20 Must-Eat Foods From Russia

Updated on January 22, 2019
Necento anto profile image

I had a chance to visit Eastern Europe and would love to share information about the local cuisine of Russia with anyone who is curious.

Russian Cuisine
Russian Cuisine | Source

Russian cuisine is one of a kind, just like every other cuisine. It's mainly influenced by the environmental and traditional factors. In this article, I talk about 20 foods that I personally like and enjoy, starting from the dishes I enjoy the most.

Borscht Soup

Borscht is a very famous soup eaten in the whole of Russia and Ukraine. It's made of beets, potatoes, cabbage, carrots, spring onions, garlic, and tomatoes and is garnished with dill leaves. If you want, you can add meat in it too. It's one of our many comfort foods, and I personally enjoy borscht during harsh winters here in Ukraine. It is served with a spoon of sour cream and brown bread.

Borscht soup
Borscht soup | Source

Solyanka Soup

Solyanka is another soup that I enjoy. The main ingredients here are sausage, potatoes, carrots, onions, pickled cucumbers, and herbs. It's also garnished with dill leaves and black olives. What I like in this soup is the sour flavor. It's served with a spoon of sour cream, a slice of lemon on top, and, of course, brown bread.

solyanka soup
solyanka soup | Source

Okroshka Soup

Okroshka is a summer soup, and it's usually eaten cold. It can be made with either yoghurt, mayonnaise, or kvass. The vegetables, like cucumbers and spring onions, are added along with sausages and boiled egg, both cut into small cubes. Also it's garnished with dill leaves. In summer, it's a common dish, and you will see it being eaten in many households. I love to eat this soup during the summer as it helps cool the body.

Okroshka | Source


It's a fast food in Russia. Basically, it's stuffed buns with a variety of fillings inside. The fillings can be of cabbage, potato, meat, liver, mushrooms or combinations of vegetables and meat etc. They are fried or baked. It is served warm or hot. I like eating pirozhki with tea or coffee on the days I have no time to take my breakfast. I like the cabbage pirozhki the most and then the one with meat.

Pirozhki | Source

Salat Olivye

This is a traditional potato salad. The main ingredients are boiled potatoes, boiled carrots, boiled eggs, sausage or meat, pickled cucumbers, boiled green peas, mayonnaise, dill and parsley. All are mixed together and salt and black pepper are added as desired. It's one of the salads prepared during the new year celebrations in Russia.

salad olivye
salad olivye | Source


Blini are pancakes with fillings. Fillings can be fruits like apple, bananas, strawberries or it can be vegetables like cabbage, potatoes or it can be meat. It is served with chocolate dipping or sour cream. You can see it being sold as a street food.

Blini stuffed with meat
Blini stuffed with meat | Source


Chebureki is a crescent-shaped deep fried dough with filling. The filling is mostly minced meat and onions. It's one of the common street food.

Chebureki | Source

Pickled Vegetables

Vegetables like cucumbers and tomatoes, beetroots and cabbages are pickled in summer so that it can be eaten throughout the winter. Cucumbers and tomatoes grow in summer and the cost of these vegetables are cheaper in summer as compared to in winters. It's pickled in salt water. I like eating pickled vegetables as a side dish. It has great flavor.

Pickled tomatoes
Pickled tomatoes | Source


One of the traditional dishes loved by many. It is basically meat jelly. It's served cold. The jelly is the made from meat stock or consomme.

Kholodets | Source


Salo is cured pork fat. It is a common food and is eaten either cooked or raw. Sometimes people eat it as a snack with vodka. I like eating potatoes cooked with salo. It's a very tasty dish.

Salo | Source


Pirog is a pie made of dough with sweet or savoury filling.

Pirog | Source


Pelmeni are Russian dumplings. It's made of unleavened dough which is filled with vegetables like potatoes, mushrooms or meat. Once the dough is stuffed with fillings, it is thrown into boiling water and cooked for 15-20 mins. It can be of various sizes of shapes and very tasty. It's usually served with sour cream. I also enjoy fried pelmeni.

Pelmeni | Source


You cannot miss vodka when in Russia. Its a part of their tradition to drink vodka. Eating food is also an important activity when drinking vodka. People here do not encourage drinking sessions without food.



Kvass is a low alcohol beverage that even kids enjoy on a hot summer day. It's made up of fermented rye bread. It's available in supermarkets but it will be better to taste homemade kvass to get the real flavor. I have tasted both homemade kvass and the ones available in supermarkets, the homemade ones are the best.

Kvass | Source


Shashlik are meat skewers. Mostly it's made in summer. In Russia, people love going to forest with family and friends for picnics and make shashlik. Every year, I wait patiently for summer to come so that I can go to forests with my friends and cook some shashlik and have a nice time.

Shashlik | Source


Russian caviar is a delicacy and one of the finest foods in the world and should not be missed when in Russia. It's salt cured fish eggs. Most famous are the beluga sturgeon caviar.

Black caviar
Black caviar | Source


Shuba is a layered salad. It's also known as Russian beet and herring salad. lt also contains boiled potatoes and carrots etc. All the vegetables and fish are arranged in layers. Sometimes egg is grated on top of the salad.

