago

      What a great list! This is perfect to reference when you want to try a new veggie or need an idea on how to spruce up a recipe with some different veggies. I fell in love with vegetables when I became a vegetarian a few years ago. I didn't know then how much I was missing out - I crave them now!

    • profile image

      afra 3 years ago

      WOW ...itzz great

    • profile image

      Binod 3 years ago

      GREAT..THANKS, I LIKE YOUR POST VERY MUCH. PLEASE UPDATE OTHER INFORMATION TOO.

    • profile image

      layla 3 years ago

      I love the zucchini. I use a lot. It makes me feel so good

    • profile image

      Madhan from India 3 years ago

      Good, so nice to see..

    • profile image

      Anonymous 4 years ago

      dis helped vry much thx so much man luv u lots muah xx

    • profile image

      sunney 4 years ago

      This is fantastic .

    • profile image

      algein...and Junnel 4 years ago

      We love veggiesssss.... so much!

      so delicious..

      ;)

    • profile image

      STODOMINGO 4 years ago

      IT IS A GOOD TO OUR HEALTH

    • profile image

      rajan 4 years ago

      i love vegetable and i like it and my favourite vegetable wad broccoli

    • vocalcoach profile image

      Audrey Hunt 4 years ago from Nashville Tn.

      A very good list of vegetables. I found this to be very interesting. Well done and thank you!

    • torrilynn profile image

      torrilynn 4 years ago

      @MM Del Rosario thanks for this hub. Vegetables are vital to our health and our moods overall. Voted up, pinned, and shared !

    • Man of Strength profile image

      Man of Strength 4 years ago from Orlando, Fl

      Hi MM,

      This is a very useful hub. For anyone wanting to adapt a clean and wholesome diet should read this. Voted up all the way across.

    • vibesites profile image

      vibesites 4 years ago from United States

      This is a great guide to buying good quality vegetables, and of their nutritional value. Thanks for posting! Up, useful and shared.

    • profile image

      meann fuentes 4 years ago

      wow amazing

    • profile image

      nilofar 4 years ago

      thanks for ur lot

      of information about valuable veggie

    • profile image

      Jeahan Ali 4 years ago

      thanks for the list of vegetables...it helped me in my Agro 108 subj.:))

    • profile image

      Kathleen 5 years ago

      Broccoli rules!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      Karo 5 years ago

      I love vegetables but some of them are not available in my country. I try eating the ones which are available and I like them.

    • AnishG profile image

      AnishG 5 years ago from India

      Excellent list. Veggies are awesome. Great photos too!

    • profile image

      Jericko 5 years ago

      Some of them are new to me, thanks for this. Im just starting a backyard garden and i only have bitter gourd, bottle gourd, eggplant, tomato, sitaw, petchay and squash, aba madami na pala aqng naitanim. Hehe

    • profile image

      Ann Nonymous 5 years ago

      good good

    • profile image

      chef bhatt 5 years ago

      nice one

    • profile image

      tadasha pattanayak 6 years ago

      a good collection of veges..............

    • daviddwarren22 profile image

      daviddwarren22 6 years ago

      Thanks for the list. Great hub.

    • htodd profile image

      htodd 6 years ago from United States

      Great hub!

    • profile image

      jerline 7 years ago

      wow.............

    • askjanbrass profile image

      askjanbrass 7 years ago from St. Louis, MO

      As a lover of vegetables, I have to say this is one of the greatest lists I have ever seen. So much deliciousness in one place. Great job!

    • tonymac04 profile image

      Tony McGregor 7 years ago from South Africa

      Great Hub, MM! Ilove veggies and you haved presented them with such flair that others should also!

      Love and peace

      Tony

    • MM Del Rosario profile image
      Author

      MM Del Rosario 7 years ago from NSW, Australia

      thank you very much Ann, I always enjoy reading your comments. I have this hub for a while and I am just happy to published it....

    • Ann Nonymous profile image

      Ann Nonymous 7 years ago from Virginia

      This was fantastic! I am always blown away by your presentations and your unique take on every subject, Rosario! Rated it up!!!!