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How to Make Spicy Nigerian Peanut Butter (Ose Oji)

Eunice loves to cook food from her native Nigerian cuisine and share her recipes with others.

Ose oji is a spicy Nigerian peanut butter

Ose oji is a spicy Nigerian peanut butter

A Delicious Local Treat

Peanut butter is a delicious treat that is enjoyed nearly everywhere on earth. Each cuisine has its unique take on this creamy and nutritious snack. The eastern region of Nigeria is known for its own special recipe, called ose oji, that combines various local spices to make a peanut butter that smells and tastes heavenly.

One of the local spices used in this recipe is Calabash nutmeg, which is a tropical spice that is known as ehuru in the Igbo language. It gives the peanut butter a unique aroma and taste. If you can't find this spice in the international aisle of your supermarket, you should be able to buy it at any African market.

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  • 2 cups groundnuts (or peanuts), fried and peeled
  • 1 tablespoon chili pepper, dried and ground
  • 3 tablespoons crayfish, dried and ground
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 4 seeds Calabash nutmeg (ehuru), dried and ground

Cook Time

Prep timeReady inYields

20 min

20 min

3 servings


  1. If you are using raw groundnuts, soak them in cold salted water for 2 minutes. Drain them with a sieve and then dry them under the sun until they are completely dry.
  2. When the groundnuts are completely dry, roast them in the oven or use fine sand in a pan. Don’t allow the peanuts to burn. (Alternatively, you can buy already fried peanuts from the supermarket.)
  3. Roast the Calabash nutmeg (ehuru) in a pan or in an oven to release the flavor.
  4. Combine the fried groundnuts, dry crayfish, Calabash nutmeg, chili, and salt in a grinder or food processor and blend. Grind continuously until the mixture becomes smooth and oily (see photo).
  5. Store the peanut butter an airtight jar and refrigerate.
One of the ways we serve ose oji is as a dip for garden eggs (African eggplant).

One of the ways we serve ose oji is as a dip for garden eggs (African eggplant).

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