Shuba | Source


Syrniki is a Russian dessert made of cottage cheese, eggs, flour, sugar and some salt. It's a yummy dessert and at the same time very filling.

Syrniki | Source


Kompot is homemade juice. It's made by boiling fruits in large quantities of water and sugar is added for sweetness. It can be served cold of hot depending on the season. I enjoy drinking kompot without sugar because its really healthy for our body as we do not take unnecessary sugar as in other carbonated or non-carbonated drinks available in the market.

Kompot | Source

Beef Strogannof

It's a dish made up of strips of beef and mushrooms sautéed with sour cream sauce. It's usually served with pasta. Not one of my favourites but many people enjoy this dish.

Beef Strogannof
Beef Strogannof | Source

© 2017 nicci


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    • Melissa Kordsmeier profile image

      Melissa Kordsmeier 

      10 months ago from Washington, Arkansas

      These look so good.

    • Necento anto profile imageAUTHOR


      12 months ago from ukraine

      Thanks Anna, I am glad you liked the article)

    • erorantes profile image

      Ana Maria Orantes 

      13 months ago from Miami Florida

      Hello miss nicci. I like your article about the Russian food. Thank you for writing the article. Everything looks delicious.

    • Necento anto profile imageAUTHOR


      2 years ago from ukraine

      Thank you John!

    • JR Cuevas profile image


      2 years ago from Philippines

      All are yummy. I am literally drooling right now. Hoping to try those in the future. Nice article, nicci!

    • MizBejabbers profile image

      Doris James MizBejabbers 

      2 years ago from Beautiful South

      Nicci, my favorite dish on the whole trip was borscht made with chicken. I've searched for a recipe online but all I find call for sausage or beef. The rest are vegetarian. I've also tried to recreate it but mine just isn't as tasty. Do you have such a recipe, and if so would you share it in either a hub or privately with me?

    • Necento anto profile imageAUTHOR


      2 years ago from ukraine

      Pirogi are semicircular dumplings. The dumpling is usually filled with cheese, boiled potatoes and fried onions.

    • Shrouds profile image


      2 years ago from Malaysia

      looks interesting and delicious!I came accross a word of Pirogi,is that the same with pirog?

    • Ashish Dadgaa profile image


      2 years ago


      Very interesting hub to read. I never heard about this dishes before. I would definitely love to try this delicious food.

      Thank you for sharing with us.

      Bless you.

    • Necento anto profile imageAUTHOR


      2 years ago from ukraine

      Mizbejabbers, I am happy that my article reminded you of some good memories you had from your trip to Soviet Union. Thank you for the comment.

    • MizBejabbers profile image

      Doris James MizBejabbers 

      2 years ago from Beautiful South

      Your article brought back many memories of a trip I made to the Soviet Union during Perestroika (in my college days). I enjoyed many of the foods that you named. I don't think I ate salo, but I grew up on its equivalent in the Southern United States. We call the cured pork fat "fatback" or "salt pork" and use it to season greens, potatoes, beans, and blackeyed peas". One memory was that we were served weiners (called weenies in Southern U.S.A.) at every breakfast. We don't normally eat them for breakfast, but I'm an unconventional eater, so I enjoyed them. I don't care for caviar. I could eat a little of the black, but I couldn't swallow the red at all. I preferred the weenies.

      Another unusual food was putting fish in common coleslaw. I'm not too sure that I liked that. My favorite food was the chicken borscht. I'm not sure I'll ever get to visit there again simply because of the food. It was discovered that I have wheat allergies, and most of this wonderful stuff is made with wheat. Russian vodka does not give me a headache, so I loved it. Thanks for the memories.

    • Necento anto profile imageAUTHOR


      2 years ago from ukraine

      Linda, I am glad you found the article interesting. Thank you for the comment.

    • AliciaC profile image

      Linda Crampton 

      2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      This is a very interesting collection of food. Most of it is completely new to me. I enjoyed learning about the dishes very much—especially those that are eaten as desserts!

    • Glenn Stok profile image

      Glenn Stok 

      2 years ago from Long Island, NY

      I do like cottage cheese Nicci. That's why I had my eyes on the Syrniki. I'm going to try making it some time.

    • Necento anto profile imageAUTHOR


      2 years ago from ukraine

      Thanks Glenn, if you get the opportunity you should try the other dishes mentioned. If you like cottage cheese then surely you would like syrniki. It is a yummy dessert.

    • Glenn Stok profile image

      Glenn Stok 

      2 years ago from Long Island, NY

      You started with the only soup that I know of, and love. The Borscht Soup. I found the other soups and dishes interesting. The Syrniki looks like a tasty dessert.

    • Necento anto profile imageAUTHOR


      2 years ago from ukraine

      Thanks Wesman! Yes, absolutely you should.

    • Wesman Todd Shaw profile image

      Wesman Todd Shaw 

      2 years ago from Kaufman, Texas

      Fabulous images. And I am forever intrigued by European foods. I'd very much wish for the opportunity to try them all.


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